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Final Regents Review: Rome. By: Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley H.S. Chappaqua, NY. The Geography of Rome. The History of Ancient Italy. Italy in 750 BCE. Influence of the Etruscans. Writing Religion The Arch. The Mythical Founding of Rome: Romulus & Remus. The Roman Republic:

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Final Regents

Review:

Rome

By: Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley H.S. Chappaqua, NY



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The History

of

Ancient Italy



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Influence of the Etruscans

  • Writing

  • Religion

  • The Arch



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The Roman

Republic:

509 BCE - 27 BCE


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Republican Government

2 Consuls

(Rulers of Rome)

Senate

(Representative body for patricians)

Tribal Assembly

(Representative body for plebeians)


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The Twelve Tables, 450 BCE

  • Providing political and socialrights for the plebeians.




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Roman Roads: The Appian Way



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The Roman Colosseum






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Reform Leaders

  • Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus

    • the poor should be given grain and small plots of free land.

Military Reformer

  • Gaius Marius

    • recruited an army from the poorand homeless.

    • professional standing army.


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Civil War & Dictators

Julius Caesar

Pompey


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Crossing the Rubicon, 49 BC

The Die is Cast!


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The First Triumvirate

  • Julius Caesar

  • Marcus Licinius Crassus

  • Gaius Magnus Pompey



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The Second Triumvirate

  • Octavian Augustus

  • Marc Antony

  • Marcus Lepidus


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The

Roman Empire:

27 BCE - 476 CE


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Octavian Augustus:Rome’s First Emperor



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Pax Romana: 27 BCE – 180 CE




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St. Paul: Apostle to the Gentiles







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Constantinople: “The 2nd Rome” (Founded in 330)



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Attila the Hun:“The Scourge of God”


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Byzantium:The Eastern Roman Empire


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The Byzantine EmpireDuring the Reign of Justinian



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The Legacy of Rome

  • Republic Government

  • Roman Law

  • Latin Language

  • Roman Catholic Church

  • City Planning

  • Romanesque Architectural Style

  • Roman Engineering

    • Aqueducts

    • Sewage systems

    • Dams

    • Cement

    • Arch


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