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Unit 19. Talking About the Past 谈论过去. Mary and Xiaoyan had a party. Learn how to use the simple past tense Learn some common irregular verbs.

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Unit 19

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Unit 19

Talking About the Past

谈论过去


Mary and Xiaoyan had a party

  • Learn how to use the simple past tense

  • Learn some common irregular verbs


Language Focus一般过去时He played the piano in the class.He planned to go to the party.He were not at home yesterday.They didn’t have a good time.Did you go swimming yesterday?Was Polly at the party?Where did you go?When were you in the pub?


not …until…They didn’t turn up until 9.00 last night.a mess/to be in a messThe room is a real mess.My room’s in a mess.


Unit 20

Out in the Evening

夜生活


Xiaoyan and Polly see a film and then go out for a meal

  • Learn the simple present used for telling a story

  • Practise using although,but and because

  • Practise making and responding to suggestions

  • Learn how to use very and really


the use of anything,something and nothing

I’ve got nothing to do.

I haven’t got anything to do either.

形容词修饰Anything,something 和nothing等不定代词时应放在其后面.

I don’t want to watch anything sad.

I like something exciting like an adventure film.

Language Focus


连词although,but和because的用法Although the plot is weak, the action is really fantastic. The plot is weak ,although the action is really fantastic.It is very enjoyable,but it’s not a film to watch before bedtime.I like this film because the actors are very good and the plot is interesting.


提出建议

  • How about seeing this one?

  • What about dinner?

  • Why don’t we go to a restaurant?

  • Shall we have a sandwich?

  • Let’s do that.

  • ---ok./ok then/that’s a good idea/great.

  • ---I’d prefer to see a film.

  • ---I’d rather(not) go to the cinema.


用very和really修饰形容词

  • a very good job/a really good job

    a very funny film/a really funny film

  • 极限形容词只能和really搭配,不能用very修饰

    really great

    really amazing special effects

    really fantastic acting

    a really perfect film


Unit 21

The Music Scene

音乐场景


Mary’s band prepares for a performance

  • Learn some irregular verbs

  • Learn more about multi-word verbs

  • Practise different ways of talking about the future using will, going to and the present continuous.


短语动词

  • He came across the violin.

  • He brought the violin back.

  • She named her group after him.

  • She took part in a concert.

  • She got on well with the violin.

  • He pointed out that she needed a better violin.

  • He found out that she did not have a good violin.

  • She picked up the book.

  • She set up a band.


  • 现在进行时可以用来表示已经做好的安排

    I’m visiting my cousins in Australia later this year.

  • 用来表示预先计划好的事情,强调打算,计划性.

    I’m going to visit my cousins in Australia later this year.

  • 用来表示说话时即时决定做的事情,预先没有安排

    I’m hungry. I think I’ll make dinner.


Unit 22

Sport

体育运动


Xiaoyan learns about tennis

  • Learn some vocabulary relating to sport

  • Learn how to form the present perfect

  • Learn comparative and superlative adjectives

  • Learn how to use adverbs


Language Focus

动词play,go 和do与运动项目的搭配使用

  • play football/play ice hockey/play snooker/play a game

  • go running/ jogging/swimming/rowing

  • do gymnastics/Tai Chi/Kung Fu/karate/aerobics/athletics/the high jump


表示频度的词语

  • 频度副词Never,sometimes,often,usually,always, occasionally一般放在行为动词之前,动词宾语之后或句首

    I sometimes go swimming on Tuesday.

    Occasionally I go jogging.

  • every+表示时间的名词

    Every day/week/month/year

    Every morning/noon/afternoon/evening

  • 基数词+times+a+表示时间的名词

    Once a week/twice a day/three times a month/four times a year


形容词的比较级和最高级

  • 形容词比较级+than

  • the+形容词最高级

  • 单音节和部分双音节形容词词尾加-er或-est构成比较级和最高级.

  • 多音节在原级前面加more和most构成比较级和最高级.

  • 不规则变化

    good---better---best

    bad---worse---worst

    many/much---more---most


副词的种类位置

  • 时间副(already,still,now,before,today,last year):一般放在句首或句尾.

