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PRESENTATION BY POWERGRID. April, 2006. FORMATION OF POWERGRID. POWERGRID was formed in 1989 and began commercial operation from 1992 – 93 with the following mission:

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slide1

PRESENTATION

BY

POWERGRID

April, 2006

slide2

FORMATION OF POWERGRID

POWERGRID was formed in 1989 and began commercial operation from 1992 – 93 with the following mission:

“Establishment and Operation of Regional and National Power Grids to facilitate transfer of power within and across the regions with reliability, Security, and Economy on sound commercial principles.”

slide3

POWERGRID- An Overview

  • Commercial operation since 1992-93.
  • Recognised as Mini-ratna Company: 1998.
  • Notified as Central Transmission Utility : 1998
  • Carries about 45% of Country’s power.
  • Transmission Network:

- 54,800 Ckt. Kms.,

- 54,350 MVA

- 93 Sub-Stations

  • Network availability - Above 99%
  • Profit making since inception
slide4

Grid Management

Development of Inter-State transmission Systems

Diversification

  • Planning & Design
  • Construction
  • Quality Assurance & Inspection
  • Operation & Maintenance
  • Broadband Telecom Services.
  • Sub-transmission
  • Distribution
  • Rural Electrification
  • Consultancy
  • Establishment of modern Load Despatch Centres
  • Real-time Grid Operation
  • Optimum scheduling & despatch
  • Energy accounting including settlements

AREAS OF OPERATION

slide5

PHYSICAL GROWTH (Network & Capacity)

(Till Nov’05)

Expected

60,000

56180

56020

50745

49459

50,000

47757

46245

46461

44836

40289

40,000

34288

35119

28820

30,000

27853

23331

22228

20,000

12,201

10,000

0

92-93

96-97

98-99

2001-02

2002-03

2003-04

2004-05

2005-06

YEAR

MVA

Ckt Km

slide6

GROSS FIXED ASSET (RS. CRORE)

30000

27120

25000

21930

19876

20000

13777

15000

8851

10000

5492

3521

5000

0

1992-

1995-

1998-

2001-

2003-

2004-

2005-

93

96

99

02

04

05

06

(Till Sep’05)

Expected

slide7

TURNOVER AND NET PROFIT (Rs. Crore)

3500

3075

2831

2805

Turnover

3000

Net Profit

2533

2500

1770

2000

1500

983

884

786

634

748

1000

643

444

236

500

275

0

1992-93

1995-96

1998-99

2002-03

2003-04

2004-05

2005-06

(Till Sep’05)

Expected

YEAR

* CERC new tariff norms applicable 01/04/04

slide8

MANPOWER

Expected

Growth in manpower 1.7% p.a corresponding to 40% growth p.a. in Asset base

development of national grid
Development ofNationalGrid
  • National Grid being developed in phased manner
  • Inter regional power transfer capacity of National Grid–
    • Present - 9,500 MW
    • By 2007 - 18,400 MW
    • By 2012 - 37,150 MW
  • Ring of 765 kV EHV AC system inter-connecting ER, WR, NR and HVDC system for smooth operation of the Grid
  • This would lead to reduction in capacity addition by about 15000 MW thus saving investments of about Rs 60,000 Crore.
slide10

NR

NER

SR

Present Inter Regional Power Transfer Capacity 9,500 MW

  • Inter Regional Power Transfer Capacity Planned by 2012: 37,000 MW

4,000 MW

8,500 MW

600 MW

7,600 MW

1,000 MW

2,250 MW

1,250 MW

ER

WR

8,500 MW

1,800 MW

2,700 MW

1,700 MW

3,600 MW

3,100 MW

Investment Required by 2012

POWERGRID : Rs. 50,000 Cr

Pvt. Investors : Rs. 21,000 Cr.

EFFORTS TO STABILISE & COMMERCIALISE POWER SECTOR

powergrid grid management

POWERGRID & Grid Management

Regional Load Despatch Centres modernised in all the five regions at a cost more than Rs. 2000 Crore

This coupled with implementation of ABT has led to:

‘Nil’ Grid Collapses in Last three years.

Improvement in frequency and voltage profile

Merit Order Operation, Leading to Overall Economy

Transparency in grid operation

Quantum leap in intra and inter-regional Power Exchange and Trading

r d and technology development in powergrid
R&D and Technology Development in POWERGRID
  • EHVAC Transmission System up to 800 kV
  • + 500 kV HVDC
  • Multi ckt towers
  • Fixed & variable Series Compensator (FACTS)
  • Extra High Towers to avoid deforestation and protection of wild life
  • Compact Towers to reduce Transmission Corridor width
  • High Temperature Conductors for increased Loading
  • Automation of Sub-stations.
  • Compact S/stn to reduce land requirement.
  • Transmission Line Survey through Satellite.
slide13

