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SE470 – Spring 2003. SCRUM - an agile software development methodology. Scott Mikneus Anthonia Akinde. Introduction to SCRUM. Scrum is an Agile Software Development Process. Scrum is not an acronym

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Scrum an agile software development methodology

SE470 – Spring 2003

SCRUM -an agile software development methodology

Scott Mikneus

Anthonia Akinde

Introduction to scrum
Introduction to SCRUM

  • Scrum is an Agile Software Development Process.

  • Scrum is not an acronym

  • name taken from the sport of Rugby, where everyone in the team pack acts together to move the ball down the field

  • analogy to development is the team works together to successfully develop quality software

Introduction to scrum cont
Introduction to SCRUM (cont.)

  • Jeff Sutherland (a guru) states:

    • “Scrum assumes that the systems development process is an unpredictable, complicated process that can only be roughly described as an overall progression.”

    • “Scrum is an enhancement of the commonly used iterative/incremental object-oriented development cycle”

Historical background
Historical Background

  • Jeff Sutherland

    • first person to apply concepts of Scrum to software development in 1993

  • A variation of Sashimi

    • Japanese designed an all at once approach after their bad experiences with Waterfall

  • The initial use of the word "Scrum" was used in 1987 to describe time-boxed, self-organizing, teams in product development

Historical background cont
Historical Background (cont.)

  • Jeff Sutherland and Ken Schwaber

    • collaborated to define the process through 1995. In 1996 wrote the seminal article for Scrum Software Development process

    • jointly used and improved Scrum at a variety of software development organizations from 1996 until now

    • now promoting the idea of certifying ScrumMasters

Description overview
Description Overview

  • Scrum is named after the game of Rugby in which a group is responsible for picking up the ball and moving it forward.

  • It is an iterative, incremental process for developing any product or managing any work.

  • Scrum focuses on the entire organization for its implementation to be a success.

Description overview cont
Description Overview (cont.)

  • Scrum principles include:

    • Quality work: empowers everyone involved to be feel good about their job.

    • Assume Simplicity: Scrum is a way to detect and cause removal of anything that gets in the way of development.

    • Embracing Change: Team based approach to development where requirements are rapidly changing.

    • Incremental changes: Scrum makes this possible using sprints where a team is able to deliver a product (iteration) deliverable within 30 days.

Description components
Description Components

  • Roles:

    • Scrum Master

    • Developer

    • QA

    • Documentation member

    • Project manager

Description components cont
Description Components (cont.)

  • Processes:

  • Pregame

  • Planning and Architecture:

  • - Identify project

  • - Prioritizing functional requirements

  • - Identify resources available

  • - Establishing the target environment

Description components cont1
Description Components (cont.)

  • Processes:

  • Game

  • Sprints:- lasts for 30 days

  • - Analysis, Design, Develop

  • - Testing (this happens throughout sprint)

  • - Review

  • - Adjust

  • Postgame

  • - Closure (this includes delivering a functioning deliverable, sign-off, start next sprint.

Description components cont2
Description Components (cont.)

  • Values:

    • Flexible deliverable

    • Flexible schedule

    • Small teams

    • Frequent reviews

    • Collaboration

    • Team Empowerment

    • Adaptability

Description advantages
Description Advantages

  • Extreme value - reduces risk in ROI

  • Supports business value driven S/W Dev.

  • Control of very complex process of product development

  • Allows Developers to focus on delivering a usable functionality to the client

  • Generates productivity improvements by implementing a framework that empowers teams and thrives on change

  • Insists that the Client prioritize required functionality.

  • Ability to respond to the unpredictable in any project requirements.

Description advantages cont
Description Advantages (cont.)

  • Flexibility

  • Knowledge sharing between Developers

  • Collective ownership

  • OO technology

Description disadvantages
Description Disadvantages

  • Scrum is not effective for small projects

  • Expensive to implement

  • Training is required

Usage guidelines when to use
Usage Guidelines – When to use

  • requirements are not clearly defined.