  • 地点副词(downstairs,there):通常放在句尾

  • 程度副词(really,very,quite):一般放在被修饰的形容词或副词之前.

  • 频度副词(ever,often,sometimes,never):一般放在行为动词之前,动词宾语之后或句首.

  • 方式副词(slowly,quickly,well,badly):一般放在动词(动词+宾语)之后.


现在完成时

  • 现在完成时的构成

    Have/has+动词的过去分词

  • 现在完成时的用法

    1.表示过去发生的动作或事情对现在或将来的影响或产生的结果.

    Have you eaten?

    2.表示某人的经历.

    I’ve been to Beijing.

  • 现在完成时与一般过去时的区别


Unit 23

Clothes

着装


Mary goes shopping

  • Learn vocabulary for clothes

  • Learn how to use several adjectives together in the same sentence

  • Review the use of the present continuous

  • Learn how to use the present perfect for events with a present relevance

  • Learn how to use possessive pronouns


多个形容词做修饰语时的位置

  • 长度,高度,形状等+颜色,性质,式样等+材料+物体.

    my long black silk skirt/a tall thin man

    your short cotton shirt /a little old car

  • 两种颜色之间用连接

    blue and white check trousers

  • 表示观点,判断的形容词往往放在最前面.

    例如:she wore a lovely blue dress.


  • 物主代词

    形容词性物主代词 名词性物主代词

    my mine

    your yours

    his his

    her hers

    our ours

    their theirs

    its ---

  • 其他表示所属的方法

    名词后加-’s:Mary’s

    名词是复数或以-s结尾,只加’: Charles’


Unit 25

Planning a Business Trip

筹划出差


David and Xiaoyan are going to Paris

  • Learn how to use have/get something done

  • Study the reflexive pronouns

  • Learn how to use expressions with either, neither and both

  • Learn how to report requests.


Have/get sth done

  • 主语+have 或get+宾语+过去分词

  • I’ve had the first page simplified.

  • I am having the TV repaired tomorrow.

  • I’ll have the colores improved.

  • have或 get前常用need to 或must.

  • I need to have the car fixed.

  • I must get some slides made.


Language Focus

  • 反身代词

  • 反身代词有单数和复数形式:

    单数:myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself

    复数:ourselves, yourselves, themselves

    I did it myself.

    Can you do that yourself or do you want me to do it for you?

    She cooked a meal for herself.


either, either or, either of

  • His name is either Richard or Roland.

  • Can either of you come to the meeting?

    neither, neither of, neither nor

  • It has neither conference rooms nor email facilities.

  • I like neither of these hotels .

    both, both of, both and

  • This modern hotel offers both luxury and convenience.

  • I like both of the two hotels.


Unit 26

Making Journeys

旅行


Paris for work and Scotland for pleasure

  • Study the present perfect

  • Learn to use by, until, after,before,while

  • Learn to use modal verbs

  • Learn to use anything,any one/anybody, anywhere,ect.

  • Learn prepositions showing movement


现在完成时与一般过去时的区别

  • She’s reserved rooms at the Concorde so we have rooms in Paris for tomorrow.

  • She’s collected my visa.

  • She collected them on her way to work this morning.

  • I spoke to Max in Paris last night.

  • I’ll finish them by 12.30.

  • I’m in a meeting until 1.00.

  • I can’t go until this evening.


情态动词+现在完成时表示对过去的推测

  • I/He must have left it in the café.

  • I/She should have put it in my bag.

  • I/They could have left it in a shop.

    before, after, while

    After they checked in, they went through to the departure lounge.

    Before they embarked, they had a coffee.

    While they were eating, they discussed the website.


表示移动的介词

  • He walked towards the door.

  • She walked across the road.

  • They ran along the beach.

  • They had a walk through the fields.

  • They went down the road.

  • They drove up the road.


Unit 27

The Past and the Future

过去与未来


Families and plans

  • Learn how to talk about habits and rountines in the past

  • Learn vocabulary for describing your family

  • Learn the first conditional with if

  • Learn how to use the different meanings of so.


  • to take after(与家中年长的人性格,长相)像

  • I take after my grandma. We both have blond hair and blue eyes.

  • to look like(外表)长得像

  • She looks like her mum. They have the same eyes.

