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Consolidated Operational Activities List (COAL) Taxonomy Proposal J7 JCS 12 March 04. David May, AAIC / Lockheed Martin [email protected] [email protected] 703.916.9473. Force Employer. Effects. Area of Weakness. Operational Capabilities (Ways measured by MOEs).

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Consolidated Operational Activities List (COAL) Taxonomy Proposal J7 JCS 12 March 04

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Consolidated operational activities list coal taxonomy proposal j7 jcs 12 march 04 l.jpg

Consolidated Operational Activities List (COAL)Taxonomy ProposalJ7 JCS12 March 04

David May, AAIC / Lockheed Martin

[email protected]

[email protected]

703.916.9473


J7 j8 jcs challenges aldridge study findings l.jpg

Force Employer

Effects

Area of Weakness

Operational Capabilities (Ways measured by MOEs)

Area of Strength

-

Current UJTL and

Architecture

“Center of Gravity”

Functional Capabilities (Means measured by MOPs)

Tasks/Activities

Force Builder

J7 & J8 JCS Challenges (Aldridge Study Findings)

Mission


Why architectures mission goals l.jpg

Mission Goals

Mission Goals

Consists of

Achieves

Consists of

Achieves

Capabilities

Capabilities

Described By

Described By

Improves

Improves

Mission

Mission

Mission

Architecture Models

Architecture Models

(Static + Dynamic)

(Static + Dynamic)

Evaluated By

Evaluated By

Investment Strategy

Investment Strategy

(Analysis of Options)

(Analysis of Options)

Produces

Produces

Transforms

Investment

Investment

Recommendations

Recommendations

Why Architectures? Mission Goals

Key Issues:

1) DODAF and JCIDS tell you

“what” to do, but not “how” to do it

2) And DODAF hasn’t evolved enough

to effectively support operations,

capabilities and rigorous quantitative

analyses

source: S.Ring/Mitre


Means l.jpg

Means


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Capability-Effects-Impacts Cycle

- Permanent Change

- Temporary Degradation

- Recovery/Restoration/Improvement

(with Reinforcements,

Supply events, etc.)

Offensive

Boundary

Defensive

Boundary

+

New

Capability

State

Effect

Directed

At Objective

-

Impact on

Objective

Capability

Change

-

BLUFOR

OPFOR

-

Effect

Directed

At Objective

New

Capability

State

-

Capability

Change

Impact on

Objective

+

Defensive

Boundary

Offensive

Boundary

- Permanent Change

- Temporary Degradation

- Recovery/Restoration/Improvement

(with Reinforcements,

Supply events, etc.)

Capability

Performance

(MOP)

Capability

Potential


Capabilities potential when applied have a multi dimensional and temporal nature l.jpg

Capabilities/Potential – when applied, have a multi-dimensional and temporal nature

Time T1

(beginning state)

Time T2

(impacts and resupply)


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Parallel Efforts (Need to be Converged)

  • Aldridge Study: Comprehensive Capability Categories List – “effects menu” (JS J-8, March 04 initiation)

  • UJTL Revision: Interactive, web-based, updated data, capabilities emphasis – “UJCL?” (JS J-7, March 04 initiation)

  • Joint Integrated Architecture: Functional tasks, attributes, metrics (JS J-8 ongoing)

  • Common Operational Activities Library (operational architecture) (JFCOM J8/9 CSAWG / Army, just begun)

  • Common Systems Functions List: Functional architecture (JFCOM J8/9 CSAWG / Navy, ongoing)


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Alignment with Aldridge Study

operational

functional

Strategy - D

Planning - A

Resourcing - A

Executing – A

JOC – Joint Operating Concept

OC – Operational Capability

FC – Functional Capability

DSA - denying sanctuary to the adversary

EFN - ensuring freedom of navigation

DAS - denying adversary access to space

COAL


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Mission

Mission

Mission #1

Mission #3

Mission #2

Effect #5

Effect #4

Function #1

Function

Effect #3

Effect #2

Function #2

Effect #1

Effect

Function #3

Effect

Function #4

Function

Mission, Effect, Function Perspectives


Coal top level view ingredients l.jpg

UNTLs/

MCTLs

AFTLs

AUTLs

UJTLs

COAL Top Level View (Ingredients)

