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Teacher Page>>. O VER T HE C OUNTER D RUGS. Now let’s open your mind. and your notebook. Let’s get started!!!!!. TEACHER PAGE OBJECTIVE: 1.To familiarize the students with facts pertaining to over-the-counter drugs (OTC)

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O ver t he c ounter d rugs l.jpg

Teacher Page>>

OVER THECOUNTER DRUGS


Now let s open your mind l.jpg
Now let’s open your mind

and your notebook.

Let’s get started!!!!!


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TEACHER PAGE

OBJECTIVE:

1.To familiarize the students with facts pertaining to over-the-counter drugs (OTC)

2. To understand the difference between OTC and prescription drugs

3. To understand the dangers of OTC drugs

ACTIVITY:

1. The students will use their journals.

2. Students will list OTC drugs they have in their homes and possible dangers.

PROCESS:

1. The teacher will click through eleven slides.

2. Each slide is self explanatory and answers are provided.

3. The teacher should preview the lesson prior to presenting it to the class.


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Prescription & OTC Drugs

  • Prescription drugs are available only by recommendation of an authorized health professional, such as a physician.

  • Nonprescription (over-the-counter, or OTC) drugs are available on request and do not require approval by a health professional.


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Prescription & OTC Drugs (continued)

  • Prescription and OTC drugs have been viewed differently by the public since the classifications were established by the Durham-Humphrey Amendment of 1951.

  • In general, the public views OTC drugs as less effective, safe, and rarely abused and prescription drugs as more potent and frequently dangerous.

  • However, these distinctions are not always accurate.


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OTC Drugs Interesting Facts

  • Each year, people in the U.S. spend over $14 billion on OTC drugs

  • More than 300,000 different OTC products are available on the market

  • OTC expenditures comprise 60% of the annual drug purchases in the U.S.

  • An estimated 3 out of 4 people routinely self-medicate with these drug products


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What are OTC Drugs?

  • OTC Drugs are medicines you can buy without a prescription.

How do prescription drugs differ from OTC drugs ?

  • They are usually much stronger.


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List the OTC drugs that you have in your home?

Pain Killers - Aspirin

1.____________________________

2._________________________

Cough Syrup - Robitussin

Laxative - Ex-lax

3.__________________________

4.__________________________

Antacid - Maalox


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What are the two most popular OTC drugs found in homes today?

1. __________________

2.__________________



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Types of OTC Drugs today?(continued)

  • Cold, allergy and cough remedies

    • Decongestants

    • Antitussives

    • Expectorants

    • Vitamin C

  • Sleep aids

    • Antihistamines

    • Melatonin

  • Stimulants

    • Stay-awake or energy-promoting


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Types of OTC Drugs today?(continued)

  • Gastrointestinal medication

    • Antacids and anti-heartburn medication

  • Diet aids

  • Skin products

    • Acne medications

    • Sun products

  • Skin first-aid products

  • OTC herbal products


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Can OTC drugs be dangerous? today?

  • YES!

  • YES!

YES !

  • YES !

YES !

YES!

YES !


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HOW? today?

1.

People do not read the label.

2.

People fail to follow the directions.

3.

OTC drugs don’t have child-proof caps.

4.

People put off seeing their doctors.

5.

People mix medicines.


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Where can you buy OTC drugs? today?

1._____________________________

2.__________________________

3._____________________________

4._____________________________


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You can buy OTC drugs at- today?

1.Pharmacies

2.Grocery stores

3.Department stores

4.Convenience stores

5. Gas Stations


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List five ways you can make OTC Drugs safer? today?

1._________________________________

2._________________________________

3._________________________________

4._________________________________

5._________________________________


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Five ways you can make OTC Drugs safer? today?

Always read and follow label directions.

1.

Keep them out of the reach of children.

2.

3.

Safely dispose of expired containers.

4.

Consult your pharmacist if you’re not sure.

5.

See your doctor if problem persists.


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ANY DRUG today? USED IMPROPERLY CAN BE DANGEROUS

BE CAREFUL

BE SMART

WHY WASTE YOUR LIFE!!!


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REMEMBER today?

Over The Counter Drugs

Are

Drugs!!!


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Abuse of OTC Drugs today?

  • OTC products generally have a greater margin of safety than their prescription counterparts, but issues of abuse need to be considered

  • Physical dependence

  • Psychological dependence


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Abuse of OTC Drugs today?(continued)

  • Nonprescription products that can be quite habit-forming: decongestants, laxatives, antihistamines, sleep aids, and antacids

  • OTC drugs are more likely to be abused by members of the general public who inadvertently become dependent due to excessive self-medication, than by hard-core drug addicts


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“Switching” Policy of the FDA today?

  • The FDA is attempting to make more drugs available to the general public by switching some frequently used and safe prescription medications to OTC status.

  • There have been approximately 70 active ingredients switched, leading to more than 700 new OTC drug products.


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Prescription Drugs today?

  • There are currently more than 10,000 prescription products sold in the United States, representing:

    • Approximately 1500 different drugs

    • With 20 to 50 new medications approved each year by the FDA


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Prescription Drug Abuse today?(continued)

  • Illicit use of prescription drugs may be prompted by several reasons

    • To relieve withdrawal caused by drug habits

    • To treat infections caused by drug abuse

    • To provide a source of fresh, clean needles for injecting drugs of abuse

    • To prolong high caused by drugs of abuse


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OTC Drugs and Self-Care today?

  • Many of the major health problems in the United States can be treated with OTC medications.

  • If done correctly, self-care with OTC medications can provide significant relief from minor, self-limiting health problems at minimal cost.


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OTC Labels today?

  • Required label information includes:

    • Approved uses of the product

    • Detailed instructions on safe and effective use

    • Cautions or warnings to those at greatest risk when taking the medication


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Indications today?

Directions:

Warnings:

Precautions:

Expiration

date:

OTC

Antacids

Ingredients:

12 fl. oz.

GOTCHA,

INC.

Label Information Controlled by the FDA

When to use

How to use

What to

watch for

Possible drug

interactions

When drug

should no

longer be

used

Product name

Identity

Active

ingredients

Quantity

Manufacturer


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Rules for Proper OTC Drug Use today?

  • Always know what you are taking.

  • Know the effects.

  • Read and heed the warnings and cautions.

  • Don’t use anything for more than 1 to 2 weeks.

  • Be particularly cautious if also taking prescription drugs or herbal products.

  • If you have questions, ask a pharmacist.

  • If you don’t need it, don’t use it!


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Prescription Drugs today?(continued)

  • According to the Durham-Humphrey Amendment of 1951, drugs are controlled with prescription if they are

    • Habit-forming

    • Not safe for self-medication

    • Intended to treat ailments that require the supervision of a health professional

    • New and without an established safe track record


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Prescription Drug Abuse today?

  • Over 11 million Americans use prescription drugs for nonmedical purposes each year

  • Three classes most likely to be abused

    • Narcotic analgesics

    • CNS depressants

    • Stimulants


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Homework Outline today?

I. What are O.T.C. drugs?

How do they differ from prescription drugs?

II. List examples of O.T.C. drugs you have in your home.

III. What are the two most popular O.T.C. drugs?

IV. Can O.T.C. drugs be dangerous?

V. List five ways they can be dangerous.

VI. Where are O.T.C. drugs purchased?

VII. List five ways O.T. C. drugs can be made safer.


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