DIVERSIFICATION IN TELECOM

  • Diversified in Synergic area i.e. Telecom at a cost of Rs 950 Cr.
  • Most of the network completed ahead of schedule.
  • Business is looking up as planned, inspite of stiff competition.
  • A JV of RailTel, GailTel & POWERGRID in formation stage.
business development
Business Development
  • Providing Consultancy services to State Power Utilities in India and at International level in the field of Transmission, Sub-transmission, Distribution, Telecom etc.
  • Earned more than Rs. 127 Cr. as consultancy income during FY2004-05 against Rs. 37 Cr. in FY 2003-04
  • Major Consultancy Assignments
    • With Bhutan Telecom (completed successfully)
    • 220/66 kV substation in Bhutan
    • 220 kV D/C Transmission line from Pul-e-Khurmi to Kabul; a major infrastructure project in Afghanistan
    • Execution of 220 kV Transmission Line via Kargil-Leh-Drass-Khalsti for PDD, J&K.
slide15

Facilitating Distribution Sector Reforms

APDRP

  • Acting as Advisor-cum-Consultant (AcC) for developing 182 distribution circles/ towns/ schemes costing about Rs. 7,900 Crore.
  • Executing schemes of about Rs. 1000 Crore in Bihar, Goa, Meghalaya and Mizoram on deposit work basis.

Sub-transmission

  • Implementation of strengthening scheme (phase-I) of Rs 550 Crore in Bihar. Phase-II, Part-I at an estimated cost of Rs. 640 Crore approved recently. Part-II under finalisation.

Rural Electrification

  • Executing works in 2400 villages in Bihar at about Rs.192 Crore.
  • Execution of Rural Electrification works under Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidiyutikaran Yojana (RGGVY) for 70,000 villages in the States of Bihar, UP, West Bangal, Gujarat, rajasthan, Orissa, Assam, Chattisgarh and Tripura at an estimated cost of Rs. 4,000 Crore.
assisting state utilities
ASSISTING STATE UTILITIES
  • Quick restoration of power supply through Emergency Restoration System (ERS)
    • Gujarat cyclone in 1998
    • Orissa cyclone in Oct, 1999
    • Gujarat earthquake in Jan, 2001
    • Tsunami in Dec, 2004
    • Restoration of Pampore-Kishenpur 220kV D/c line of PDD J&K (life line for power supply to Kashmir) damaged during heavy snow avalanches in Jan, 2005
  • Extending training in Technical & managerial aspects
our strengths
OURSTRENGTHS
  • Huge pool of expert manpower – more than 2600 qualified professionals Engineers, Financial, commercial, legal
  • Harnessing New Technology in Electrical, Civil & Mechanical Engineering.
  • Proven Experience of PPP Project from concept to implementation
  • Experience of working with projects funded by the World Bank, ADB and other Multilateral Financial Institutions.
  • Commitment to Quality, Environment and Health & Safety
    • ISO 9001:2000, ISO 14001:1996 and OHSAS 18001:1999 certified by BSI
awards received by powergrid
AWARDSRECEIVED BY POWERGRID

Few of the awards received by POWERGRID are:

  • Continuously achieving the “Excellent” rating for the MOUs with Ministry of Power, since 1993-94.
  • The only Public Sector Enterprise to receive prestigious Prime Minister’s MoU Award for three successive years since institution of this Award.
  • Received “Golden Peacock National Quality Award (Runners up)” for the year 2004, for maintaining quality standards.
awards received by powergrid1
AWARDSRECEIVED BY POWERGRID
  • Indian Institution of Industrial Engineering (IIIE) has conferred the prestigious award, “ Excellence in service (Power Utility) sector for POWERGRID’s financial & operational strength” on 21.09.2003.
  • Institute of Economic Studies, N. Delhi conferred “Certificate of Excellence in Productivity, Quality, Innovation & Management” on 24.02.97
  • Awarded certificate of excellence by Council for Business Entrepreneurs for “Economic Growth & National Integration” during the year 1997-98.
  • Indian Institution of Industrial Engineering (IIIE) hasj conferred the prestigious award, “Excellent Performing Public Sector Entreprise” for the years 1998-99 , 1999-2000 and 2001-02to POWERGRID.
slide21

Private Sector Participation Enablements

  • On 31.1.2000, Ministry of Power, Govt. of India issued “Guidelines for Private Sector Participation” to ensure availability of uniform Techno-Commercial framework throughout the Transmission Sector in the Country.
slide22

Existing Provisions

Investment from private entity as “Transmission Licensee” envisaged via two routes:

  • Joint Venture Arrangement with POWERGRID by having major equity contribution by the private investors & a minimum 26% equity by POWERGRID.
  • Independent Private Transmission Company (IPTC) route through 100% fund mobilization by private entities
slide23

MOBILISING RESOURCES THROUGH PRIVATE INVESTMENT

  • Joint Venture with Tata for Tala Transmission System at a cost of Rs. 1600 Crore, likely to be commissioned shortly.
  • Investment approval accorded for formation of JV with Reliance for evacuation of power from Parbati-II HEP & Koldam HEP.
  • POWERGRID Board has decided in-principle to setup JVs with Independent Power Producers (IPPs) for their dedicated transmission lines.
  • Torrent, Essar, ILF&S, Jai Prakash and Teesta Urja have signed MoUs.
  • POWERGRID has invited bids for 100% Private Transmission System for Western Region.
powergrid perspective plan
POWERGRID Perspective Plan…

Rs/Crs.

