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Michigan Long Term Care Conference March 23, 2006 Choosing from the Array of Long-Term Care Supports and Services Long-Term Care Supports and Services

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Michigan Long Term Care Conference March 23, 2006

Choosing from the Array of Long-Term Care Supports and Services


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Long-Term Care Supports and Services

  • Long-Term Care Supports and Services are available from a number of agencies including Private-for-Profit, Private-Not-For-Profit, Hospital-based, and local government-based organizations


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Institutional-Based Long-Term Care Services are provided by:

  • Private Nursing Facilities

  • County Medical Care Facilities

  • Homes for the Aged

  • Licensed Adult Foster Care Homes

  • Non-licensed Assisted Living Facilities


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The most common types of agencies providing community-based long-term care services include:

  • Community Action Agencies

  • County Commissions on Aging

  • Local Departments of Human Services

  • Private Home Care Agencies

  • Other community agencies and businesses


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Long-Term Care Services can be classified in the following types:

  • Institutional Care Services

  • Access Services

  • Community-Based Service

  • In-Home Services

  • Residential (i.e. group homes)


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Institutional Care Services include: types:

  • Nursing Homes

    • Private For-Profit

    • Private Non-Profit

    • County Medical Care Facilities

  • Licensed Adult Foster Care

  • Licensed Homes for the Aged

  • Traumatic Brain Injury Facilities


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    Access Services consist types:of:

    • Information and Referral Services

      Area Agencies on Aging

      2-1-1 Call System

      Centers for Independent Living

    • Care Management

      Includes the MI Choice Waiver program

    • Outreach Programs

    • Transportation Services


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    Community-Based Services include types:

    • Adult Day Care

    • Home Delivered Meals/Congregate Meal Programs

    • Transportation

    • Counseling

    • Medical Supplies/Equipment

    • Environmental Modifications

    • Legal Assistance

    • LTC Ombudsman Program

    • Elder Abuse & Education Programs

    • Kinship Care Programs


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    In-Home Services consist of: types:

    • Personal and Attendant Care

    • In-Home Respite

    • Homemaker Aide Program

    • Chore Services

    • Private Duty Nursing

    • Personal Emergency Response Systems

    • Home Delivered Meals

    • Home Injury Control Assistance

    • Home Health Care

    • Hospice Programs


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    How are these services and supports paid for? types:

    Home and Community-based services and

    institutional care supports are paid for through a

    variety of funding mechanisms, including:

    • Older Americans Act

    • Medicare

    • Medicaid

    • Long-Term Care Insurance

    • Private Pay

    • Veteran’s Administration

    • Private Insurance


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    How are LTC Resources Accessed? types:

    • Most LTC Programs have specific eligibility requirements – both medical and financial

    • Title III of the Older Americans Act:

      • Older American Act resources require a person to be at least 60 years of age or the spouse of someone age 60 or older

      • Some services have physical deficit requirements determined through an in-person assessment.

      • There are no financial eligibility requirements, however, there are priorities for those with the greatest economic and social need.


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    • Title III resources funnel through the local Area Agency on Aging.

    • Some funds are contracted out to local organizations such as Community Action Agencies or Commissions on Aging who provide the services. The growing trend, however, is for consumers to choose services through a pool of providers.


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    Medicare Aging.

    • Must be age 65 or older or disabled and enrolled into the Medicare Program

    • Co-payment may be required for certain services or supports

    • Skilled nursing services require physician orders

    • Skilled Services are considered intermittent and are associated with rehabilitation

    • Institutional care is limited to a maximum number of days and contingent upon the need for “skilled” care and the potential for rehabilitation

    • Coverage for both nursing facilities and in-home is very limited and accounts for less than 5% of LTC costs.


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    Medicaid Aging.

    Must be 65 or older, or blind or disabled

    • Must meet financial eligibility tests

      • These vary by county of the state and types of support (asset limitations are universal)

      • Access to Medicaid resources requires the completion of a Medicaid application available at the local Department of Human Services Office (formerly FIA)

    • Some services and supports require prior authorization


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    Long-Term Care Insurance Aging.

    • There are many different products on the market today, each covering different types of services and supports

    • Most have physical limitation requirements

    • Many follow Medicare guidelines for skilled nursing

    • Some policies only cover institutional care

    • Policies usually have a maximum daily or total benefit

    • Consumer must pay policy premium


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    Private Pay Aging.

    • If the consumer can afford it, he/she can usually get whatever type of care desired

    • Private pay options include both institutional and community and in-home care


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    To access institutional care services and supports: Aging.

    • Nursing Facilities: must meet functional and financial eligibility requirements unless private pay

    • Assisted Living Facilities: not government subsidized – private pay only (may be in the future under the MI-Choice Program)

    • Homes for the Aged & Adult Foster Care: usually have physical limitations and meet financial eligibility criteria unless private pay


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    To access Community-Based LTC services and supports: Aging.

    • MI Choice Waiver Program: must meet functional and financial eligibility requirements the same as nursing facilities

    • DHS Home Help Program: must have functional limitations and meet financial eligibility requirements

    • Title III In-Home Services: must have functional limitations and age 60+


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    How To Get Information From Which To Make Long-Term Care Decisions and What To Do When You Get Stumped

    • The easiest way to get information regarding long-term care services and supports is to contact the local Area Agency on Aging regarding persons age 60 and over or the local Center for Independent Living

    • In the future there will be Single Points of Entry to provide information, assistance and supports to persons seeking long-term care, similar to a one-stop shop allowing easier access and information on the array of LTC supports.


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    ADVOCACY SERVICES Decisions and What To Do When You Get Stumped

    • Michigan Long-Term Care Ombudsman Program (1-800-292-7852)

    • Michigan Protection and Advocacy

    • (1-800-288-5923)


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