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THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE

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THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE. Anatolian Turks Aka Ottomans. Warriors for Islam Formed military societies and followed strict Islamic code of conduct Raided territories of infidels (non Muslims). Used gunpowder and cannons to conquer Constantinople (1453)  end of Byzantine Empire

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slide2

Anatolian Turks

Aka Ottomans

Warriors for Islam

Formed military

societies and followed strict Islamic code of conduct

Raided

territories

of infidels

(non Muslims)

slide3

Used gunpowder and cannons to conquer Constantinople (1453)

 end of Byzantine Empire

    • Renamed the city Istanbul
    • Hagia Sophia becomes a

mosque

slide4

1514 – Ottomans defeated the Persians

    • Captured important cities
    • Gained territory and built an empire
ottoman empire at it s peak
Ottoman Empire at it’s Peak
  • Dominated the Eastern Mediterranean
  • Captured territory along N. African coastline
        • Controlled all trade into Africa
slide6

Denied Western Europe access to the Silk Road through the Mediterranean Sea

  •  This forced Western Europeans to look for alternate trade routes to Asia!
life under the ottomans
Life Under the Ottomans
  • Treated conquered people kindly (Jews and Christians)
  • Efficient government structure and organization
  • Simplified tax system
  • Reduced government bureaucracy
  • Cultural achievements
        • Art and literature
decline of the ottoman empire
Decline of the Ottoman Empire
  • Government corruption
  • Incapable leaders
  • Lasted until WWI
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