This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 67

趨勢與優勢 21 世紀海外投資準則與企業全球經營策略 論壇 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 114 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

趨勢與優勢 21 世紀海外投資準則與企業全球經營策略 論壇. 21 世紀海外投資準則與企業全球經營策略. 91. 12. 19. 黃正忠 社團法人中華民國企業永續發展協會. World Business Council for Sustainable Development.

Download Presentation

趨勢與優勢 21 世紀海外投資準則與企業全球經營策略 論壇

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


21

21


21

21

91. 12. 19.


21

World Business Council for Sustainable Development

The WBCSD is a coalition of 168 international companies from more than 20 sectors of industry operating in 33 countries with a shared commitment to sustainable development.

The WBCSD also benefits from a regional network representing 1000 business leaders in developing countries and countries in transition.

www.wbcsd.ch


21

THE REGIONAL NETWORK - New BCSDs and Partner Organizations -

The Excel

Partnership Canada

NHO - Norway

Vernadsky Foundation Russia

BCSD North

Sea Region

BCSD Poland

BCSD Czech Republic

EPE France

BCSD Mongolia

CGLI USA/Canada

Entorno Spain

BCSD Austria

FFA Spain

BCSD Croatia

BCSD Latin America

BCSD Korea

BCSD Portugal

BCSD Gulf of Mexico

AEEC

Egypt

CII India

APEQUE

Algeria

BCSD Mexico

BCSD Taiwan

CoRE BCSD India

BCSD Honduras

BCSD Thailand

BCSD El Salvador

PBE Philippines

BCSD

Venezuela

BCSD Malaysia

BCSD Colombia

BCSD Brazil

Per 2021

EFZ Zimbabwe

WASIG

W.Australia

BCA

Australia

IEF South Africa

BCSD Argentina

BCSD New Zealand


21

Expansion of the Regional Network

Current Initiatives -

Ukraine

BCSD China

Hungary

Lebanon

BCE Hong Kong

Kazakhstan

Guatemala

Bangladesh

Vietnam

BCSD Costa Rica

BCSD Nigeria

BCSD Ecuador

BCSD Indonesia


21

BCSD-Taiwan, ROC


21

/OECD

(CSR)


21

Population (billions)

10

8

6

4

2

0

Africa

Europe

North America

Asia & Oceania

Latin America

Source:

United Nations Population Division

1950 2000 2050


21

l80

202585

l6224

l52

l 19754

20003


21

l19993325

2

l1990

3.74.1

2.3

l78

3,4701111

8,000

l15

57

27


21

  • 19982419751950OECD 302080GDP8020OECD20

  • 2000/2001

  • 101

  • 4044

  • 40


21


Sea level rise 1950 2100

SEA LEVEL RISE 19502100

Centimeter rise relative

to pre-industrial

100

()

Forecast

Actual

75

50

25

0

1950

2000

2050

2100


21

Nike750Tomorrows eNews2001/10/10

Nike2005199887%13%NikeNike2003Nike75050Nike(WWF)Center for Energy and Climate Solutionshttp://www.worldwildlife.org/climate.cfm?sectionid=189&newspaperid=16


State of the world environment 1950 1997

State of the World Environment 1950-1997

195019721997

1.Mega cities2925

2.CO2 Emissions1.64.97.0

3.Water Use130026004200

4.Rainforest1008570

8

CO2

Key:

1. cities with population greater than 8 million annual

2. CO2 emissions in billion tons of carbon

3. annual water use in cubic kilometers

4. index of forest cover, 1950=100


21

l26,00010

1,1001,200700

l

31

l5378

Everglades

l1997750-1,200

5001,000


21

l15-6020007.4

20256.9

433040

l5031

3251

l 1998OECD64

l OECD2000

85 2


21


21

  • (2) 100

  • 51

  • (3)


Aggregate net long term flows to developing countries

Aggregate net long-term flows to developing countries

Aggregate net long-term flows to developing countries

$ billions

250

Portfolio equity investment

200

FDI

150

100

Net private debt flows

50

Net official loans

Net official grants

0

1986

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

Source: World Bank


Economic reasons

Economic reasons

" As long as there are billions of people who are economically powerless, genuine global sustainability will elude us. Needless to say, these people represent a lost opportunity for business. Business must work creatively with governments and civil society to develop ways that enable everybody to share in an improved quality of life not through philantropy, but through economic participation and the dignity that accompanies that"

Chad Holliday Chairman and CEO, Dupont Chairman, WBCSD

?


21

!!


Anti globalization movement view of global governance

International

Organizations

Dominate

decision-making

Developed-World

Governments

Create global regimes that favor

Use influence

to set

agendas

Multinational

Corporations

Anti-Globalization Movement: View of Global Governance

Who Controls

Globalization?


