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C Series. C - SERIES ECCENTRIC DISC PUMPS. Feb. 2002. C Series. STAINLESS STEEL. DUCTILE IRON. Product Features. SEALLESS no mechanical seals no magnets no rubber or PTFE diaphragms HERMETICALLY SEALED NO BEARING IN LIQUID CAN RUN DRY for 3 to 5 minutes

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slide1

C Series

C - SERIES

ECCENTRIC DISC

PUMPS

Feb. 2002

slide2

C Series

STAINLESS STEEL

DUCTILE IRON

product features
Product Features
  • SEALLESS

no mechanical seals

no magnets

no rubber or PTFE diaphragms

  • HERMETICALLY SEALED
  • NO BEARING IN LIQUID
  • CAN RUN DRY for 3 to 5 minutes
  • MULTIPHASE (GAS / LIQUID MIXTURES)
  • HIGH VACUUM >29” Hg
  • DEVELOPS >22 PSIG (DRY), > 50PSIG WET
  • EXTREMELY LOW SLIP, SELF- ADJUSTING
product features4
Product Features
  • EXCELLENT CLEAN IN PLACE (CIP)
  • WILL PASS SOLIDS
  • VERY LOW INTERNAL VELOCITY
  • EXTREMELY LOW SHEAR
  • 3A CERTIFIED
  • MULTIPLE PORT ARRANGEMENTS
  • MULTIPLE FLANGE SELECTION
  • SPECIFIABLE
  • AVAILABLE IN BOTH 316L SS & DUCTILE IRON

* DUCTILE IRON ARE ONLY AVAILABLE IN SIZES C4, C8, C12 & C18

slide5

Performance Characteristics

Speed: C1 - 1000 rpm

C2 - 1000 rpm

C4 - 750 rpm

C8 - 750 rpm

C12 - 500 rpm

C18 - 500 rpm

C24 - 450 rpm

C36 - 450 rpm

Flow: C1 - 1 m3/h (4 gpm)

C2 - 2 m3/h (9 gpm)

C4 - 4 m3/h (18 gpm)

C8 - 8 m3/h (35 gpm)

C12 - 12 m3/h (53 gpm)

C18 - 18 m3/h (80 gpm)

C24 - 24 m3/h (105 gpm)

C36 - 36 m3/h (158 gpm)

Maximum Working Pressure:C1 - 9 Bar (130 psi)

C2 - 9 Bar (130 psi)

C4 - 9 Bar (130 psi)

C8 - 5 Bar (72.5 psi)

C12 - 9 Bar (130 psi)

C18 - 6 Bar (87 psi)

C24 - 9 Bar (130 psi)

C36 - 6 Bar (87 psi)

Maximum Temperature: Std. Models - 800 C (1760 F) / HT Models - 1500 C (3020 F)

Viscosity: 2000 cSt (10000 SSU) - 3000 cSt (14000 SSU) depending on model.

slide7

C Series

Stainless Design Benefits

  • SEALLESS - No Mechanical Seal, Magnetic Drives or Packing.
  • SELF ADJUSTING - Maintains the delivery/ pressure performance over time with automatic disk/cylinder wear adjustment.
  • DRY PRIME - Self priming and able to dry-run for up to 10 minutes. Capable of complete line stripping of suction and discharge pipes of residuals.
  • 3A APPROVED - 3A and EHEDG (European Hygienic Equipment Design Group) certification, All wetted parts have a 0.8 Ra finish.
  • CIP - Pump is designed to be flushed and cleaned in place without disassembly and has the capability to be completely drained.
  • HIGH VOLUMETRIC EFFICIENCY - Pump is able to maintain a constant flow rate at a given viscosity throughout its pressure range.
  • LOW SHEAR - Very careful handling of the product (Ultra low agitation and shear)
slide11

C Series

Ductile Iron Design Benefits

  • Sealless
  • No Mechanical Seals
  • No Magnets
  • Hermetically Sealed
  • Integral Relief Valve
  • (ductile iron version only)
  • ANSI Compatible Flanges
  • Self Adjusting
  • Self-Priming & Draining
  • High Volumetric Efficiency
typical applications
FOOD INDUSTRY