  • work is delivered in increments

  • work is measured and controlled

  • productivity is maximized by applying known technologies

  • organizations are willing to do anything and everything for a project to succeed

  • project is important and no one has confidence that any existing approach will work.

  • control and management is Empirical

Usage guidelines when to avoid
Usage Guidelines – When to avoid

  • there isn’t a flexible environment

  • corporate culture isn’t conducive to this of development environment

  • teams of developers are more than 10. Six is ideal.

  • Cost is a major issue

  • No management support

  • No formal training available

Usage guidelines implementation
Usage Guidelines – Implementation

  • Need for an extra member just in case an active member is absent, the documentation member substitutes

  • Location: Although not impossible, its hard to implement Scrum when all team members are not in the same location

  • Non-Supportive management

  • Cost

  • Lack of Customer Involvement

  • Collective ownership

  • Isolation of sprint team

Scrum and cmm
Scrum and CMM

  • CMM advocates Repeated Defined problems, solutions, Developers and organizational environment.

  • Scrum says that this is not entirely possible because developers change from one project to another.

  • Scrum assumes that the development process is always empirical and not defined.

  • Scrum says uncertainties are impossible to measure, therefore, looks beyond the repeatable /defined approach

Marketplace analysis key players gurus
Marketplace Analysis – Key players/Gurus

  • Jeff Sutherland

    • one of the co-developers of the Scrum process. Jeff invented many of the first ideas and practices for Scrum. Owner of the website:

  • Ken Schwaber

    • one of the co-developers of the Scrum process. Co-author of the book Agile software Development with Scrum.

  • Mike Beedle

    • owner of e-Architects Inc., a technical and management consulting company that specializes in adaptive software development. Co-author of the book Agile software Development with Scrum.

Marketplace analysis organizations
Marketplace Analysis – Organizations

  • Agile Alliance

    • website states: “The AgileAlliance is a non-profit organization dedicated to promoting the concepts of agile software development, and helping organizations adopt those concepts.”

  • Object Mentor, Inc.

    • Website “The Object Mentor mission is to provide the technical and business leadership that helps our customers get their projects done”

  • ADM Advanced Development Methodologies

    • a 15 year-old process development company that develops processes, provides process consulting to its customers, and develops tools to support the use of these processes

Marketplace analysis products
Marketplace Analysis – Products


    • offers certification to become ScrumMaster

    • Website states: Attendees will be thoroughly trained in the Scrum methodology and software.

    • Upon successful completion, each attendee will become a Certified ScrumMaster and receive an individual license to the methodology and software.

Marketplace analysis products cont
Marketplace Analysis – Products (cont.)


    • cost for a session is $500

    • The description of their product

      • “Scrum is a suite of products for Agile software development. Scrum’s iterative, incremental practices allow development teams to rapidly deliver functionality to customers.”

Market data forecasts
Market Data / Forecasts

  • Advanced Development Methods (ADM)

    • involved in the certification of ScrumMasters and they have certified 50 ScrumMasters to date.

  • Specific statistics could not be found on how quickly Scrum is being adapted

  • Some companies that have implemented Scrum successfully:

    • Borland, Canon, Easel Corporation, Elementrix Technologies, Fujitsu, Honda, and Nike Securities in Chicago


  • Scrum offers:

    • a high degree of flexibility

    • promises a high probability of success

  • Scrum benefits:

    • an anticipating culture

    • increases the sense of urgency

    • promotes the sharing of knowledge

    • encourages dense communications

    • facilitates honesty among developers


  • We recommend Scrum as an adaptive and flexible development methodology that creates a culture of communication, knowledge sharing and teamwork within an organization.


  • Schwaber, Ken and Mike Beedle. Agile software Development with Scrum. Prentice Hall, 2002.

  • Sutherland, Jeff. “Inventing and Reinventing Scrum in five companies”, 21 September 2001







The end
The End.

  • Thank you

  • Questions or comments