status of the monkeypox mpxv outbreak in the united states
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Status of the Monkeypox (MPXV) Outbreak in the United States

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 14

Status of the - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 265 Views
  • Uploaded on

Status of the Monkeypox (MPXV) Outbreak in the United States. PAHO Communicable Disease Unit. The etiological agent belongs to Family: Poxviridae Genus: Orthopoxvirus It shares genetic and biological properties with the smallbox and vaccinia viruses.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Status of the ' - sandra_john


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
general information on mpxv
The etiological agent belongs to

Family: Poxviridae

Genus: Orthopoxvirus

It shares genetic and biological properties with the smallbox and vaccinia viruses.

Vaccination against smallpox will provide (at least partial) protection against monkeypox.

Prior to this outbreak in the USA, the virus had been identified only in Africa.

General Information on MPXV
slide3

Smallpox and Its Eradication

Source: Fenner, F. et al. (1988) Smallpox and Its Eradication. Geneva: World Health Organization (WHO).

general information on mpxv4
General Information on MPXV
  • Zoonosis: A virus of rodents and monkeys.
  • Human transmissionby handling or being bitten by an infected animal.
  • Incubation period: 7–21 days.
  • Fatality of 1-10%.
  • Person-to-person transmission relatively inefficient.
general information on mpxv cont d
General Information on MPXV (cont’d)
  • Clinical profile similar to that of smallpox.
    • Rash (exanthema)
      • Stain, papule, vesicule, pustule, crust.
    • Fever
    • Respiratory symptoms
    • Lymphodenopathy
    • Sweating
    • Chills
    • Headache
distribution of mpxv cases in the usa
Distribution of MPXV Cases in the USA

(SE 25/2003)

Source:MMWR 52 (23), CDC, 2003.

distribution of mpxv cases in the usa cont d
Distribution of MPXV Cases in the USA (cont’d)

WI

OH

IL

IN

KS

MO

Number of cases = 87

WI = 38

IN = 24

IL = 19

OH = 4

KS = 1

MO = 1

Source: MMWR 52 (23), CDC, 2003.

slide9

Wild Animals Involved in MPXV Transmission (USA, 2003)

Gambian Giant Rat

(Crycetomys sp.)

Prairie Dog

(Cynomis sp.)

slide10

Entry and Distribution Route of Crycetomys sp. and Cynomys sp. Involved in MPXV Outbreak (USA, 2003)

WI

IA

15/4

IL*

15/4

TX

*Prairie dogs (Cynomys sp.) enter into contact with Gambian Giant Rats (Crycetomys sp.)

09/04

Ghana

Source: MMWR 52 (23), CDC, 2003.

current status of outbreak in usa
Current Status of Outbreak in USA
  • Investigation underway.
  • 87 probable cases reported in 6 states.
  • 20 laboratory-confirmed cases.
  • Clinical cases are apparently less severe than those described in Africa.
  • Preventive measures put into place
    • isolation, individual protection
current status of outbreak in usa12
Current Status of Outbreak in USA
  • Smallpox vaccination.
    • Health professionals
    • Contacts
      • Infected animals
      • Suspected clinical cases
  • Ban on importation of rodents from Africa.
  • Ban on commercial and interstate pet transport (rodents).
paho action
PAHO Action
  • Information distributed via the listservers of the main Regional Surveillance Networks: RECACER (Central America), Amazon Network, Southern Cone Network
    • Preliminary research findings from the USA.
    • Clinical and epidemiological description to support surveillance activities.
  • Risk of introducing MPKV into Chile identified.
risk of introducing mpxv into chile
Risk of Introducing MPXV into Chile
  • On 9 June 2003, PAHO informed by CDC that the Texas animal dealer had exported three prairie dogs to Chile.
  • Chilean authorities immediately informed by the PAHO Country Representative.
  • Animals identified and put into quarantine.
  • Protective measures taken.
  • The animals are and continue to be healthy.
  • Samples sent to CDC.
ad