JTT

Mission

Templates

DARS

Architecture

Operational

Function

Extracts

Approved Doctrine

Unapproved Potential Doctrine

COAL

Classified/Unclassified


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Proposed COAL Taxonomy Requirements

  • Simple, intuitive, understandable and standard terminology

  • Support hierarchical levels of task aggregation

    • not just component tasks

  • Support COCOM perspective (JTF HQ centric)

  • Support DODAF architecture reuse

  • Facilitate intelligent browsing

  • Support rapid prototyping

  • Facilitate automated adaptive intelligent attribute linking / meta data tagging

  • Facilitate foundation for “best practices”

  • Facilitate / support migration to OO


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Proposed COAL Classification Structure

  • Horizontal Classification

    • Net Centric Warfare OODA model

      • Observation – Input Info, snapshot (sensory)

      • Orientation – Situation Knowledge (cognitive)

      • Decision - (cognitive)

      • Action – Output (kinesthetic)

    • The way Humans and Support Systems perform functions

    • Recommend OODA model for both COAL and CSFL

  • Vertical Hierarchy (football metaphor)

    • Missions (game)

    • Effects/Capabilities (plays)

    • Tasks (tasks)


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UJTL Noun Phrases binned into OODA categories

  • Observation

    • Reports on situation, impacts, asset status/count, capabilities, readiness, resources, obtain/collect/acquire Intel, etc.

  • Orientation

    • Assessment, review, evaluation, interpretation, estimation, validation, prioritization, correlation, comparison,determination

  • Decision

    • Selection, COA development, authorization, approval, assignment

  • Action

    • Execution of COA, alert, organization, preparation, train, deployment, attack, supply, communication, protection, maneuver / counter-maneuver, securing, resolution, isolation, suppression, launch


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Recommended Road Ahead

Consolidated List

Verb Model

Normalization focus

Common Library

Object Model

Simplification focus


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COAL “Ingredients” Semantic Observations

  • Total approximate task count

    • UJTL’s + AFTL’s + AUTL’s + UNTL’s/MCTL’s

      • Total approximately = 1700

  • Too many different joint and cross service architecture building blocks

    • need a reduction/simplification scheme


Classification structure content semantic observations l.jpg

Classification Structure ContentSemantic Observations

  • Initial UJTL task verb and noun phrase analysis

    • 800+ UJTL tasks

      • 133 unique verbs (averaging 6 verbs for each noun phase)

  • Object Model facilitates simplification

    • Object model focus is on “topic” (task noun phrase)

      • Verbs are related to function performed on the topic (object)

    • Approximate unique “topics” = 1/6th = 300

    • Additional reduction due to object attributes approx 33%

      • = 200 base class “topics” (uninstantiated)

    • JTT Mission Templates, MCP’s, Architecture Process Segments, Capabilities, Mission objects are all additive (albeit small numbers – e.g 30 JTT’s)


Object graphic structure recommendation l.jpg

CourseOfAction

topic

ObjectName

CourseOfAction.LevelOfWar

CourseOfAction.ConditionsList

CourseOfAction.MOPList

CourseOfAction.DOTMLPFLinks

CourseOfAction.RelatedInfoLinks

etc., etc.

ObjectAttributes

topic

attributes

ObjectFunctions

Develop()

Communicate()

Review()

Update()

action

performed

on topic

Object Graphic Structure Recommendation


Example from ujtl distillation process l.jpg

Example from UJTL Distillation Process


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Current (Verb) vs Object (Topic) Perspectives

Shoot Target

Current dominant perspective

Shoot Target

Object Model (Topic) perspective


Object text syntactical recommendation l.jpg

Object Text Syntactical Recommendation

  • Format:

    • C++ Namespace scoping example

      • Namespace.Class.Method

        • E.g. - System.IO.FileStream.Open()

        • Read right-to-left

    • Major_OpFunc.Sub_OpFunc.Action

      • Observation.NationalIntel.Collect()

        • Read right-to-left

        • Collect (function) NationalIntel (sub-class) as part of Observation class

      • Decision.TargetList.Prioritize()

      • Action.Forces.Deploy()

    • Supports/facilitates executable architectures

    • Examples above are C++ code templates

      • Code template logic code would come from OV-6’s


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