SAUCES & DRESSINGS

MAYONAISE

MUSTARD

MARGARINE

CHOCOLATE

JAM & JELLIES

ICE CREAM & YOGARTS

CANNED FRUITS

GLUCOSE & FRUCTOSE

SOFT & 10% JUICE DRINKS

FLAVORINGS

BABY FOOD

SYRUPS & HONEY

ICINGS

BEVERAGE PRODUCTS

HEALTHCARE / COSMETICS

TOOTHPASTE

MOUTHWASH

CREAMS

HAIR CARE PRODUCTS

SHAMPOO

LOTIONS

NAIL POLISH

PHARMACEUTICAL

CREAMS & OINTMENTS

BLOOD

PETROLEUM JELLY

GLYCERINE

INSULIN

Typical Applications
typical applications14
CHEMICAL INDUSTRY

ACETATES

ACETONE

ACIDS

ACRYLIC

ADDITIVES

ADHESIVES

ALKALIS

AMMONIA

BITUMIN

CAUSTIC

CHEMICALS

CLEANING SOLUTIONS

DYES

EMULSIONS

ENAMELS

FERTILIZERS

FILM BASE

INKS

ISOCYANATE

LATEX

PAINTS & COATINGS

PAPER COATINGS

PHOTO GELS & EMULSIONS

POLYMERS & POLY URETHANE

PVC

RESINS

SEALERS

SOLVENTS

VARNISH

VINYL

WAX

Typical Applications
slide15

C Series

How Does It Work?

slide16

C Series

Drive shaft machined on 4 different planes

slide17

Shaft

C Series

slide18

Bellows

C Series

slide20

C Series

RADIALLY SELF-ADJUSTING

Max clearance =

.04

mm

shaft

cylinder

radial spring loading

disc

Radial spring maintains close tolerance between cylinder/disc

slide21

C Series

AXIALLY SELF-ADJUSTING

shaft

hub

axial spring loading

Spring action pulls the disc towards the cylinder

slide22

C Series

Radial SpringSet

Axial SpringSet

slide23

C Series

General Disassembly

slide24

C Series

1. Remove nuts

2. Remove bolts

slide25

C Series

1. Remove spacer and seal rings

slide26

C Series

Using TWO wrenches, loosen the nut

NOTE: DO NOT ALLOW THE DISC TO ROTATE AS YOU WILL DAMAGE THE BELLOWS!

slide27

C Series

Remove the nut and seal ring

slide28

C Series

Remove the disc and cylinder

slide29

C Series

Remove the 2 seal rings

slide30

C Series

Remove Suction HousingTie Bolts

Remove the nuts and bracket bolts

slide31

C Series

1. Gently tap on the back of the bracket (104)

2. Release the intake tube

NOTE: DO NOT STRIKE THE BELLOWS AS DAMAGE WILL OCCUR!

slide32

C Series

General Reassemble

slide33

C Series

1. Rotate the intake tube to desired location

NOTE: DO NOT STRIKE THE BELLOWS AS DAMAGE WILL OCCUR!

slide34

C Series

Insure the beveled sides of the cylinder are in alignment with the hole in the disc

slide35

C Series

Insure the notch in the cylinder aligns with the pin in the bracket

slide36

C Series

(Another view)

slide37

C Series

Install the seal ring and the nut

slide38

C Series

Using TWO wrenches, tighten the nut

NOTE: DO NOT ALLOW THE DISC TO ROTATE AS YOU WILL DAMAGE THE BELLOWS!

slide39

C Series

Install the first seal ring, the spacer and the second seal ring

slide40

C Series

Install the bolts and nuts

Torque the nuts in accordance with the IOM

slide41

C Series

Relief Valve

Iron Pump Only

slide42

C Series

Relief Valve Function

slide43

C Series

Adjust relief valve setting by removing cap.

Turn adjusting nut down to increase pressure setting.

Turn adjusting nut up to decrease pressure setting.

slide45

C Series

Cylinder & Disc

Dimensions

slide46

C Series

Minimum Dimensions

“A”

“B”

If dimensions are less than minimum, a new assembly is required.

slide47

C Series

Transmission

Lubrication

slide48

C Series

It is recommended the transmission lubricant be changed every 5000 hours of operation

Drain transmission by removing drain plug and seal washer

slide49

C Series

Replace plug and fill will appropriate grade of castor oil.

