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Bellringer. Get out your Pollution articles and map Add symbols for Chernobyl and the Black Triangle to your map. Answer these on paper & highlight in text: How did the explosion in Chernobyl happen (cause)? What were the effects on Belarus & Sweden?

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Presentation Transcript
Bellringer
Bellringer

  • Get out your Pollution articles and map

  • Add symbols for Chernobyl and the Black Triangle to your map.

  • Answer these on paper & highlight in text:

    • How did the explosion in Chernobyl happen (cause)?

    • What were the effects on Belarus & Sweden?

    • What were some immediate effects of the explosion? Long term effects? (good and bad)

    • Where is the Black Triangle and why is it called that?

    • What are the effects of high chimney use in cities?

    • List three ways Europe is trying to reduce acid rain production.


Bellringer1
Bellringer

  • Get out your Bosnia Genocide article and your map.

  • Add Kosovo and Montenegro to your map (line to separate)


Simplified yugoslavia
Simplified Yugoslavia

  • WWII: Nazis invaded Yugoslavia Tito led uprising became Communist leader post-war

    • Many ethnic groups/provinces now tied together

  • Tito dies in 1980 with no strong successor

  • Serbian Milosevic takes hold strong nationalist stirred tensions b/w Serbs (Orthodox Christians) and Muslims (in Bosnia & Albania/Kosovo)

    • Christians in Kos. told of mistreatment by Muslim Albanians in Kos Serbia took complete control


Simplified yugoslavia1
Simplified Yugoslavia

  • 1991: Slovenia & Croatia declare indepen. from Yug.

    • Yug. Army (mostly Serbs) attacked Slovenia, but fail

    • Focus on Croatia b/c more Serbs live there

      • During WWII Serbs in Croatia had been massacred

  • Milosevic wants to ‘protect’ Serb minority in Croatia

    • Mass executions, bombings, destruction of Croat/Muslim bldgs by Serbs world did not interfere (arms embargo had little effect)

  • Cease-fire end of 1991(US)


Simplified yugoslavia2
Simplified Yugoslavia

  • 1992: EU* & U.S. recognize Bosnia indep.

    • Serbs are minority in the Muslim country

  • Milosevic attacked Sarajevo

    • Bosnian Muslim Genocide

      • Mass executions, forced displacement, concentration camps, rape as a weapon “ethnic cleansing”

      • Destruction of Muslim religious and historical bldgs

      • UN put econ. sanctions on Serbia, sent food & medicine (no military axn)

  • Feb. 1994: bombing of marketplace global broadcast


Simplified yugoslavia3
Simplified Yugoslavia

  • 1993: Clinton gives ultimatum cease-fire in Sarajevo

  • US unites Croatian Catholics & Bosnian Muslims Serbs attack again (including UN troops)

    • NATO launches air attacks

    • Srebrenica 8,000 murdered, mass rapes

      • Aug. 1995: US led NATO bombings til Oct. & Bosnian Muslims receive weapons from Islamic world

  • Nov. 1995:Peace talks held in Ohio

  • Milosevic tried for war crimes


Simplified kosovo
Simplified Kosovo

  • Late 1800s: Albanians (Muslims) now majority in Kosovo

    • Serbia wins territory in First Balkan War (1912)Kosovo an autonomous province

  • Albanian ethnic nationalism in 80s riots for Kosovo’s indep. from Serbia

  • Kosovo Serbs claim Kosovo Albanians mistreated them Milosevic takes away autonomy & represses Albanians in early 90s

    • Albanians form Kos. Liberation Army insurgents


Simplified kosovo1
Simplified Kosovo

  • 1998: Serbs conduct counterinsurgency

    • Massacres, expelled Albanians

    • NATO responded w/ bombing in March 1999 Serbia w/draws

  • 1999: Kosovo put under transitional admin by UN….UNMIK

    • Negotiations began in 2005-2007

    • February 2008: Kosovo declared independent

      • Serbia still rejects their independence


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