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World History. Chapter 8 Islam By: Treyton and Kayla . Timeline. 622 AD- Mohammed and followers go on Hegira 622 AD- Emperor Heraclius of Constantinople invades Persia to reclaim the “True Cross” taken from Jerusalem—returned it to the Holy Sepulcher—630 AD

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World history

World History

Chapter 8 Islam

By: Treyton and Kayla


Timeline
Timeline

622 AD- Mohammed and followers go on Hegira

622 AD- Emperor Heraclius of Constantinople invades Persia to reclaim the “True Cross” taken from Jerusalem—returned it to the Holy Sepulcher—630 AD

630 AD- M re-enters Makah (mecca), idols out of Kaibab, people convert

632 AD- Mohammed dies, Abu Bark becomes 1st caliph

650 AD- controlled Palestine, Syria, Iraq, Persia, Egypt (jihad)

732 AD- Christians (Charles Martel) and Moslems battle, Tours, France


The 5 pillars
The 5 Pillars

Faith

Prayer

Alms

Fasting

Pilgrimage

The 5 Pillars of Faith are the basic teachings of Islam.


Facts
Facts

Islam was founded in 622 by Muhammad.

Muhammad was born in Mecca in Saudi Arabia.

Followers of this religion are called Muslims.

The origin of Islam began on the Arabian peninsula.

They worshipped the god Allah.

Islam was one of the three religions that originated in the Middle East along with Judaism and Christianity.


Facts1
Facts

Islam spread into the Holy Land ( where Jesus once lived ), North Africa, and into France.

Muslim civilization was very advanced. Especially in the areas of art, architecture, mathematics, irrigation, and science.

Their holy book is called the Koran.

It demanded that Muslims be submissive.


Facts2
Facts

About 1000 AD Western Europe was ending the Dark Ages.

The Byzantine Empire asked the Catholic Church for help against the threat of Muslim attack

The crusades were planned to protect the Byzantine Empire and regain the Holy Land from the Muslims.

The worked for a while by eventually the Muslims retook the Holy Land.


Facts3
Facts

There was a total of 7 Crusades.

The Ottoman Turks finally overran the Byzantine Empire in 1453 AD.


Impact of the crusades on western europe
Impact of the Crusades on Western Europe

New Products

Prosperity

Rebirth of Western Europe

Military success


Inventions
Inventions

Paper

Gunpowder

Magnetic Compass

Game of Chess

Math

Medicine

Science


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