Quantity is based on model (See IOM)

slide50

Bearing Lubrication

Standard Oil is ISO VG 68 Castor Oil

Viscosity Range from

8 cst @ 110°C(230°F)

to

5500 cst @ 0°C (32°F)

Other Lubrication Oil Can Be Provided

With Blackmer Approval

slide51

Disk Material IsActeon NON-Galling Metal

  • COMPOSITION:
  • Carbon 0,05 maxi
  • Nickel 70
  • Chrome 13
  • Molybdenum 3
  • Excellent CORROSION RESISTANCE
  • Similar to Waukesha Alloy 88
slide52

The General

Application of

C Series Pumps

slide53

C Series

Clean In Place

slide54

shaft

hub

axial spring loading

C Series

CIP Internal Action

Pressure is introduced to the back of the disc. When pressure overcomes the spring the disc moves away from the cylinder

slide55

C Series

This allows cleaning solutions to pass through the pumping chamber

disc movement due to flush pressure

slide56

Clean In Place

Self Cleaning Or

Cleaned by an External Circulation Pump

The C Series Has a Low Pressure Drop

Through the Pump and May Not Need to

Be Bypassed to CIP

Unlike Our Competitors The C Series has

No Close Clearances

Smallest Clearance is 1/16 inch

slide57

CIP Continued

  • The disk and cylinder react as a semi-open valve and allows a large flow to pass through the pump.
  • CIP Example: Flow at 40 GPM (10 m3/hr) with a pressure at suction side of 14 psi (1 bar): pressure loss in the pump = 11.6 psi (.8 bar).

Blackmer will provide pump pressure drop

data for CIP Applications

slide58

Pump Model

Max RPM

Max GPM (M³/HR)

Max PSI (BAR)

C1

1000

4 (1)

130 (9)

C2

1000

9 (2)

130 (9)

C4

750

18 (4)

130 (9)

C8

750

35 (8)

72 (5)

C12

500

53 (12)

130 (9)

C18

500

80 (18)

87 (6)

C24

450

105 (24)

130 (9)

C36

450

158 (36)

87 (6)

C Series Application Criteria

Max. Operating Conditions

slide59

C Series Application Criteria

Suction Conditions

Important when NPSHA > NPSHR

Suction Pressure in Normal Operation should not exceed 14.5 Psig

and should not exceed 43 Psig during CIP

Viscosity Limits of 3000 cst.

(Higher with Factory Approval)

Particle Size, Lubricity or Abrasive Nature of Liquid

Need to be Considered when Sizing Pump

slide60

Suction PressureLimitations

Normal Operation

Maximum 14.5 Psig (1 bar)Suction

CIP Mode

Maximum 43 Psig (3 bar)

Bellows acts asa pressureretaining element

slide61

Pump Life Expectancy

Blackmer has C Series Pumps running for

MORE THAN 24,000 HOURS CONTINUOUSLY

at maximum pressure and temperature

and they are still operating to date!

slide62

50

49

GPM

48

47

0

50

100

Extremely Low Slip

C Series

Gear

C Series = 2% Slip

Gear = 5% Slip

Slip is basedon 10 cst

PSI

slide63

Low Slip

Low Slip Between the Disk and CylinderGives the C the Ability to Create High Vacuumand Excellent Gas Compression

Discharge Pressure on the Disk Causes Low Slip

slide64

0.2271

C SERIES

BAR

CST

M3/H

WATT

0.0013405

PUMP

PSI

SSU

GPM

HP

0.06896

14.5011

0.21576438

i

C12

C4

C 8

C18

n

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

60.00

60.00

Pressure (psi)

p

0

0

0

0

0

0

1000

1000

Viscosity (cst)

u

t

0

320

Speed (rpm)

s

0.00

0.00

0.00

50.00

Flow rate (gpm)

358

Speed (rpm)

r

#DIV/0!

