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Unit 19. Talking About the Past 谈论过去. Mary and Xiaoyan had a party. Learn how to use the simple past tense Learn some common irregular verbs.

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Unit 19 l.jpg

Unit 19

Talking About the Past

谈论过去


Mary and xiaoyan had a party l.jpg

Mary and Xiaoyan had a party

  • Learn how to use the simple past tense

  • Learn some common irregular verbs


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Language Focus一般过去时He played the piano in the class.He planned to go to the party.He were not at home yesterday.They didn’t have a good time.Did you go swimming yesterday?Was Polly at the party?Where did you go?When were you in the pub?


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not …until…They didn’t turn up until 9.00 last night.a mess/to be in a messThe room is a real mess.My room’s in a mess.


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Unit 20

Out in the Evening

夜生活


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Xiaoyan and Polly see a film and then go out for a meal

  • Learn the simple present used for telling a story

  • Practise using although,but and because

  • Practise making and responding to suggestions

  • Learn how to use very and really


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the use of anything,something and nothing

I’ve got nothing to do.

I haven’t got anything to do either.

形容词修饰Anything,something 和nothing等不定代词时应放在其后面.

I don’t want to watch anything sad.

I like something exciting like an adventure film.

Language Focus


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连词although,but和because的用法Although the plot is weak, the action is really fantastic. The plot is weak ,although the action is really fantastic.It is very enjoyable,but it’s not a film to watch before bedtime.I like this film because the actors are very good and the plot is interesting.


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提出建议

  • How about seeing this one?

  • What about dinner?

  • Why don’t we go to a restaurant?

  • Shall we have a sandwich?

  • Let’s do that.

  • ---ok./ok then/that’s a good idea/great.

  • ---I’d prefer to see a film.

  • ---I’d rather(not) go to the cinema.


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用very和really修饰形容词

  • a very good job/a really good job

    a very funny film/a really funny film

  • 极限形容词只能和really搭配,不能用very修饰

    really great

    really amazing special effects

    really fantastic acting

    a really perfect film


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Unit 21

The Music Scene

音乐场景


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Mary’s band prepares for a performance

  • Learn some irregular verbs

  • Learn more about multi-word verbs

  • Practise different ways of talking about the future using will, going to and the present continuous.


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短语动词

  • He came across the violin.

  • He brought the violin back.

  • She named her group after him.

  • She took part in a concert.

  • She got on well with the violin.

  • He pointed out that she needed a better violin.

  • He found out that she did not have a good violin.

  • She picked up the book.

  • She set up a band.


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  • 现在进行时可以用来表示已经做好的安排

    I’m visiting my cousins in Australia later this year.

  • 用来表示预先计划好的事情,强调打算,计划性.

    I’m going to visit my cousins in Australia later this year.

  • 用来表示说话时即时决定做的事情,预先没有安排

    I’m hungry. I think I’ll make dinner.


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Unit 22

Sport

体育运动


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Xiaoyan learns about tennis

  • Learn some vocabulary relating to sport

  • Learn how to form the present perfect

  • Learn comparative and superlative adjectives

  • Learn how to use adverbs


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Language Focus

动词play,go 和do与运动项目的搭配使用

  • play football/play ice hockey/play snooker/play a game

  • go running/ jogging/swimming/rowing

  • do gymnastics/Tai Chi/Kung Fu/karate/aerobics/athletics/the high jump


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表示频度的词语

  • 频度副词Never,sometimes,often,usually,always, occasionally一般放在行为动词之前,动词宾语之后或句首

    I sometimes go swimming on Tuesday.

    Occasionally I go jogging.

  • every+表示时间的名词

    Every day/week/month/year

    Every morning/noon/afternoon/evening

  • 基数词+times+a+表示时间的名词

    Once a week/twice a day/three times a month/four times a year


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形容词的比较级和最高级

  • 形容词比较级+than

  • the+形容词最高级

  • 单音节和部分双音节形容词词尾加-er或-est构成比较级和最高级.

  • 多音节在原级前面加more和most构成比较级和最高级.

  • 不规则变化

    good---better---best

    bad---worse---worst

    many/much---more---most


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副词的种类位置

  • 时间副(already,still,now,before,today,last year):一般放在句首或句尾.

