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EU as a Domain for Library and Information Science (LIS) Bobcatsss 2003 Elisabet Sinding Associate Professor Royal School of Library and Information Science Department of Information Studies 6 Birketinget , DK-2300 Copenhagen S. Denmark. www.db.dk/es es@db.dk.

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EU as a Domain for Library and Information Science (LIS)Bobcatsss 2003Elisabet SindingAssociate ProfessorRoyal School of Library and Information ScienceDepartment of Information Studies6 Birketinget , DK-2300 Copenhagen S. Denmark. www.db.dk/eses@db.dk


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EuropaSider.dk - www.europasider.dk

  • The navigation bars:1. EU politics

  • 2. EU institutions3. EU external relations

  • 4. EU sources5. EU debate

  • 6. Danish EU administration7. A standard reference book about Danish politics

  • 8. About the subject guide


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EuropaSider.dk - www.europasider.dk

  • Inside the subject fields the links and documents have

  • a firm structure:

  • Servers and institutions (EU institutions)

  • EU programs (EU institutions)

  • Papers

  • Danish EU administration

  • Organizations

  • Articles and journals

  • Research institutions, media and links


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From LIS practice to a theoretical LIS focus

  • The UNISIST model (UNISIST Report, 1971)

  • The domain-analytic approach in Information Science (IS) (Hjørland 1993 and 2002)


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UNISIST model

  • Generalized model

  • Domain specific characteristics or technical innovations is

  • not portrayed

  • (UNISIST Report, 1971)


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The domain-analytic approach in Information Science (IS)

  • 11 approaches

  • Producing literature guides or subject gateways

  • Constructing special classifications and thesauri

  • Indexing and retrieving specialities

  • Empirical user studies

  • Bibliometrical studies

  • Historical studies

  • Document and genre studies

  • Epistemological and critical studies

  • Terminological studies, language for special purpose (LSP), database semantics and discourse studies

  • Structures and institutions in scientific communication

  • Scientific cognition, expert knowledge and artificial intelligence (AI)

  • (Hjørland 2002)


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EU as a domain combined with the UNISIST model

  • EU as a knowledge producing domain, e.g. Area Studies, withown journals and information systems

  • Knowledge producers:the authors in journal and and other documents reporting European Area Studies

  • Readers: the knowledge users

  • Intermediary institutionsdatabases, publishers, libraries, and processes: information services


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EU as a domain

  • EU as a knowledge producing domain, e.g. part of Area Studies, with own journals and information systems

  • EU as part of many other disciplines e.g. law, economics, administrative studies, history, with their disciplinary journals and information systems


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EU as a knowledge producing domain combined with the UNISIST model

  • Primary source:scholarly knowledge and insights in a subject field.

  • Secondary source:abstracting and indexing servicesbibliographies, library catalogues etc.

  • Tertiary sources:consolidates, collects and synthesizes the primary documents.


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EU as knowledge producercombined with the UNISIST model

  • Primary source:the EU law produced by EU

  • Secondary source:abstracting and indexing servicesbibliographies, library catalogues etc. mainly produced by EU

  • Tertiary sources:booklets, fatct sheets, summaries of law bodies etc., mainly produced by EU

  • InternetMany websites maintained by the EU institutions include all tree type of sources


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Revised UNISIST model

  • The punctured ellipse symbolize a scientific discipline

  • The boundary of a domain is not tight

  • Domains import knowledge from other domains and export

  • Knowledge to other domains

  • (Hjørland 2002)


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References

  • Blume, P. (1989). Juridisk informationssøgning. En praktisk introduktion til retssystemets kilder. 3.udgave. København: Akademisk forlag.

  • Fjordbak Søndergaard, T.; Andersen, J. & Hjørland B. (2003) Documents and the communication of scientific and scolary information : revising and updating the UNISIST model. Article submitted to Journal of Documentation, December 2002.

  • Hjørland, B. (1993) – Toward a new horizon in information science (IS): domain-analysis, oral presentation given at ASIS 56’s Annual Meeting in Columbus, Ohio, 25 October, abstracts published on p. 290 in: ASIS ’93. Proceedings of the 56th ASIS Annual Meeting, 1993, Vol. 30, Americal Society for Information Science &Learned Information, Medford, NJ.

  • Hjørland, B. (2002) – Domain analysis in information science : eleven approaches – traditional as well as innovative. In: Journal of Documentation, 2002, Vol. 58, no. 4, pp. 422-462.


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Referencer

  • Kastoryano, R. (2002). Area and International Studies: Development in Europe. International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences Vol. 2, pp. 667-671. Ed. by N. J. Smelser & P. B. Baltes. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2001, Available online 2002.

  • Unisist (1971) - Study Report on the Feasibility of a World Science Information System, The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization and the International Council of

  • Scientific Unions, Unesco, Paris.

  • Wallerstein, I. et al. (1996). Open the Social Sciences, report of the Gulbenkian Commission on the Restructuring of the Social Sciences. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press.


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