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SPS-related Barriers Faced by Cambodian Exporters in East Asian Countries Dourng Kakada Economic Institute of Cambodia (EIC) June 26 th -27 th ,2006 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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SPS-related Barriers Faced by Cambodian Exporters in East Asian Countries Dourng Kakada Economic Institute of Cambodia (EIC) June 26 th -27 th ,2006 Hainan, China. Content. Cambodia’s Overview Cambodian Export Profile SPS Issues in Cambodia: The weakness Case Studies.

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SPS-related Barriers Faced by Cambodian Exporters in East Asian Countries Dourng Kakada Economic Institute of Cambodia (EIC) June 26 th -27 th ,2006

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SPS-related Barriers Faced by Cambodian Exporters

in East Asian Countries

Dourng Kakada

Economic Institute of Cambodia (EIC)

June 26th-27th,2006

Hainan, China


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Content

  • Cambodia’s Overview

  • Cambodian Export Profile

  • SPS Issues in Cambodia: The weakness

  • Case Studies


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Cambodia’s Overview

  • Population: 13.9 Million in 2005

  • Economic growth: 6~7% per annum

  • Poverty rate: 35% in 2004

  • Least Developed Country (LDC)

    • GDP/capita: US$ 390 in 2005

    • Receiving GSP schemes from developed/developing countries


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Cambodian Export Profile (1)

  • Total recorded merchandise exports: US$ 1.1 billion in 2000 and US$ 2.4 billion in 2005

  • Cambodian merchandise exports are limited in terms of Export Directions……..

Sources: Ministry of Economy and Finance


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Cambodian Export Profile (2)

  • ……….And in terms of Export Products

Source: Ministry of Economy and Finance

  • Informal exports of agricultural products are significant


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SPS Issues in Cambodia: The weakness (1)

  • Weak Capacity of Institutional Certification/Conformity Assessment

    • No laboratory is accredited by international standard bodies such as ISO, APLAC, EA…ect.

    • Inadequate capacity of laboratory to meet requirements of some importing countries


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SPS Issues in Cambodia: The weakness (2)

  • Lack of private investment in certification services

    • Small market size

    • Few agents operating certification services

  • Inadequate capacity of export firm to meet SPS requirements

    • Facilities

    • Management (e.g. Flow chart)


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Case Studies


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Case Study #1: Rice’s Access to Chinese Markets

With concerns of pests and diseases to be imported into its country:

  • China requested documents for risk analysis and assessment (1)

  • China dispatched expert group to conduct field inspection in Cambodia (2)

    ►The ability of rice to access to Chinese markets is based on above assessments


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Documents requested for risk analysis and assessment (1)

  • Information about the plant and/or the product being tested including general name, scientific name, variety and class.

  • Information about the producing area of the product indicating the province, city and area, showing the product location on the national map with associated acreage.

  • Information about field management, growing and harvest times.

  • Information about pests and diseases involved including the general and scientific names, distribution, plants with parasites, harm-stricken parts of the plant, harm season, the supervision and inspection system, an impact statement on economy and biology.

  • Information of plant protection such as the method and effect of protection adopted, the description and frequency of chemicals used for protection.

  • Risk management measures for harmful plants including import & export inspection and quarantine law, processes and standards.

  • Information of the organization system of Inspection and Quarantine Bureau from central administration to local government, as well as its responsibility; the institution which is used as the inspection and quarantine lab is included.

  • Information of ongoing procedures, organisation relating to the Issuance of Certificate of Inspection and Quarantine, and a copy of the Certificate.


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Results of Field Inspection (2)

  • Capacity of Phytosanitary Laboratory is not yet satisfied

  • Inadequate capacity of Border Phytosanitary Authority

    • Facilities

    • Staff

  • Inadequate Facility/Management of Export Firms

    • Processing facilities

    • Quality Management


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Case #2: Black Pepper’s access to Japanese Markets

  • Black pepper is not accessible to Japanese markets due to the requirement of a certificate of sterilisation


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Thanks for Your Attention!


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