  • 地点副词(downstairs,there):通常放在句尾

  • 程度副词(really,very,quite):一般放在被修饰的形容词或副词之前.

  • 频度副词(ever,often,sometimes,never):一般放在行为动词之前,动词宾语之后或句首.

  • 方式副词(slowly,quickly,well,badly):一般放在动词(动词+宾语)之后.


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现在完成时

  • 现在完成时的构成

    Have/has+动词的过去分词

  • 现在完成时的用法

    1.表示过去发生的动作或事情对现在或将来的影响或产生的结果.

    Have you eaten?

    2.表示某人的经历.

    I’ve been to Beijing.

  • 现在完成时与一般过去时的区别


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Unit 23

Clothes

着装


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Mary goes shopping

  • Learn vocabulary for clothes

  • Learn how to use several adjectives together in the same sentence

  • Review the use of the present continuous

  • Learn how to use the present perfect for events with a present relevance

  • Learn how to use possessive pronouns


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多个形容词做修饰语时的位置

  • 长度,高度,形状等+颜色,性质,式样等+材料+物体.

    my long black silk skirt/a tall thin man

    your short cotton shirt /a little old car

  • 两种颜色之间用连接

    blue and white check trousers

  • 表示观点,判断的形容词往往放在最前面.

    例如:she wore a lovely blue dress.


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  • 物主代词

    形容词性物主代词 名词性物主代词

    my mine

    your yours

    his his

    her hers

    our ours

    their theirs

    its ---

  • 其他表示所属的方法

    名词后加-’s:Mary’s

    名词是复数或以-s结尾,只加’: Charles’


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Unit 25

Planning a Business Trip

筹划出差


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David and Xiaoyan are going to Paris

  • Learn how to use have/get something done

  • Study the reflexive pronouns

  • Learn how to use expressions with either, neither and both

  • Learn how to report requests.


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Have/get sth done

  • 主语+have 或get+宾语+过去分词

  • I’ve had the first page simplified.

  • I am having the TV repaired tomorrow.

  • I’ll have the colores improved.

  • have或 get前常用need to 或must.

  • I need to have the car fixed.

  • I must get some slides made.


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Language Focus

  • 反身代词

  • 反身代词有单数和复数形式:

    单数:myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself

    复数:ourselves, yourselves, themselves

    I did it myself.

    Can you do that yourself or do you want me to do it for you?

    She cooked a meal for herself.


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either, either or, either of

  • His name is either Richard or Roland.

  • Can either of you come to the meeting?

    neither, neither of, neither nor

  • It has neither conference rooms nor email facilities.

  • I like neither of these hotels .

    both, both of, both and

  • This modern hotel offers both luxury and convenience.

  • I like both of the two hotels.


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Unit 26

Making Journeys

旅行


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Paris for work and Scotland for pleasure

  • Study the present perfect

  • Learn to use by, until, after,before,while

  • Learn to use modal verbs

  • Learn to use anything,any one/anybody, anywhere,ect.

  • Learn prepositions showing movement


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现在完成时与一般过去时的区别

  • She’s reserved rooms at the Concorde so we have rooms in Paris for tomorrow.

  • She’s collected my visa.

  • She collected them on her way to work this morning.

  • I spoke to Max in Paris last night.

  • I’ll finish them by 12.30.

  • I’m in a meeting until 1.00.

  • I can’t go until this evening.


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情态动词+现在完成时表示对过去的推测

  • I/He must have left it in the café.

  • I/She should have put it in my bag.

  • I/They could have left it in a shop.

    before, after, while

    After they checked in, they went through to the departure lounge.

    Before they embarked, they had a coffee.

    While they were eating, they discussed the website.


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表示移动的介词

  • He walked towards the door.

  • She walked across the road.

  • They ran along the beach.

  • They had a walk through the fields.

  • They went down the road.

  • They drove up the road.


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Unit 27

The Past and the Future

过去与未来


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Families and plans

  • Learn how to talk about habits and rountines in the past

  • Learn vocabulary for describing your family

  • Learn the first conditional with if

  • Learn how to use the different meanings of so.


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  • to take after(与家中年长的人性格,长相)像

  • I take after my grandma. We both have blond hair and blue eyes.