21

International

Organizations

Developed-World

Governments

Multinational

Corporations

Anti-Globalization Movement: Specific Issues

  • Lack of Accountability

  • Lack of Transparency

  • Lax Environmental Standards

  • Loan Conditionality

  • Structural Adjustment Programs

  • TRIPs / TRIMs

  • Environmental / Labor Standards

  • Destruction of Jobs / Job Security

  • Increasing Dominance in Economies

  • Supremacy of Consumer Culture

  • Debt Forgiveness

  • Agricultural Subsidies / Selective Protectionism

  • Demands for Open Markets


21

Uncertainty Governance

Framework Conditions


Oecd the oecd guidelines on multinationals

OECD The OECD Guidelines on Multinationals

  • 20006

  • 30 + //

  • OECD


21

OECDOECD


21

:

,

:


21

  • 1976

  • (ILO)

  • :

  • (1) 1980:

  • (2) 19801990:


21

(3) 1990:

OECD (MAI)

OECD

1998


21

OECD

  • (Concepts and principles)

  • (General policies)

  • (Disclosure)

  • (Employment and industrial relations)

  • (Environment)

  • (Combating bribery)

  • (Consumer interests)

  • (Science and technology)

  • (Competition)

  • (Taxation)


21


21

(National Contact Points)


21


21

OECD

value statementcodes of conduct


21


21


21

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)


21

?


21

  • :(EPS)

  • KPMG10510%

  • (INFORMS)89


21

(SRI)

(Eco-fund)

(environmental value fund)


21

    • 6950(1997) 14900(1999) 2300(2001)

    • 1.5

    • 50SRI

    • 19930(1989) 37(2000)

    • 0(1999)10(2001)


Benchmarks

Benchmarks

  • (DJSGI)

  • FTSE4GOOD

  • KLD-Nasdaq Social Index

  • Domini Social Index


Djsgi rating standards

DJSGI Rating Standards

Economy

  • BS 7799 (IT security)

  • ISO 9001

  • ECGN, IFAC (corporate governance)

Environment

  • EMAS

  • UNEP Top 50

  • (reporting)

  • ISO 14000

  • BS7750 (EMS)

  • CERES-GRI

  • ISO Guide 64 (product)

  • CEFIC (chemical industry)

  • GEMI (performance measurement

  • metrics)

  • WBCSD ( Eco-efficiency indicator)

  • Industry specific standards

Equity (everyone)

DJSGI

  • ILO Standards (human rights)

  • SA 8000

  • CERES

  • Amnesty International

  • OHSAS 18001

  • Fair Trade Federation

  • GRI

  • 92/241 EEC & Directive 96/34/EC

  • Industry specific standards

Triple Bottom Line


21

CONOCO

2001 Sustainable Growth Report

2000393

Understanding Sustainability


21

(BASD)

Business Action for Sustainable Development


21

:

:

:

:

Sustainability is the Opportunity

which we embrace

Responsibility is the Standard

by which we should expect to be judged

Accountability is the Obligation

which we assume

Partnership is the Pathway

which we pursue


21

Increased Expectations on Business

Corporate

Responsibility

(sustainable development)

Corporate

financial

responsibility

Corporate

environmental

responsibility

Corporate

Social

Responsibility


What is c orporate s ocial r esponsibility csr

What is Corporate Social Responsibility ?CSR

  • Core values

  • Human and worker rights

  • Community involvement

  • Social progress

  • Supplier relations

  • No single, universally acceptable definition

  • To do with:


21

ICC Business Charter for SD

(Business Charter for Sustainable Development)199011(the International Chamber of Commerce, ICC)1991ICC20

19914

(Business Charter for Sustainable Development)


21

Principles

  • Corporate priority

  • Integrated management

  • Process of improvement

  • Employee education

  • Prior assessment

  • Products and services

  • Customer advice

  • Facilities and operations

9. Research

10. Precautionary approach

11. Contractors and suppliers

12. Emergency preparedness

13. Transfer of technology

14. Contributing to the common effort

15. Openness to concerns

16. Compliance and reporting


21

The Global Sullivan Principles

Reverend Leon H. Sullivan19992(The Global Sullivan Principles)


21

(The Global Compact)

  • :

    - GRI (Global Reporting Initiative)

    - SA 8000

    - (Global Sullivan Principles)


21

Tomorrows eNews2001/10/31

(Association of British InsurersABI)ABIABIhttp://www.abi.org.uk


21

ISO

(Tomorrows eNews, 2001/9/19)

ISOISO 14000ISONils RingstedtISOISO20026


Global reporting initiative gri

CURRENT STATUS TRACK 2

Global Reporting Initiative (GRI)


21

Drivers toward Reporting

NEED for TRANSPARENCY

Financial Analysis

& Rating Agencies

Sustainablity

Investments

Company

Questionnaires

Other Stakeholders

Investors


21

You

Taiwan


21

Economic

Responsibility

Accountability

Profitability

Environmental

Social


21

For More Information

www.bcsd.org.tw

www.wbcsd.org


  • Login