Nature and Naturalism. Brief Quiz on “Traveling Through the Dark” and “Sleeping in the Forest”. What is the hard choice the speaker has to make in “Traveling Through the Dark”? True or False: The speaker in “Sleeping in the Forest” is afraid of being alone in the forest at night. .
London belonged to the “Naturalist” school of writers.
"Naturalism assumes that humans have little if any control over what happens. Rather, things happen to people, who are at the mercy of a variety of external and internal forces…" from The Bedford Glossary of Critical and Literary Terms
Another characteristic of Naturalist writing is its lack of commentary on the events of the story.
How is “To Build a Fire” a “Naturalist” story? Do you think that “Traveling Through the Dark” fits this definition as well?
Naturalism is related to the idea of “determinism.”
From the Stanford Philosophy Encyclopedia: "Causal determinism is, roughly speaking, the idea that every event is necessitated by antecedent events and conditions together with the laws of nature."
In other words, every event happens because it must. How does this apply to human thought and action in the works we read for today?