  • She looks like her Aunty Mary.

  • to be like(性格或行为上)像

  • He is like his dad. He’s an optimist.

  • He’s like his mother, always rushing around.


  • used to:用来表示现在已经不存在的过去的习惯或常规.

  • Franco used to see his cousins almost every day, but he does not now.

  • I didn’t use to like London, but I do now.

  • Did you use to smoke? No, I didn’t.

  • for(表示一段时间)since(自从...)

  • How long has he lived in London? He’s lived here for three years.

  • I have been in Scotland since last Friday.


带有if的真实条件句

  • 带有的真实条件句表示可能的条件及其可能带来的结果.

  • If I buy it, the restaurant will be twice the size.

  • If I do it, you won’t be able to come here.

  • If I leave, I’ll be much happier.

  • If you make it bigger, will you change the name?


so的用法

  • I find my job so boring.

  • So if I do it, you won’t be able to come here.

  • I think I should keep the same name. Yes, so do I.

  • I want to buy the place next door so that I can expand it.


Unit 28

The Wedding

婚礼


Mary and Tim make their wedding plans

  • Use the present perfect

  • Practise using the simple past in contrast to the present perfect

  • Learn and practise vocabulary relating to holidays and weddings

  • Practise the first conditional


现在完成时的用法

  • (1)事情发生在过去,但着眼点在现在:

  • I’ve loaded the van.

  • Tim and Mary have discussed the holidays.

  • (2)过去的经历对现在产生的影响

  • I’ve played table tennis a lot.

  • Mary has not been on a package holiday.


与ever和never的连用

  • Have you ever been to Mexico?

  • Have they ever spoken to you about China?

  • I’ve never been Mexico.

  • He’s never heard of Bali.

  • I’ve just looked at the list.

  • I haven’t confirmed the reception yet.

  • I have seen the film already.


  • have been…have gone…

  • Xiaoyan’s been to Paris.

  • Xiaoyan’s gone to Paris.

  • 条件状语从句

  • Where can he sit if he wants to smoke?

  • How can I organise the plan if you don’t help me?

  • What will we do if she arrives late?


Unit 29

A Weekend Trip

周末旅行


Xiaoyan takes a break

  • Learn how to describe geographical location

  • Review giving advice

  • Practise how to ask and answer yes/no and wh-questions

  • Learn how to use the continuous past


Language focus

  • 描述方位

  • Chengdu is northwest of Chongqing.

  • Kunming is in the southwest of China.

  • Chongqing is on the Yangtze River.

  • Beijing is 1200 kilometers from Shanghai.

  • Beijing is an hour’s/a one-hour drive from Tianjin.


过去进行时

  • 构成:

    主语+(was, were)+动词的现在分词

  • 用法:

    过去进行时和一般过去时连用

    某事正在进行的过程中,发生了别的事情时,往往前者用过去进行时,后者用一般过去时.

    I was driving along the road when my car broke down.

    While she was waiting, her phone rang.


Unit 31

A New Job

新工作


Polly becomes a gardener

  • Learn and practise vocabulary relating to jobs and work

  • Use multi-word verbs

  • Use prepositions with verbs, nouns and adjectives.


Language focus

动词worry的用法

  • to be worried + about

    Polly is worried about her lack of experience.

    John is ill. I am worried about him.

  • to worry +直接宾语

    This problem worries me a lot.

    Relax. Don’t let it worry you.


与动词,名词或形容词连用的介词在疑问句中的位置(紧随与其连用的词之后)

  • What are they interested in?

  • What has he got experience in?

  • Who were you talking about?

  • What are you worried about?


Unit 32

Things Go Wrong

遭遇不幸


Tim’s flat is broken into

  • Learn to use the infinitive to express purpose

  • Revise enough with to and with for

  • Learn the passive

  • Study the structures see sb doing sth and see sb do sth.

  • Learn how to report speech


动词不定式(表目的)

  • I went to Paris to discuss the changes.

  • We need someone to do the work.

    下面两种方式也可以用来表示目的:

    enough+名词+to+动词

    enough+名词+for+名词

  • We have enough money to make changes.

  • We have enough money for the changes.


