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Confucianism And Economics . Confucianism. A Chinese ethical and philosophical system, which originally developed from the teachings of the early Chinese sage Confucius (551–479 BC).

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Confucianism and economics l.jpg
Confucianism And Economics


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Confucianism

A Chinese ethical and philosophical system, which originally developed from the teachings of the early Chinese sage Confucius (551–479 BC).


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  • A complex system of moral, social, political, and religious thought which has had tremendous influence on the history of Chinese civilization up to the 21st century.

  • A proper conduct in education, government, relationships, etc.


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The Central Thesis

Confucianism functions the way the Protestant ethics once did in Western countries, generating an inner-worldly asceticism that values and demands

hard work, frugality, education, and the willing sacrifice of individual benefit for collective good —practical to make people live well.


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  • The Confucian philosophy is built on the foundational belief that man is basically good.

  • Confucian disciple Mencius(孟子) further develops this, stating, "Man's nature is naturally good just as water naturally flows downward." This innate goodness could be developed through education, self-reflection, and discipline. The goal of life was to live a good moral life.

  • ceremony, music, archery, charioteering, writing, and mathematics


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Education that man is basically good.

Confucius believed that a good society would be achieved through education.

  • The Problem

  • The Assumption

  • The Goal:

    Be self-motivated, self-controlled

    and able to assume

    responsibilities.


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Government that man is basically good.

  • Confucius taught that government should be for the people.

  • Merit-based Bureaucracy is instituted- KeJu system

  • Anti-corruption Measures:

  • Noblesse Oblige

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Noblesse_oblige


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  • The state must provide public education, set policies to care for vulnerable people, root policies in public opinions, appoint and elect capable and moral persons as public officials, and apply management principles.

  • This sort of public administration should lead to the harmonious state.


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Harmony: Less Transactions Cost care for vulnerable people, root policies in public opinions, appoint and elect capable and moral persons as public officials, and apply management principles.

  • a junior in relation to their parents and elders,

  • a senior in relation to their children, younger siblings, students, and others.

  • Social harmony--the great goal of Confucianism--thus results from every individual knowing his or her place in the social order and playing his or her part well.

Junior

Senior


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Confucianism has a strong influence in China, Korea, Japan, and the countries of Southeast Asia as well as among people of Far Eastern descent living around the world.


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Neo-Confucian Experience in Japan Japan, and the countries of Southeast Asia as well as among people of Far Eastern descent living around the world.


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History Japan, and the countries of Southeast Asia as well as among people of Far Eastern descent living around the world.

15th Shogunate (德川庆喜) resigned his position

November 9, 1867

Boshin War

January, 1868

Edo Period

(Tokugawa

Shogunate)

(德川幕府)

Meiji Era

Meiji Restoration (明治维新)


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Policies Japan, and the countries of Southeast Asia as well as among people of Far Eastern descent living around the world.

Enrich the Nation, Strengthen the army (富国强兵)

— Abolish Four Divisions of Society: Samurai, Farmers, Artisans and Merchants

(士农工商)

— Education: Compulsory Education

— Economic: Import western technologies Industrial Growth

Single Currency

Central Bank established


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New Entrepreuers in Japan were former Samurai. Japan, and the countries of Southeast Asia as well as among people of Far Eastern descent living around the world.

Samurai turned into CEO of Zaibatsu.


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Why Samurai? Japan, and the countries of Southeast Asia as well as among people of Far Eastern descent living around the world.

— Deterrent of Industrialization

— Radical change required

Unsettled Force

— Well-Educated, Noble

Samurai Spirit/Patriotism

- Faithful Agents of Noblesse oblige of Confucianism.


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  • Here came the concept of Japan, and the countries of Southeast Asia as well as among people of Far Eastern descent living around the world.

    Confucian Entrepreneurs (儒家商人)

  • Japanese and Korean media propagate the image of Confucian Entrepreneurs with Noblesse Oblige


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Samurai Settlement Japan, and the countries of Southeast Asia as well as among people of Far Eastern descent living around the world.