Investment Program

provisions of electricity act
PROVISIONS OF ELECTRICITY ACT

Electricity Act has the following two provisions:

  • As per Section 14, CERC can grant a license to “any person” to transmit electricity as a transmission licensee.
  • As per Section 63, CERC shall adopt the tariff, if such tariff has been determined through transparent process of bidding in accordance with the guidelines issued by the Central Government.
proposed enablements
Proposed Enablements
  • Draft Policy Guidelines for Private Investment in Transmission, prepared by Ministry of Power, Govt. of India.
  • Draft Tariff based Competitive-bidding Guidelines for Transmission Service, prepared by Ministry of Power, Govt. of India.

Salient Features of these documents are……

policy guidelines for private investment in transmission
Policy Guidelines for Private Investment in Transmission
  • Empowered Committee, to be constituted by Ministry of Power, with mandate to
    • Identify Projects & invite bids.
    • Facilitate finalization and signing of TSA & facilitate development of projects.
policy guidelines for private investment in transmission1
Policy Guidelines for Private Investment in Transmission
  • DPR for identified project to be prepared by any Govt. agency or a consultant.
  • Selection of Developer for identified projects through Tariff Based Bidding.
  • Selected party to approach Appropriate Commission for license with recommendations of Empowered Committee, within 30 days.
tariff based competitive bidding guidelines
Tariffbased Competitive Bidding Guidelines
  • Empowered Committee is the Bid Process Coordinator (BPC).
  • Projects to be taken up after necessary approval of Appropriate Commission.
  • Projects identified by Empowered Committee only can be taken up.
  • Approval of Bid Documents by Appropriate Commission.
tariff based competitive bidding guidelines1
Tariff based Competitive Bidding Guidelines
  • Bidding process can be either two stage (RfQ & RfP) or single stage two envelop process.
  • Bidding process can continue with less than two bidders with approval of Appropriate Commission.
  • The agency authorized by the Govt. to account for and bill transmission tariff to enter into agreement with Pvt. Player on one hand and beneficiaries on the other.
frequency profile
FREQUENCY PROFILE

2002, 2003& 2004

slide34

COMPARISION OF BANGALORE VOLTAGE - TYPICAL DAY

2003

2004

BETTER VOLTAGE PROFILE MEANS LESS ELECTRICAL LOSSES

REALITY BITE:

FARMERS IN KARNATAKA ARE HAPPY WITH FEWER HOURS OF QUALITY POWER!!.

EFFICIENCY OF PUMPS AT TG HALLI WATER WORKS IMPROVED!

2002

economy in operation
ECONOMY IN OPERATION
  • Inter-regional energy exchange of 31000 MU worth Rs. 6200 Crore during 2004-05 has resulted into:
    • Deferred investment of Rs. 24000 Crore equivalent to setting up of 6000MW power generation capacity. This means saving of Rs. 2000 Crore per year to the economy.
    • Net savings of Rs. 1550 Crore on account of cheaper available power.
    • Generated economic activities almost 20 times the cost of energy exchanged i.e. worth about Rs. 1,24,000 Crore.
800 kv high power transfer capacity
800 kV – High Power Transfer Capacity

one 800kV line on a 64 meter wide right-of-way can carry the same amount of power as 400 kV lines on four 48 m wide rights-of-way, having a combined width of 184 m

184 M

64 M

slide38

DOUBLE CIRCUIT TOWER

MULTI CIRCUIT TOWER

2

1

1

2

3

4

( 45 Mtr. High)

( 70 Mtr. High)

R&D and Technological Advancement

slide39

R&D and Technological Advancement

EHVAC (up to 800 kV) & HVDC (±500 kV)

Extra tall Towers for protection of wild life & to avoid deforestation

50 mtr

9 - 25 mtr

4 - 5 mtr approx

R&D and Technological Advancement

slide40

800 kV Normal Tower

800 kV Compact Tower

Proposed 400 kV Compact Single pole tower at Delhi & Noida

Right of Way = 85 Mtr.

Right of Way = 64 Mtr.

R&D and Technological Advancement

slide41

Remote Control operation of Substation

BHIWADI

BALLABHGARH

R&D and Technological Advancement

survey work in afghanistan
SURVEY WORK IN AFGHANISTAN

Kalatak Hill Top carry Mines –

TL route negotiated on Slope

2100 MSL

Rock fall due to Weathering action

survey work in afghanistan1
SURVEY WORK IN AFGHANISTAN

2150 MSL

2200 MSL

Exposed Weathering Action

at exposed face between

Jabal Saraj- Ahingaran

survey work at leh kargil drass
SURVEY WORK AT LEH, KARGIL, DRASS

A view of Tiger Hill from Drass village

A view of Kargil

survey work at leh kargil drass1
SURVEY WORK AT LEH, KARGIL, DRASS

One of the proposed site of Kargil S/S (Near village Minjhe on Kargil sankoo road near Chutak HEP of NHPC)

One of the land identified for Leh S/S (Near Phyang about 15 Kms ahead of Leh town)

slide47

National Grid by 2012

THE POWER ‘HIGHWAY’

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