Unit 6: Conflict and Change
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Unit 6: Conflict and Change A study in the uses and abuses of Power Conquistadors: Impact of Colonialism Lesson: #12. Essential Question: Why is there conflict? How can conflict bring two societies closer together? Is it in human nature to dominate? Can one person make a difference?

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Essential Question: Why is there conflict? How can conflict bring two societies closer together?

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Essential question why is there conflict how can conflict bring two societies closer together

Unit 6: Conflict and ChangeA study in the uses and abuses of PowerConquistadors: Impact of ColonialismLesson: #12

Essential Question:

Why is there conflict?

How can conflict bring two societies closer together?

Is it in human nature to dominate?

Can one person make a difference?

Is one group of people inherently superior to another?

How does greed influence people’s actions?


Warm up what s going on in this image

Warm-upWhat’s going on in this image…


Reflective pre write

Reflective Pre-write

  • Have you ever treated someone a certain way (good or bad) because they were different?

  • Have you ever been treated a certain way because you were viewed as different?

  • What is the worst thing you would do for money?


Discussion

Discussion

  • Have you ever treated someone a certain way (good or bad) because they were different?

  • Have you ever been treated a certain way because you were viewed as different?

  • What is the worst thing you would do for money?


Discussion1

Discussion

  • Recall: Juan Gines de Sepulveda, Spanish Journal on the Indians (1547)

    • What did Sepulveda say about the native peoples?

    • Did Sepulveda view the Spanish treatment of the native peoples as just or unjust? Why?


Vocabulary notes

Vocabulary Notes

  • Colonialism: The control or governing influence over a dependent area and its people.

  • Imperialism: The complete control of a weaker nation’s social, economic and political life by a stronger nation.

  • Nationalism: Pride in one’s country or culture.

  • Ethnocentrism: The belief in the superiority in one’s own ethnic group.

  • Barbarians: A group of people characterized as having a primitive civilization.

  • Savages: Uncivilized people living in a primitive state.

  • Cultural Diffusion: The spread of cultural ideas from one society to another.


Impact of colonialism

Impact of Colonialism

  • What evidence of the Spanish exists in Central and South America today?

  • Why do you think there is evidence of Spanish culture in the Americas (even now)?


Bartolome de las casas

Bartolome de las Casas

Directions: Read and annotate the document. Annotations should include underlining important ideas, squiggly line under parts that are unclear or you don’t understand, write a question mark for questions, and circling vocabulary words you don’t understand and try to define them.

Bartolome de las Casa on the destruction of the Indies

 And never have the Indians in all the Indies committed any act against the Spanish Christians, until those Christians have first and many times committed countless cruel aggressions against them or against neighboring nations…Christians, until those Christians have first and many times committed countless cruel aggressions against them or against neighboring nations. Yet into this sheepfold, into this land of meek outcasts there came some Spaniards who immediately behaved like ravening wild beasts, wolves, tigers, or lions that had been starved for many days. More than thirty other islands in the vicinity of San Juan are for the most part and for the same reason depopulated, and the land laid waste. We can estimate very surely and truthfully that in the forty years that have passed, with the infernal actions of the Christians, there have been unjustly slain more than twelve million men, women, and children. In truth, I believe without trying to deceive myself that the number of the slain is more like fifteen million.


Essential question why is there conflict how can conflict bring two societies closer together

After the wars and the killings had ended, when usually there survived only some boys, some women, and children, these survivors were distributed among the Christians to be slaves. And of all the infinite universe of humanity, these people are the most guileless, the most devoid of wickedness and duplicity, the most obedient and faithful to their native masters and to the Spanish Christians whom they serve. These people are the most devoid of rancors, hatreds, or desire for vengeance of any people in the world. Their reason for killing and destroying such an infinite number of souls is that the Christians have an ultimate aim, which is to acquire gold, and to swell themselves with riches in a very brief time and thus rise to a high estate disproportionate to their merits. It should be kept in mind that their insatiable greed and ambition, the greatest ever seen in the world, is the cause of their villainies. With my own eyes I saw Spaniards cut off the nose and ears of Indians, male and female, without provocation, merely because it pleased them to do it. ...Likewise, I saw how they summoned the caciques and the chief rulers to come, assuring them safety, and when they peacefully came, they were taken captive and burned.


Essential question why is there conflict how can conflict bring two societies closer together

They laid bets as to who, with one stroke of the sword, could split a man in two or could cut off his head or spill out his entrails with a single stroke of the pike. They took infants from their mothers' breasts, snatching them by the legs and pitching them headfirst against the crags or snatched them by the arms and threw them into the rivers, roaring with laughter and saying as the babies fell into the water, "Boil there, you offspring of the devil! They attacked the towns and spared neither the children nor the aged nor pregnant women nor women in childbed, not only stabbing them and dismembering them but cutting them to pieces as if dealing with sheep in the slaughter house. They made some low wide gallows on which the hanged victim's feet almost touched the ground, stringing up their victims in lots of thirteen, in memory of Our Redeemer and His twelve Apostles, then set burning wood at their feet and thus burned them alive. With still others, all those they wanted to capture alive, they cut off their hands and hung them round the victim's neck, saying, "Go now, carry the message," meaning, Take the news to the Indians who have fled to the mountains. They made a grid of rods which they placed on forked sticks, then lashed the victims to the grid and lighted a smoldering fire underneath, so that little by little, as those captives screamed in despair and torment, their souls would leave them.


Document analysis reflections

Document Analysis Reflections

Directions: Based on your annotations, write observations, thoughts and emotions.


Project work

Project Work

  • Continue working on your News Broadcast Project


Rapid write

Rapid Write

  • WRITE A SOLID PARAGRAPH (at least 6 sentences)

    • Topic sentence: State your opinion/answer to the question (1 sentence)

    • Introduce evidence: Where did you get your examples/evidence (1 sentence)

    • Evidence: Fact (quote/paraphrase) to support your opinion (1-2 sentences)

    • Discuss: Explain HOW/WHY your examples/evidence support the opinion/answer you wrote in your topic sentence (3 sentences)

  • QUESTION: According to Bartolome de las Casas, what were the reasons the Spaniards treated the native peoples in such an inhumane manner? (use evidence from the text)


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