Business & Industry

Schools at All Levels

Government

Zaibatsu

Well-Educated Future Labour Force

Economic Development


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Modern Japanese Neo-Confucian System Japan, and the countries of Southeast Asia as well as among people of Far Eastern descent living around the world.

Entrepreneurs

(Zaibatsu)

Noble People

Government

Education

Profit

Society


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Mitsubishi Japan, and the countries of Southeast Asia as well as among people of Far Eastern descent living around the world.

— One of four Zaibatsu who jointly controlled 76 percent of the total paid-in industrial capital of Japan before WWII

— Established in 1970 by Yotaro Iwasaki (岩崎 弥太郎)

— Meiji Era: Given Privilege

Protected

Zaibatsu

— Now: Mitsubishi Bank

Mitsubishi Corporation

Mitsubishi Heavy Industries


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Weakness of Confucian-minded Japanese System Japan, and the countries of Southeast Asia as well as among people of Far Eastern descent living around the world.

— Self-Control System vs.. Check and Balance System

— Intransperancy

— Corruption


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Confucianism In China Japan, and the countries of Southeast Asia as well as among people of Far Eastern descent living around the world.

I History of Confucianism

II The Comparison Between Traditional Confucianism and Modern New-Confucianism


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PART I: HISTORY OF CONFUCIANISM IN CHINA Japan, and the countries of Southeast Asia as well as among people of Far Eastern descent living around the world.

In The Spring and Autumn period:

Ritual + East minorities(东夷)

= Confucianism

(spirit: harmony

but diversity)“和而不同”

The ritual culture of

Western Zhou

(礼乐文化)

Xunzi(313 yrs ago-238 yrs ago)

“Confucianism is the core, Law

Combines with the civility”

Pre-Qin

“diversification

Of development”

“A Hundred Schools

Of Thought Contend“

“百家争鸣”

Western Han dynasty

“Confucianism combined

With Taoism, Legalism

And Yin Yang thought”

Sui, Tang, Song and Ming dynasty


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Buddhism Japan, and the countries of Southeast Asia as well as among people of Far Eastern descent living around the world.

Sui, Tang, Song and Ming dynasty

Confucianism

“The Core”

Taoism

Buddhism

supplement

adjust

implement

Legalism


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Part II The comparison Japan, and the countries of Southeast Asia as well as among people of Far Eastern descent living around the world.

  • Traditional Confucianism

  • Modern new-Confucianism


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Traditional Confucianism Japan, and the countries of Southeast Asia as well as among people of Far Eastern descent living around the world.

application:

i the management tool for rulers

ii the moral rules of the social conduct


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Modern Neo-Confucianism in China Japan, and the countries of Southeast Asia as well as among people of Far Eastern descent living around the world.

  • generate: 1911 Revolution

    delegate: Kang Youwei

    II. Development in modern society:

    why it is popular in China nowadays?

    (background and reasons)


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According to government policy as Japan, and the countries of Southeast Asia as well as among people of Far Eastern descent living around the world.

“economic construction as the central task”(经济建设为中心)

“the government allow some people to get rich first”(允许一部分人先富起来)

The Chinese economy and nation’s power improve a lot recent years

BUT the fast economy development leads to :

the gap between the wealth and the poor becomes larger

the crime rate increases

there is less trust and faith between person

the young does not have clearly philosophy


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  • The delegate of Neo-Confucianism : Japan, and the countries of Southeast Asia as well as among people of Far Eastern descent living around the world.

    Tu Weiming; Li Jiacheng


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new-Confucianism can earn large profit as a civilization industry. Furthermore, it is helpful for communicating with other Asian countries.

Question: No you agree or disagree?

Although the new-Confucianism is of historical significance in Chinese economic development , it cannot be the theme in future social progress. The reason is that the central thought is Communism in China.


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