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The Impending Crisis. Chapter 13. Missouri Compromise. Westward Expansion complicated the issue of slavery Missouri Compromise Line drawn across the Louisiana Purchase. North of the line was ant-slavery, South of the line had slavery The compromise failed to answer the questions of the West.

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missouri compromise
Missouri Compromise
  • Westward Expansion complicated the issue of slavery
  • Missouri Compromise
    • Line drawn across the Louisiana Purchase. North of the line was ant-slavery, South of the line had slavery
    • The compromise failed to answer the questions of the West
drive west
Drive West
  • Many factors contributed to American’s desire to move West
    • New, fertile lands
    • Economic opportunities—gold, minerals, agriculture, ranching
    • Manifest Destiny—nationalism
    • Racial Justification—”American Race” was superior to Indians
  • Henry Clay and others felt that western expansion would divide the country on the issue of slavery—the Civil War was NO surprise!
americans in texas
Americans in Texas

Mexico controlled Texas until 1830’s

US tried to buy Texas

Mexico encouraged Americans to immigrate to Texas

1826 Texas tries to succeed from Mexico forming their own country called Fredonia

Mexico bans American immigration but by 1835, 30,000 American’s live in Texas

tensions between us and mexico
Tensions Between US and Mexico

Americans in Texas wanted to legalize slavery (Mexico had outlawed slavery years earlier)

1830 General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna takes control of the Mexican government and begins to push Americans out of Texas

Battle of the Alamo—Santa Anna uses force to push Americans out.

Sam Houston, at the battle of San Jacinto defeated Mexican Army and captures Santa Anna

Mexico sings treaty granted Texas independence

Texans want to be ANNEXED by the US but Northerners don’t want another slave state and many feared Texas would split the Union

Texas is its own country for a while

oregon
Oregon

Territory includes Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Montana, and Wyoming

US and Britain fight over sovereignty of the territory

Protestant Evangelists move to the territory to spread Christianity to the Native Americans and fight French Catholic expansion into the territory from Canada

Thousands of white settlers head out on the Oregon Trail

They bring with them measles which devastates the Indian population

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