2.17

6.60

45.22

11.355

Flow Rate (gpm)

e

3.37

3.86

Power (HP)

s

17.91

21.05

NPSH (psi)

u

-11.02

-11.42

Dry vacum (psi)

l

-13.70

-13.78

t

Wet wacum (psi)

s

31.15

34.99

Dry Compressor (psi)

54.17

58.90

Wet Compressor (psi)

The Sizing Program

Vacuumand Compression

slide65

Pump Performance Verses Time

120

100

80

% Loss of Eff. (Pressure or

Flow)

60

40

20

0

0

20

40

60

80

Time

Self Compensating: Holds Efficiency

Blackmer

Gear

Blackmer Will Stay On The Job

slide66

C Series

15% TiO2 Disk 1,000 hours

slide67

C Series

15% TiO2 Disk 1,000 hours

slide68

Eccentric Shaft

e

Cylinder

e

Motion ofthe Disk

e

e

Disk

e = eccentricity

Motion of the Cylinder and DiskCauses Very Low Internal Velocity

slide70

Eccentricity of a C Series

C1 / C2 e = 4.5 mm (.177 inches)

C4 / C8 e = 6 mm (.236 inches)

C12 / C18 e = 10 mm (.394 inches)

C24 / C36 e = 13.5 mm (.531 inches)

slide71

VelocityExample

10 GPM @ 100 PSIViscosity = 1000 cps

C Series Size 4 Turning 420 RPM

Velocity of Disk = .87 ft/sec

Waukesha Size 18 Turning 340 RPM

Velocity of Rotor = 3.15 ft/sec

Based of a rotor diameter of 4.25 inches

Viking Gear Pump Size K4124A Turning 220 RPM

Velocity of Main Gear = 3.84 ft/sec

Based of a gear diameter of 4 inches

Blackmer Progressing Cavity Pumps 2TL6 Turning 280 RPM

Velocity of Rotor = .32 ft/sec

Based of a rotor diameter of 2.78 inches

Blackmer NP 1.5 Turning 138 RPM

Velocity of Rotor = 2.76 ft/sec

Based of a rotor diameter of 4.6 inches

slide72

C Series

Viscosity Limit is 3,000 cst

Disk Centersin CylinderPump ActionIs Reduced

Greater Viscosity Can Be Pumped WithBlackmer Approval

slide73

-

=

1

sec

0

.

9

RPM

Extremely Low Shear

Shear Rate For All C Series

Lower Than Circumferential Piston

Lower Than Lobe

Lower Than Gear

slide74

4

Q

=

-1

sec

p

3

3600

r

3

Q

=

Flow in M

/

hr

r

=

radius of

Pipe in M

eters

System Viscosity

Piping Shear RateMetric

slide75

.908 Q

=

-1

sec

(

)

3

p

.

0254

r

3600

Q

=

Flow in G

PM

r

=

radius of

Pipe in i

nches

System Viscosity

Piping Shear RateEnglish Units

slide76

12000

10000

10000

8000

cps

6000

4000

4000

2000

2000

1000

0

0

100

200

300

400

sec-1

Product Shear Rate Curve

slide77

1

1

0.06896

C SERIES

BAR

CST

M3/H

WATT

1

1

14.5011

PUMP

PSI

SSU

GPM

HP

1

1

0.21576438

i

C12

C4

C 8

C18

n

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

3.00

0.00

0.00

Pressure (bar)

p

0

0

0

0

0

1000

0

0

Viscosity (cst)

u

t

Speed (rpm)

s

0.00

0.00

8.00

0.00

flow rate (m3/h)

363

Speed (rpm)

r

#DIV/0!

2.17

8.00

7.1853

Flow rate (m3/h)

e

2018.17

Power (watt)

s

1.48

NPSH (bar)

u

-0.79

Dry vacum (bar)

l

-0.95

t

Wet wacum (bar)

s

2.45

Dry Compressor (bar)

4.10

Wet Compressor (bar)

C Series Selection

slide78

System Viscosity Changes With Shear

C12-I rated 35 GPM (8 m³/hr)

@ 45 PSI (3 Bar)

See Shear Rate Curve

10000 cps

1000 cps

2 in. (DN50)

3.15 in. (DN80)

