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Teacher Page>>. O VER T HE C OUNTER D RUGS. Now let’s open your mind. and your notebook. Let’s get started!!!!!. TEACHER PAGE OBJECTIVE: 1.To familiarize the students with facts pertaining to over-the-counter drugs (OTC)

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now let s open your mind
Now let’s open your mind

and your notebook.

Let’s get started!!!!!

slide3

TEACHER PAGE

OBJECTIVE:

1.To familiarize the students with facts pertaining to over-the-counter drugs (OTC)

2. To understand the difference between OTC and prescription drugs

3. To understand the dangers of OTC drugs

ACTIVITY:

1. The students will use their journals.

2. Students will list OTC drugs they have in their homes and possible dangers.

PROCESS:

1. The teacher will click through eleven slides.

2. Each slide is self explanatory and answers are provided.

3. The teacher should preview the lesson prior to presenting it to the class.

prescription otc drugs
Prescription & OTC Drugs
  • Prescription drugs are available only by recommendation of an authorized health professional, such as a physician.
  • Nonprescription (over-the-counter, or OTC) drugs are available on request and do not require approval by a health professional.
prescription otc drugs continued
Prescription & OTC Drugs (continued)
  • Prescription and OTC drugs have been viewed differently by the public since the classifications were established by the Durham-Humphrey Amendment of 1951.
  • In general, the public views OTC drugs as less effective, safe, and rarely abused and prescription drugs as more potent and frequently dangerous.
  • However, these distinctions are not always accurate.
otc drugs interesting facts
OTC Drugs Interesting Facts
  • Each year, people in the U.S. spend over $14 billion on OTC drugs
  • More than 300,000 different OTC products are available on the market
  • OTC expenditures comprise 60% of the annual drug purchases in the U.S.
  • An estimated 3 out of 4 people routinely self-medicate with these drug products
what are otc drugs
What are OTC Drugs?
  • OTC Drugs are medicines you can buy without a prescription.

How do prescription drugs differ from OTC drugs ?

  • They are usually much stronger.
slide8

List the OTC drugs that you have in your home?

Pain Killers - Aspirin

1.____________________________

2._________________________

Cough Syrup - Robitussin

Laxative - Ex-lax

3.__________________________

4.__________________________

Antacid - Maalox

what are the two most popular otc drugs found in homes today
What are the two most popular OTC drugs found in homes today?

1. __________________

2.__________________

types of otc drugs continued
Types of OTC Drugs (continued)
  • Cold, allergy and cough remedies
    • Decongestants
    • Antitussives
    • Expectorants
    • Vitamin C
  • Sleep aids
    • Antihistamines
    • Melatonin
  • Stimulants
    • Stay-awake or energy-promoting
types of otc drugs continued12
Types of OTC Drugs (continued)
  • Gastrointestinal medication
    • Antacids and anti-heartburn medication
  • Diet aids
  • Skin products
    • Acne medications
    • Sun products
  • Skin first-aid products
  • OTC herbal products
can otc drugs be dangerous
Can OTC drugs be dangerous?
  • YES!
  • YES!

YES !

  • YES !

YES !

YES!

YES !

slide14
HOW?

1.

People do not read the label.

2.

People fail to follow the directions.

3.

OTC drugs don’t have child-proof caps.

4.

People put off seeing their doctors.

5.

People mix medicines.

where can you buy otc drugs
Where can you buy OTC drugs?

1._____________________________

2.__________________________

3._____________________________

4._____________________________

you can buy otc drugs at
You can buy OTC drugs at-

1.Pharmacies

2.Grocery stores

3.Department stores

4.Convenience stores

5. Gas Stations

list five ways you can make otc drugs safer
List five ways you can make OTC Drugs safer?

1._________________________________

2._________________________________

3._________________________________

4._________________________________

5._________________________________

five ways you can make otc drugs safer
Five ways you can make OTC Drugs safer?

Always read and follow label directions.

1.

