Getting around the great lakes state a brief history of transportation in michigan
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GETTING AROUND THE GREAT LAKES STATE: A BRIEF HISTORY OF TRANSPORTATION IN MICHIGAN. Mike Unsworth [email protected] OUTLINE. Focus of the Talk Basics Types of Power Michigan Developments The Future Citizen Participation Wrap-Up Questions. Focus of the Talk: Ground Transport.

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Getting around the great lakes state a brief history of transportation in michigan

GETTING AROUND THE GREAT LAKES STATE:A BRIEF HISTORY OF TRANSPORTATION IN MICHIGAN

Mike Unsworth

[email protected]


Outline
OUTLINE

Focus of the Talk

Basics

Types of Power

Michigan Developments

The Future

Citizen Participation

Wrap-Up

Questions


Focus of the talk ground transport
Focus of the Talk:Ground Transport


Basics
BASICS

  • Efficiencies of Various Types of Transport

  • Costs & Benefits: Greatest Good to the Greatest Number

  • Building & Maintaining Transportation Infrastructure Takes Time and Is Expensive



Muscle currents power for transport1
MUSCLE- & CURRENTS- POWER FOR TRANSPORT

  • Grow most of the fuel and material

    • Greatly affected by weather & geography

    • Waste products are relatively minor & local


Machine powered transport
MACHINE-POWEREDTRANSPORT

  • Fuel and materials extracted

  • Reduces impact of weather & geography

  • Waste products are major & widespread





Ordinances of 1785 1787 set up state local governments
Ordinances BORDERof 1785 & 1787Set Up State & Local Governments:

  • Counties

  • Townships


Roads are a local responsibility
Roads Are A Local Responsibility: BORDER

  • Expensive to build & maintain

  • Leased out to private businesses

  • Primitive


Canal era 1825 present
CANAL ERA (1825-present) BORDER

  • Erie Canal (1825): easier access to the Mid-West

  • Wabash & Erie Canal (1832): delays statehood

  • Sault Locks (1855): opens up the U.P.’s natural resources


Impact of steam engine water transport 1817
IMPACT OF STEAM ENGINE: BORDERWATER TRANSPORT (1817-

  • Speeds travel on existing routes

  • Relies on wood and coal, creating a demand for timber and linking Michigan into the national economy


Impact of steam engine railroads 1836
IMPACT OF STEAM ENGINE BORDER:RAILROADS (1836- )

  • Brings large numbers of people into the interior

  • Expands commerce:

    • Agricultural

    • Mining

    • Manufacturing

  • Links communities

  • Privately run with much government help


Bicycle craze 1880 1900
BICYCLE CRAZE (1880-1900) BORDER

  • Urban phenomenon

  • Sparked “Good Roads Movement. “


Electric light rail or interurbans 1900 1930s
Electric light BORDERrail or “Interurbans”(1900-1930s)

  • Traveled within & between cities

  • Enables suburbanization

  • As with other forms of transit, not always welcome


Motor vehicles incredibly convenient
Motor vehicles BORDER:Incredibly Convenient

  • Less costly than horses

  • Faster

  • Gets one out of the weather

  • Not chained to a transit company’s schedule


Motor vehicles requires major investment for infrastructure
Motor BORDERVehicles:Requires Major Investment for Infrastructure

  • Auto Backers Take Over “Good Roads Movement”

  • Responsibility for Roads Are Spread Over All Levels of Government:

  • Local: Property Taxes

  • State: Gas & Other Taxes. Sets standards and policies

  • Federal: Gas & Other Taxes. Sets standards and policies


  • Motor vehicles convenience comes with costs
    Motor Vehicles BORDER: ConvenienceComes With Costs

    • Fosters Urban Sprawl

    • Expensive and Hard to Maintain

    • Negative Impact on Health


    What s next
    WHAT’S NEXT? BORDER

    • Design & Rebuild Roads to Accommodate More Than Cars & Trucks: Include Pedestrians, Bikes, & Mass Transit

    • People Move to More Densely Populated Cities & Towns


    Your voice
    YOUR VOICE BORDER

    • Our Democracy Functions When Citizens Participate

    • Decision-making Must Be Public:

      • Open Meetings Act

      • Freedom of Information Laws


    Wrap up
    WRAP-UP BORDER

    • We Build Our Infrastructure & Then the Infrastructure Molds Us

    • Transportation Is Expensive. How We Pay for It Is the Big Question


    Questions
    QUESTIONS BORDER


    END BORDER


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