4000 cps

2000 cps

slide79

Actual Net Inlet Pressure RequiredBy a C Series

C4 Pump

Pressure (psi) 30.00 30.00

Speed (rpm) 304 304

Flow rate (gpm) 30.00 30.00

Power (HP) 1.78 1.95

Viscosity (cst) 1 1000

NPSH (psiA) 1.24 16.69

Dry vacuum (psi) -10.79 -10.80

Wet vacuum (psi) -13.51 -13.51

Dry Compressor (psi) 29.55 29.58

Wet Compressor (psi) 52.08 52.13

slide80

Maximum Particle Sizes

C1 / C2 1 mm

C4 / C8 2 mm

C12 / C18 3 mm

C24 / C36 3 mm

slide81

Heating Jacket Is Part of the Casting

It is machined and sealed as an option.

Iron VersionOnly

Heating Jacket

slide82

C Series

Applications

slide83

C Series

APPLICATION #1

APPLICATION #1

C12-I

-

:

pump

:

Mayonnaise,

Ketchup,

Sauces

Pumped product

: 140 rpm

speed

-

: 15 to 1200

cps

( 70 to 5500 ssu)

Viscosity

:

2.

2 Kw (2.95 hp)

power

-

:

.4 to 4.5 m

/h (1

.76

to

19.8 gal/

min)

Flowrate

3

-

:

3.0 bar

(43

.5

psi)

Working pressure

SAUCE

KETCHUP

MAYONNAISE

FILLING

MACHINE

C12I

Why do they use

C12I

: -

Excellent

volumetric efficiency

regardless of

viscosity.

- Good

self draining.

-

All

wetted parts

are

stainless

steel.

-Ability to Clean

slide84

C Series

APPLICATION

#2

APPLICATION

#2

2-C4’s

-

:

pumps

:

Méthacrylonitrile

Pumped

product

(dangerous solvent)

:

700 rpm

speed

-

: < 50

cps

(<240

ssu)

Viscosity

:

1.5

Kw (2.0 hp)

power

-

:

3.8 m

/h (16

.7 gal/

min)

Flowrate

3

-

:

3.0 bar (43

.5

psi)

Working pressure

PRESSURE

GAUGE & SWITCH

FOR

SERVO

CONTROL STARTING

2

- C4 PUMP

WITH

BYPASS

FEED

TO

FACTORY

Why do they use C4

:

- Replaced magnetic driven

pump

(major damage

occurred to the magnetically driven pump when it was

run dry

).

- Required sealess pump as the product is sensitive

to

contact with

Air (crystalformations).

slide85

C Series

APPLICATION

#4

APPLICATION

#4

C12-I

:

pump

-

:

Varnish UV, Solvent

Pumped product

: 100

to

300 rpm

speed

-

: 1

to

3000

cst (30 to 14000 ssu)

Viscosity

:

1.5

Kw (2.0 hp)

power

-

:

3 to 7.9 m

/h (13

.2

to

35 gal/

min)

Flowrate

3

-

:

2.0 bar (29

psi)

Working pressure

containers

-

:

122

F

to

158

F

Temperature

0

0

Filling

Area

(50

C to 70

C)

0

0

REACTOR

C12I

Why do they use C12I

:

Replaced

lobe

pump.

-

- Polymerization

of

the varnish

occurred between the

seal

faces.

- Product is

very sensitive

to contact with

air.

Drums

:

- Product

hardened with overheating

Galling & Sticking ( between end-plate, front cover & lobes

).

- The

liquid must be constantly

renewed.

Therefore,

it is necessary to

avoid

slip

& dead

zone.

slide86

C Series

APPLICATION

#5

APPLICATION

#5

C4-A

:

pump

-

:

ink

Pumped product

( before pulverizing)

: 80

to

200 rpm

speed

:

1

.5

Kw (2.0 hp)

power

-

:

300

to

1000

cps (1400 to 4800 ssu)

Viscosity

-

: .5 to 2.0 m

/h (2

.2

to

8.8 gal/

min)

Flowrate

3

-

:

3.0 bar (43

.5

psi)

Working pressure

-

Ambient temperature

PULVERIZER

INK

C4A

Why do they use C4A :

-

Replaced

hose

pump.

- Hose rupture

due to accidental

over-pressure.

