Improving Export Performance through Logistics Cost: Evidence from APEC Economies Maddaremmeng A. Panennungi. Background. It is probably that “the exploration and exploitation of the reduction of tariff barrier” in enhancing trade performance has reached its limit:
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It is probably that “the exploration and exploitation of the reduction of tariff barrier” in enhancing trade performance has reached its limit:
Political economy could be one of the important explanation of “reaching the limit”:
If the political economy were the main reasons of the protectionism, there will be a positive relation between the higher the size of the economy (GDP) or the population with the level of the protection
Size (GDP,Population) vs. Simple Average Tariff in APEC Economies
APEC economies should develop domestic and international logistic index to be evaluated yearly which is based on the both objective and subjective data that available for all APEC economies.