Essay assignment writing planning to editing
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Essay/Assignment Writing: Planning to Editing. Agenda. 4 stages in essay writing: Preparing Planning Drafting Editing. Questions for you:. What makes a good essay? If you were marking an essay, what would you look for?. “To essay”.

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Essay assignment writing planning to editing

Essay/Assignment Writing: Planning to Editing


Agenda

Agenda

  • 4 stages in essay writing:

  • Preparing

  • Planning

  • Drafting

  • Editing


Questions for you

Questions for you:

  • What makes a good essay?

  • If you were marking an essay, what would you look for?


To essay

“To essay”

  • The verb “to essay” means “to put to the test, to attempt something difficult”.

  • Essays give you opportunities to come to terms with new knowledge.

  • Writing an essay helps you to measure how much you really understand.


Four stages in writing an essay

Four Stages in Writing an Essay

  • 1.Preparing

  • 2.Planning

  • 3.Drafting

  • 4.Editing

  • Post-essay writing

  • 5.Learning from the experience


Stage 1 preparing

Stage 1Preparing

  • What question do I need to address and what does it mean?

  • What do I know about this already?

  • What do I need to find out?

  • Research


Analyse the question

Analyse the question

  • What is the subject?

  • What are the key verb(s)?

  • What are the key aspect(s)?

  • Any other other significant words?

  • Ask questions about the question


Understand key verbs

Understand Key Verbs

  • analyse

  • compare and contrast

  • describe

  • discuss

  • evaluate

  • examine

  • explore

  • outline

  • summarise


Paragraphing i

Paragraphing (I)

  • Paragraphs structure thoughts and help the reader

  • Each paragraph should contain

  • one clear idea

  • support sentences

  • Support sentences add to the topic sentence, e.g.

  • explain ideas raised

  • define terms more fully

  • give supporting detail


Paragraphing ii

Paragraphing (II)

  • For every paragraph, ask:

  • Is there one main idea here?

  • Is it stated clearly?

  • Is it properly supported with evidence?

  • Have I commented on the evidence?

  • Does it link with the previous paragraph and anticipate the next?


Beginning a new paragraph

Beginning a new paragraph

  • To mark off the introduction and the conclusion

  • To signal a shift to a new idea

  • To indicate an important shift in time or place

  • To emphasise a point

  • To highlight a contrast


Stage 3 drafting

Stage 3Drafting

  • Drafting shapes the notes into an essay.

  • How?

  • Revise, reconsider and rewrite what you have done.

  • Fill in any gaps.

  • Revise plan, now you know more.


Checking a rough draft

Checking a Rough Draft

  • Look for:

  • the sequence of ideas

  • logic

  • paragraphing

  • sign-posting

  • need more information?

  • grammar

  • punctuation

  • Am I answering the question?


Introductions

Introductions

  • State clearly

    • How you are going to answer the question

    • What you are going to cover

  • Address the question, the key idea.

  • Define key terms.

  • May help to write the introduction last.

  • Should be 10% of the word count


Conclusions

Conclusions

  • Pull the essay together.

  • Show where you stand in the debate (judgement).

  • Draw conclusions or extract general principles (factual).

  • May indicate an area for further study.

  • Link back to the question / essay title.

  • 10-13% of the word count


Stage 4 editing

Stage 4Editing

  • Proof read your essay.

  • Check for mistakes:

    • spelling

    • grammar

    • punctuation

  • Check quotations, citations.

  • Have I answered the question?

  • Is there a logical, coherent argument?


Presentation

Presentation

  • Word limit

  • Margins

  • Spacing

  • Font types and sizes

  • Legibility

  • Does it comply with the required layout?

  • Diagrams

  • References


Citations

Citations

  • Examples:

  • According to Jones (1998), ….

  • Jones (1998) argued that ….

  • To quote from Jones (1998), ….

  • In name of text, Jones (1998) supported the idea of ….

  • …. paraphrases …. (Jones, 1998, p82)


Quotations

Quotations

  • Short quotation

    Jones (1999, p23) described the idea as ‘quoting a few words’ ….

  • Long quotation

    Jones wrote:long quotes

  • long quotes

  • long quotes (Smith, 1999, p9)

  • etc. etc.


References

References

  • Put at the end of an essay.

  • Do not number them.

  • Begin each source on a new line.

  • List alphabetically by the first author’s surname.

  • Italicise the book or journal title.

  • Place single quotation marks around the title of an article within a journal.


Examples of references

Examples of References

  • A book

    Cottrell, S.M. (1999) The Study Skills Handbook, Macmillan.

  • An article in a book

    Tizard, B. (1991) ‘Working Mothers and the Care of Young Children’ in Woodhead, M., Light, P. and Carr, R. (eds) Growing Up in a Changing Society, Routledge.


Bibliography

Bibliography

  • A list of everything you read for the assignment.

  • They need not be referred to in your writing.

  • Listed in the same style as references.


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