- Protection

of C4A with

internal

bypass.

slide87

C Series

APPLICATION

#6

APPLICATION

#6

C4-A

-

:

pump

:

ink

Pumped product

( after pulverizing)

: 150

to

450 rpm

speed

-

:

100

to

2000

cps (480 to 9600 ssu)

Viscosity

:

1.5

Kw (2.0 hp)

power

-

:

1.0 to 3.0 m

/h

4

.4

to

13.2 gal/

min)

Flowrate

(

3

-

:

3.0 bar (43

.5

psi)

Working pressure

-

Ambient temperature

CONTAINERS

C4A

INK

FILTER

Why do they use C4A

:

- Replaced

gear

pump.

- Lower maintenance

costs

(don’t need

to change mechanical seal

).

- More efficient pump and system

cleaning.

.

- Less unscheduled downtime (don ’t need to change

mechanical seal)

slide88

C Series

APPLICATION

#7

APPLICATION

#7

-

:

vinegar

Pumped

product

C12-I

:

pump

: 400 rpm

speed

-

:

1

cps (30 ssu)

Viscosity

:

4

Kw (5.36 hp)

power

-

:

10 m

/h (44

gal/

min)

Flowrate

3

-

:

3.0 bar (43

.5

psi)

Working pressure

Buffer zone before

conditioning

-

Ambient temperature

VINEGAR

Filter

Tank

Length 25m

C12I

Why do they use C12I :

-

Replaces

lobes

pump.

- Regular

flowrate

due to low pump slip (regardless of

filter pressure).

- Excellent pump suction on long inlet piping

.

slide89

C Series

APPLICATION

#8

APPLICATION

#8

-

Liquid Cake mix

:

Pumped

product

C4-I

:

pump

: 390 rpm

speed

-

:

3000

cps (14000 ssu)

Viscosity

:

1.5

Kw (2.0 hp)

power

-

:

1.5 m

/h (6

.6 gal/

min)

Flowrate

3

-

:

6.0 bar (87

psi)

Working pressure

-

:

63.3

C (146

F)

Temperature

0

0

O 50

ICE CREAM & CAKE MANUFACTURER

O 50

C4I

Cooling system

Why do they use C4I

:

-

Replaced

lobe

pump.

- No mechanical seal.

slide90

C Series

APPLICATION

#9

APPLICATION

#9

-

:

resin

, paint ( water base), varnish

Pumped product

C4-I

:

pump

: 420 rpm

speed

-

:

100 up to 4000

cps (480 to 19000 ssu)

Viscosity

: 3

Kw (4.0 hp)

power

-

:

3.0 m

/h (13

.2 gal/

min)

Flowrate

3

-

:

5.0 bar (72

.5

psi)

Working pressure

-

Ambient

temperature

PAINT

MANUFACTURER

FOR

AUTOMOTIVE

FILTER

C4I

DRUMS

Why do they use C4I :

-

Replaced Mouvex

A

Series (not sealless).

- All

stainless

steel.

- Improved self

-

priming.

slide91

C Series

APPLICATION

#10

APPLICATION

#10

C12-I

:

pump

-

:

Acrylic

base

Pumped product

: 420 rpm

speed

-

:

600

cps (2900 ssu)

:

3

Kw (4.0 hp)

Viscosity

power

-

:

10 m

/h (44

gal/

min)

Flowrate

3

-

:

3.0 bar (43

.5

psi)

Working pressure

-

:

40

C

104

F)

temperature

(

0

0

REACTOR

C12I

Why do they use C12I :

-

Replaced

centrifugal

pump.

- Problems

with mechanical

seal.

slide92

C Series

APPLICATION 11

Pumped product: Molasses and Honey

Pump: C4-I

Viscosity: 3000 to 7000 cps

Flowrate: 2 - 7 GPM With VFD

Working pressure: 50-75 psi

Temperature: Ambient

Other Ingredients

Honey

Molasses

Mix Tank

Why do they use C4I : No Mechanical Seal

Able to Clean

slide93

Blackmer

1809 Century Avenue, S.W.

Grand Rapids, Michigan, USA 49503

Phone: (616) 475-9362

Fax: (616) 248-9203

E-mail: [email protected]

web: www.blackmer.com

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