INTRODUCTION TO. FISH AND FISH CARE. SALTWATER FISH. Salt is needed for them to survive. Salt must be added to the aquarium when setting up or cleaning is done to the tank. Saltwater fish are more difficult to keep then freshwater but nowadays hobbyists are having great success.
FISH AND FISH CARE
Saltwater fish are more difficult to keep then freshwater but nowadays hobbyists are having great success.
Supplements to help feed corals and other invertebrates
We sell mainly three kinds of filters:
Outside, Canister, and Undergravel filters
Following is a brief description of each and the importance of having them.
Comes complete and ready to fill and plug in.
Takes water out of tank and filters it thru cartridges and back into tank. These cartridges should be changed every 4-8 weeks.
Normal cleaning of plastic intake tubes and unit should be performed on a regular basis.
Operation and use will be given by instructor.
Cartridge should be replaced every 4-8 weeks. Rinsing can be done weekly.
sponge, chemical, ceramic chip
Charcoal or zeolite removes color and odor
Change every 4-8 weeks
Extra filtration usually used in saltwater aquariums. Uses the force of tiny bubbles to take out unwanted nutrients and proteins. These items attach themselves to the bubbles and foam to the top of the filter into a cup.
Usually set to about 78 degrees
Different watts for larger tanks
Customers: Do not plug new heaters in for 30 minutes after you place them in water. Glass tube must have time to acclimate to tank temperature or it will crack.
Airstones add beauty and oxygen to lower levels of the aquarium. Recommend if customer has a deep tank.
Air Valve makes it easy to distribute air evenly to all tank asseccories.
A new aquarium needs patience and time to establish itself. A new freshwater tank takes 45-60 days before it cycles through. A saltwater tank can tank up to 8 weeks.
Bio Spira and Cycle will help introduce new beneficial bacteria to a new tank. If no bacteria is used the new tank may become cloudy a few days after set up.
Make certain you have all the filter media you need to get it running!
1/2 -1 pound of gravel per gallon of aquarium with outside or canister filter.
Let heater stay unplugged to 30 minutes anytime it has been removed from water and placed back in.
These are two excellent dechlorinators.
When adding water you must also add salt. Measure the specific gravity using a hydrometer: 1.020 -1.025
Now time and patience is needed. Tester fish can be added (about 3-5). We have no guarantee on saltwater fish.
Cylce and Saltwater Bio Spira can be used
Answer: The aquarium is going thru a cycling process known as the Nitrogen Cycle. This occurs in new tanks and tanks that have recently had major water changes.
Solution: Adding Bio Spira or Cycle will help. Do not overfeed or overpopulate a new tank.
fish that are recommended for starting a saltwater aquarium
Here are a couple:
Live Rock: this helps cycle the tank faster and will assist in removing excess nitrates
1. What kind of tank do you have?
Freshwater or Saltwater
2.What size tank do you have?
This allows us to know how many
fish can be in the tank.
3.What other fish do you have?
This allows us to help you make good decisions
when buying fish. (Aggressive, Community, etc.)
4. What kind of filtration do you have?
This allows us to know if you have adequate filtration for your tank.
5. How long has your tank been set up \ when was your last partial water change?
New tanks cannot handle many new fish. A freshwater tank is considered new for about the first 45-60 days. During this time the tank environment is changing rapidly and can stress fish. Many tanks will become cloudy during this time because of an rapid growth and dying of bacteria.
Saltwater tanks can take up to 8 weeks to age properly. During this time the tank can become murky and brown algae growth can be substantial.
SW – up to 8 weeks
How long is our saltwater guarantee? Freshwater?
Answer: We have a very limited saltwater guarantee but talk to a supervisor to help with the situation.
Freshwater is a conditional 7 day guarantee.
Fish cannot be chewed, must have receipt.
Is this an aggressive, semi aggressive or community fish?
Gold Gourami – semi aggressive
African Clawed Frog: semi-aggressive
Convict Cichlid: Aggressive
Tiger Barbs: semi- aggressive
Dwarf Gourami: community
Jack Demsey: Aggressive
Brackish water fish are somewhere between fresh and salt. They come from rivers that have salt water in them and also freshwater. Which of these fish are brackish?
Knight Goby: brackish
Red Chromide: Brackish
Dalmatian Molly: sometimes
Mono Dact: Brackish
Neons or Cardninals: bad
Zebra Danios: good
Dalmatian Molly : good
Platy : Good
Damsel: good but aggressive
Pink Skunk Clown: Okay but not real hardy
Can you tell the difference between male or female on these pictures?
Boy George: ?
The End partial water change?
Thanks go out to all the hard working researchers
on staff at PPI.