World History. Chapter 8 Islam By: Treyton and Kayla . Timeline. 622 AD- Mohammed and followers go on Hegira 622 AD- Emperor Heraclius of Constantinople invades Persia to reclaim the “True Cross” taken from Jerusalem—returned it to the Holy Sepulcher—630 AD
Chapter 8 Islam
By: Treyton and Kayla
622 AD- Mohammed and followers go on Hegira
622 AD- Emperor Heraclius of Constantinople invades Persia to reclaim the “True Cross” taken from Jerusalem—returned it to the Holy Sepulcher—630 AD
630 AD- M re-enters Makah (mecca), idols out of Kaibab, people convert
632 AD- Mohammed dies, Abu Bark becomes 1st caliph
650 AD- controlled Palestine, Syria, Iraq, Persia, Egypt (jihad)
732 AD- Christians (Charles Martel) and Moslems battle, Tours, France
The 5 Pillars of Faith are the basic teachings of Islam.
Islam was founded in 622 by Muhammad.
Muhammad was born in Mecca in Saudi Arabia.
Followers of this religion are called Muslims.
The origin of Islam began on the Arabian peninsula.
They worshipped the god Allah.
Islam was one of the three religions that originated in the Middle East along with Judaism and Christianity.
Islam spread into the Holy Land ( where Jesus once lived ), North Africa, and into France.
Muslim civilization was very advanced. Especially in the areas of art, architecture, mathematics, irrigation, and science.
Their holy book is called the Koran.
It demanded that Muslims be submissive.
About 1000 AD Western Europe was ending the Dark Ages.
The Byzantine Empire asked the Catholic Church for help against the threat of Muslim attack
The crusades were planned to protect the Byzantine Empire and regain the Holy Land from the Muslims.
The worked for a while by eventually the Muslims retook the Holy Land.
There was a total of 7 Crusades.
The Ottoman Turks finally overran the Byzantine Empire in 1453 AD.
Rebirth of Western Europe
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