Keep them out of the reach of children.

2.

3.

Safely dispose of expired containers.

4.

Consult your pharmacist if you’re not sure.

5.

See your doctor if problem persists.

any drug used improperly can be dangerous
ANY DRUG USED IMPROPERLY CAN BE DANGEROUS

BE CAREFUL

BE SMART

WHY WASTE YOUR LIFE!!!

remember
REMEMBER

Over The Counter Drugs

Are

Drugs!!!

abuse of otc drugs
Abuse of OTC Drugs
  • OTC products generally have a greater margin of safety than their prescription counterparts, but issues of abuse need to be considered
  • Physical dependence
  • Psychological dependence
abuse of otc drugs continued
Abuse of OTC Drugs (continued)
  • Nonprescription products that can be quite habit-forming: decongestants, laxatives, antihistamines, sleep aids, and antacids
  • OTC drugs are more likely to be abused by members of the general public who inadvertently become dependent due to excessive self-medication, than by hard-core drug addicts
switching policy of the fda
“Switching” Policy of the FDA
  • The FDA is attempting to make more drugs available to the general public by switching some frequently used and safe prescription medications to OTC status.
  • There have been approximately 70 active ingredients switched, leading to more than 700 new OTC drug products.
prescription drugs
Prescription Drugs
  • There are currently more than 10,000 prescription products sold in the United States, representing:
    • Approximately 1500 different drugs
    • With 20 to 50 new medications approved each year by the FDA
prescription drug abuse continued
Prescription Drug Abuse (continued)
  • Illicit use of prescription drugs may be prompted by several reasons
    • To relieve withdrawal caused by drug habits
    • To treat infections caused by drug abuse
    • To provide a source of fresh, clean needles for injecting drugs of abuse
    • To prolong high caused by drugs of abuse
otc drugs and self care
OTC Drugs and Self-Care
  • Many of the major health problems in the United States can be treated with OTC medications.
  • If done correctly, self-care with OTC medications can provide significant relief from minor, self-limiting health problems at minimal cost.
otc labels
OTC Labels
  • Required label information includes:
    • Approved uses of the product
    • Detailed instructions on safe and effective use
    • Cautions or warnings to those at greatest risk when taking the medication
label information controlled by the fda

Indications

Directions:

Warnings:

Precautions:

Expiration

date:

OTC

Antacids

Ingredients:

12 fl. oz.

GOTCHA,

INC.

Label Information Controlled by the FDA

When to use

How to use

What to

watch for

Possible drug

interactions

When drug

should no

longer be

used

Product name

Identity

Active

ingredients

Quantity

Manufacturer

rules for proper otc drug use
Rules for Proper OTC Drug Use
  • Always know what you are taking.
  • Know the effects.
  • Read and heed the warnings and cautions.
  • Don’t use anything for more than 1 to 2 weeks.
  • Be particularly cautious if also taking prescription drugs or herbal products.
  • If you have questions, ask a pharmacist.
  • If you don’t need it, don’t use it!
prescription drugs continued
Prescription Drugs (continued)
  • According to the Durham-Humphrey Amendment of 1951, drugs are controlled with prescription if they are
    • Habit-forming
    • Not safe for self-medication
    • Intended to treat ailments that require the supervision of a health professional
    • New and without an established safe track record
prescription drug abuse
Prescription Drug Abuse
  • Over 11 million Americans use prescription drugs for nonmedical purposes each year
  • Three classes most likely to be abused
    • Narcotic analgesics
    • CNS depressants
    • Stimulants
slide32

Homework Outline

I. What are O.T.C. drugs?

How do they differ from prescription drugs?

II. List examples of O.T.C. drugs you have in your home.

III. What are the two most popular O.T.C. drugs?

IV. Can O.T.C. drugs be dangerous?

V. List five ways they can be dangerous.

VI. Where are O.T.C. drugs purchased?

VII. List five ways O.T. C. drugs can be made safer.

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