  • to look like(外表)长得像

  • She looks like her mum. They have the same eyes.

  • She looks like her Aunty Mary.

  • to be like(性格或行为上)像

  • He is like his dad. He’s an optimist.

  • He’s like his mother, always rushing around.


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  • used to:用来表示现在已经不存在的过去的习惯或常规.

  • Franco used to see his cousins almost every day, but he does not now.

  • I didn’t use to like London, but I do now.

  • Did you use to smoke? No, I didn’t.

  • for(表示一段时间)since(自从...)

  • How long has he lived in London? He’s lived here for three years.

  • I have been in Scotland since last Friday.


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带有if的真实条件句

  • 带有的真实条件句表示可能的条件及其可能带来的结果.

  • If I buy it, the restaurant will be twice the size.

  • If I do it, you won’t be able to come here.

  • If I leave, I’ll be much happier.

  • If you make it bigger, will you change the name?


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so的用法

  • I find my job so boring.

  • So if I do it, you won’t be able to come here.

  • I think I should keep the same name. Yes, so do I.

  • I want to buy the place next door so that I can expand it.


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Unit 28

The Wedding

婚礼


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Mary and Tim make their wedding plans

  • Use the present perfect

  • Practise using the simple past in contrast to the present perfect

  • Learn and practise vocabulary relating to holidays and weddings

  • Practise the first conditional


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现在完成时的用法

  • (1)事情发生在过去,但着眼点在现在:

  • I’ve loaded the van.

  • Tim and Mary have discussed the holidays.

  • (2)过去的经历对现在产生的影响

  • I’ve played table tennis a lot.

  • Mary has not been on a package holiday.


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与ever和never的连用

  • Have you ever been to Mexico?

  • Have they ever spoken to you about China?

  • I’ve never been Mexico.

  • He’s never heard of Bali.

  • I’ve just looked at the list.

  • I haven’t confirmed the reception yet.

  • I have seen the film already.


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  • have been…have gone…

  • Xiaoyan’s been to Paris.

  • Xiaoyan’s gone to Paris.

  • 条件状语从句

  • Where can he sit if he wants to smoke?

  • How can I organise the plan if you don’t help me?

  • What will we do if she arrives late?


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Unit 29

A Weekend Trip

周末旅行


Xiaoyan takes a break l.jpg

Xiaoyan takes a break

  • Learn how to describe geographical location

  • Review giving advice

  • Practise how to ask and answer yes/no and wh-questions

  • Learn how to use the continuous past


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Language focus

  • 描述方位

  • Chengdu is northwest of Chongqing.

  • Kunming is in the southwest of China.

  • Chongqing is on the Yangtze River.

  • Beijing is 1200 kilometers from Shanghai.

  • Beijing is an hour’s/a one-hour drive from Tianjin.


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过去进行时

  • 构成:

    主语+(was, were)+动词的现在分词

  • 用法:

    过去进行时和一般过去时连用

    某事正在进行的过程中,发生了别的事情时,往往前者用过去进行时,后者用一般过去时.

    I was driving along the road when my car broke down.

    While she was waiting, her phone rang.


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Unit 31

A New Job

新工作


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Polly becomes a gardener

  • Learn and practise vocabulary relating to jobs and work

  • Use multi-word verbs

  • Use prepositions with verbs, nouns and adjectives.


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Language focus

动词worry的用法

  • to be worried + about

    Polly is worried about her lack of experience.

    John is ill. I am worried about him.

  • to worry +直接宾语

    This problem worries me a lot.

    Relax. Don’t let it worry you.


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与动词,名词或形容词连用的介词在疑问句中的位置(紧随与其连用的词之后)

  • What are they interested in?

  • What has he got experience in?

  • Who were you talking about?

  • What are you worried about?


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Unit 32

Things Go Wrong

遭遇不幸


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Tim’s flat is broken into

  • Learn to use the infinitive to express purpose

  • Revise enough with to and with for

  • Learn the passive

  • Study the structures see sb doing sth and see sb do sth.

  • Learn how to report speech


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动词不定式(表目的)

  • I went to Paris to discuss the changes.

  • We need someone to do the work.

    下面两种方式也可以用来表示目的:

    enough+名词+to+动词

    enough+名词+for+名词

  • We have enough money to make changes.