被动语态的用法

  • The cleaner cleans this room every day.

  • This room is cleaned every day.

  • The boss pays the staff on Fridays.

  • The staff are paid on Fridays.

    see sb doing sth(看见动作的一部分)

    see sb do sth(看见动作的全过程)

    I saw him loading the van.(我看见他在装车)

    I saw him load the van.(我看见他装车了)


直接音语和间接音语

  • Tim said: “I am waiting upstairs.”

  • Tim said that he was waiting upstairs.

  • Tim said: “We need evidence.”

  • Tim said that they needed evidence.

  • Susan asked, “How do you like the play?”

  • Susan asked how I likedthat play.

  • Can I talk to Mr Timson?

  • The police officer asked if she could talk to Mr Timson?


祈使句

  • Get out!

  • Don’t let it worry you.

  • Don’t worry. I’ll soon be all right.


Unit 33

The New Restaurant

新餐馆


Franco expands his business

  • Review adverbs with the present perfect

  • Learn how to use question tags

  • Learn and practise using the second conditional for imaginary situations

  • Learn how to report questions


反意疑问句

  • 反意疑问句是由陈述句及其后面的简略疑问句构成.若前面为肯定,后面用否定;前面为否定,后面为肯定.

  • He isn’t 16, is he?

  • You have a son, haven’t you?

  • She should have a rest, shouldn’t she?

  • You will be here tomorrow, won’t you?

  • We need some salad too, don’t we?

  • Let’s go to the cinema, shall we?

  • I’m the next, aren’t I?


与现在或将来情况相反的虚拟条件句

  • If I had the money, I’d (I would) have Italian tiles.

  • If I won the lottery, I’d buy a flat.

  • If I were you, I would go to school.

  • If she had the money, she’d buy a ring.


间接疑问句

  • 如果将问题以第三者的口气转述出来,就变成了间接疑问句.

  • When will the work be completed?

  • The reporter asked when the work would be completed?

  • What do you think of it?

  • He asked me what I thought of it?

  • Are you pleased with the opening evening?

  • The reporter asked if/whether Franco was pleased with the opening evening?


介词词组in spite of, apart from, except for

  • In spite of the unfinished work, we are opening.

  • Except for Franco, they all ate at 9 o’clock. He ate at 10.00.

  • Apart from being slow, he’s not too bad really.


Unit 34

Changes

发生变化


Xiaoyan gets ready to leave

  • Practise using modal verbs to express obligation

  • Learn to express degrees of certainty

  • Learn about attributive clauses.


have to和must用来表示义务和责任

  • I must buy presents for my English friends.(外部因素决定的义务)

  • I have to move out of my flat on Friday.(说话人自己的决定或感觉,更强调主观因素)

  • I really must buy presents for my English friends.

  • He said that he really had to leave very early the other day.


mustn’t 和don’t have to

  • musn’t用来表示不允许做某事

  • You musn’t smoke here because they sell petrol.

  • 表示不必要做某事,或者没有义务做谋事.

  • You don’t have to pay for that. It’s free.


定语从句

  • 限定性定语从句(不可缺少)

  • The caterers who do meals for us at work are good.

  • He’s the man that gave me the documents.

  • 非限定性定语从句(可以省略)

  • The caterers Johnson’s, who are just round the corner, are very good.

  • The accounts, which are in a bit of a mess, have to be ready for next month.


Unit 35

New Experiences

新的体验


非限定性定语从句

  • They are in a mess because Karen and Robert, who do all the designing, are not at all good at keeping accounts.

  • The plan are then drawn, after which she is responsible for negotiating the price with the customer.


Polly, Mary, Tim and Xiaoyan all talk about their new experiences

  • Learn about non-defining attributive clauses

  • Learn how to form opposites using prefixes

  • Practise the –ing form of verbs

  • Learn more about neither, nor and not…either

  • Learn more ways to emphasise words and meaning.


neither, nor, not…either和so的用法

  • I can’t remember his address and neither (nor) can my life.

  • I can’t remember his address and my wife can’t (remember) either.

  • He thought it would be a good idea, and so do I/and I do too.

  • I’ve got a new bike and so has she/and she has too.


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