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Occupational Analysis. An introduction to the DACUM job analysis interactive web site. DACUM. D eveloping A C urricul UM. H P I W. HIGH PERFORMING INCUMBENT WORKER. Walt Disney began by animating and sequencing Mickey Mouse on storyboards. DISNEY. Display Thinking:.

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occupational analysis

Occupational Analysis

An introduction to the DACUM job analysis interactive web site

slide2

DACUM

Developing

A

CurriculUM

h p i w
H P I W

HIGH

PERFORMING

INCUMBENT

WORKER

display thinking
Display Thinking:

People work more effectively in groups/teams when they can see the ideas they generate.

dacum
DACUM
  • PANEL OF WORKERS
  • NEUTRAL FACILITATOR
  • RECORDERS
  • OBSERVERS
slide7

Occupational AnalysisAssumptions

1. Expert workers are the best source for task analysis.

2. Any occupation can be effectively described in terms of DUTIES, TASKS, and KNOWLEDGE, SKILLS, & TRAITS.

method of job and task analysis
Method of Job and Task Analysis

Small Group Method

This method requires a minimum of three incumbent workers to participate in developing the job and task analysis.

slide9

Method of Job and Task Analysis

Research Method

This method requires a person trained in task analysis to research available resources.

slide10

Method of Job and Task Analysis

Job Observation Method

This method requires a worker

who is performing the task and a person trained in job and task analysis to observe and

analyze the task.

why use the dacum process

Why use the DACUM Process

Cost effective

Involves workers in a participatory process that honors their expertise

why use the dacum process1

Why use the DACUM Process

Cost effective

Involves workers in a participatory process that honors their expertise

o a inverted pyramid

Highest

Task Analysis

Sub Task

(“how”)

Subsequent review Panels

&

Management Review

Tasks

(“what”)

Duties

Table of

Organization

Job

Definition

Job

Title

Validation

Level of Detail

Initial

DACUM

Panel

Lowest

O/A Inverted Pyramid
slide15

Occupational DutiesWorksheet

Please identify the major (big) pieces of your occupational pie:

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

Other

3

2

1

4

5

8

7

6

Definition of Duty: General area of competence that successful workers in the occupation must demonstrate or perform on an ongoing basis.

slide16
Task

A work activity that has a definite beginning and ending, is observable, consist of two or more definite steps, and leads to a product, service, or decision.

slide17

Maintain the Automobile

Tasks:

Wash the car exterior

Vacuum car interior

Wax the car

Check the car fluid levels

Check tire air pressure

slide18

MODEL DUTY/TASK

CARD

VERB

MODIFIER

NOUN

slide19

TYPICAL CARDS

(V) Implement

(M) Training

(N) Program

slide20

Knowledge

An understanding

and familiarity with facts and information.

skills
Skills

The ability to perform occupational tasks with a high degree of proficiency.

traits
Traits

An innate or learned ability or distinguishing quality that allows an individual to complete a job.

editing prioritizing
Editing & Prioritizing
  • The panelist are then led through a series of exercises that help to both edit the profile and identify priority duties and tasks.
criticality
Criticality

A measure of job duties and tasks that panelists believe to be essential and/or most important components of a job.

frequency
Frequency

A measure of job tasks that panelists believe to require the largest time commitments.

training needs
Training Needs

A measure of job tasks that panelists believe should be included in basic and inservice training programs.

slide27

The job analysis concludes with a process evaluation and the issuance of training certificates

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