  • We have enough money for the changes.


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被动语态的用法

  • The cleaner cleans this room every day.

  • This room is cleaned every day.

  • The boss pays the staff on Fridays.

  • The staff are paid on Fridays.

    see sb doing sth(看见动作的一部分)

    see sb do sth(看见动作的全过程)

    I saw him loading the van.(我看见他在装车)

    I saw him load the van.(我看见他装车了)


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直接音语和间接音语

  • Tim said: “I am waiting upstairs.”

  • Tim said that he was waiting upstairs.

  • Tim said: “We need evidence.”

  • Tim said that they needed evidence.

  • Susan asked, “How do you like the play?”

  • Susan asked how I likedthat play.

  • Can I talk to Mr Timson?

  • The police officer asked if she could talk to Mr Timson?


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祈使句

  • Get out!

  • Don’t let it worry you.

  • Don’t worry. I’ll soon be all right.


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Unit 33

The New Restaurant

新餐馆


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Franco expands his business

  • Review adverbs with the present perfect

  • Learn how to use question tags

  • Learn and practise using the second conditional for imaginary situations

  • Learn how to report questions


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反意疑问句

  • 反意疑问句是由陈述句及其后面的简略疑问句构成.若前面为肯定,后面用否定;前面为否定,后面为肯定.

  • He isn’t 16, is he?

  • You have a son, haven’t you?

  • She should have a rest, shouldn’t she?

  • You will be here tomorrow, won’t you?

  • We need some salad too, don’t we?

  • Let’s go to the cinema, shall we?

  • I’m the next, aren’t I?


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与现在或将来情况相反的虚拟条件句

  • If I had the money, I’d (I would) have Italian tiles.

  • If I won the lottery, I’d buy a flat.

  • If I were you, I would go to school.

  • If she had the money, she’d buy a ring.


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间接疑问句

  • 如果将问题以第三者的口气转述出来,就变成了间接疑问句.

  • When will the work be completed?

  • The reporter asked when the work would be completed?

  • What do you think of it?

  • He asked me what I thought of it?

  • Are you pleased with the opening evening?

  • The reporter asked if/whether Franco was pleased with the opening evening?


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介词词组in spite of, apart from, except for

  • In spite of the unfinished work, we are opening.

  • Except for Franco, they all ate at 9 o’clock. He ate at 10.00.

  • Apart from being slow, he’s not too bad really.


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Unit 34

Changes

发生变化


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Xiaoyan gets ready to leave

  • Practise using modal verbs to express obligation

  • Learn to express degrees of certainty

  • Learn about attributive clauses.


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have to和must用来表示义务和责任

  • I must buy presents for my English friends.(外部因素决定的义务)

  • I have to move out of my flat on Friday.(说话人自己的决定或感觉,更强调主观因素)

  • I really must buy presents for my English friends.

  • He said that he really had to leave very early the other day.


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mustn’t 和don’t have to

  • musn’t用来表示不允许做某事

  • You musn’t smoke here because they sell petrol.

  • 表示不必要做某事,或者没有义务做谋事.

  • You don’t have to pay for that. It’s free.


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定语从句

  • 限定性定语从句(不可缺少)

  • The caterers who do meals for us at work are good.

  • He’s the man that gave me the documents.

  • 非限定性定语从句(可以省略)

  • The caterers Johnson’s, who are just round the corner, are very good.

  • The accounts, which are in a bit of a mess, have to be ready for next month.


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Unit 35

New Experiences

新的体验


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非限定性定语从句

  • They are in a mess because Karen and Robert, who do all the designing, are not at all good at keeping accounts.

  • The plan are then drawn, after which she is responsible for negotiating the price with the customer.


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Polly, Mary, Tim and Xiaoyan all talk about their new experiences

  • Learn about non-defining attributive clauses

  • Learn how to form opposites using prefixes

  • Practise the –ing form of verbs

  • Learn more about neither, nor and not…either

  • Learn more ways to emphasise words and meaning.


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neither, nor, not…either和so的用法

  • I can’t remember his address and neither (nor) can my life.

  • I can’t remember his address and my wife can’t (remember) either.

  • He thought it would be a good idea, and so do I/and I do too.

  • I’ve got a new bike and so has she/and she has too.


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