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AE Senior Thesis 2010 Buffalo State College Science Building – Phase 1 Marie Ostrowski - Lighting/Electrical - April 14, 2010. INTRODUCTION. Project Overview College within the State University of New York system School of Natural and Social Sciences

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AE Senior Thesis2010

Buffalo State CollegeScience Building – Phase 1

Marie Ostrowski - Lighting/Electrical - April 14, 2010


INTRODUCTION

  • Project Overview

  • College within the State University of New York system

    • School of Natural and Social Sciences

  • New Science Building Phase 1 Addition - 96,000 ft2

  • Introduction & Project Overview

  • Lighting Depth

    • Working Space

    • FacadeAtrium

  • Daylighting (MAE)

  • Acoustical Breadth

  • LED Study (Honors)

  • Electrical Depth

  • Project Summary

  • Criteria:

    • Maintain Architect’s theme + Design Intent

    • Establish energy consumption/savings

    • Evaluate alternative motor controller arrangement

Buffalo State College

BSC Campus

source: www.maps.google.com

N

Courtesy of Cannon Design

source: www.buffalostate.edu


LIGHTING DEPTH

pts

  • Introduction & Project Overview

  • Lighting Depth

    • Working Space

    • FacadeAtrium

  • Daylighting (MAE)

  • Acoustical Breadth

  • LED Study (Honors)

  • Electrical Depth

  • Project Summary

Director’s Office *

Genetics Teaching Lab

Facade

Atrium

*Not presented


LIGHTING DEPTH – WORKING SPACE

GENETICS TEACHING LAB

F13

F14

F15

F16

F17

  • Introduction & Project Overview

  • Lighting Depth

    • Working Space

    • FacadeAtrium

  • Daylighting (MAE)

  • Acoustical Breadth

  • LED Study (Honors)

  • Electrical Depth

  • Project Summary

  • Goals

    • Flexible, efficient space

  • Criteria

    • LPD ≤ 1.4 W/ft2

    • 50 fc at task plane (36”)

    • Uniformity at Task Surfaces

  • Materials:

Furniture

Flooring

Walls

Ceiling


LIGHTING DEPTH – WORKING SPACE

2)

1 )

  • Introduction & Project Overview

  • Lighting Depth

    • Working Space

    • FacadeAtrium

  • Daylighting (MAE)

  • Acoustical Breadth

  • LED Study (Honors)

  • Electrical Depth

  • Project Summary

  • Performance:

    • LPD = 1.29W/ft2

    • Maximum ceiling luminance = 550 cd/m2

2 )

3)

2 ) Average Illuminance: 33.75 fcSwitched Ambient, Board + Perimeter On

3) Average Illuminance: 22.98 fcSwitched Ambient, Board On

Average Illuminance: 52.64 fcAll ambient and perimeter on


LIGHTING DEPTH – OUTDOOR SPACE

FACADE

L1 F11 F12

  • Introduction & Project Overview

  • Lighting Depth

    • Working Space

    • FacadeAtrium

  • Daylighting (MAE)

  • Acoustical Breadth

  • LED Study (Honors)

  • Electrical Depth

  • Project Summary

  • Goals

    • Expose interior corridor walls, create depth with varying light levels

  • Criteria

    • LPD :

      • 30 W/lin. Ft. (Entrance)

      • 1 W/lin. Ft. (Walkway)

  • 0.2 W/sq. ft (Façade)

    • 5fc at the entrance and walkway

  • Materials:

    • Alternating aluminum and clear glass panels


LIGHTING DEPTH – OUTDOOR SPACE

  • Introduction & Project Overview

  • Lighting Depth

    • Working Space

    • FacadeAtrium

  • Daylighting (MAE)

  • Acoustical Breadth

  • LED Study (Honors)

  • Electrical Depth

  • Project Summary

  • Performance:

    • LPD complies with 26W to spare considering the 5% unrestricted allowance

  • Average walkway illuminance 3.7fc


LIGHTING DEPTH – ATRIUM

atrium

F6 F7 F8 M1

  • Introduction & Project Overview

  • Lighting Depth

    • Working Space

    • FacadeAtrium

  • Daylighting (MAE)

  • Acoustical Breadth

  • LED Study (Honors)

  • Electrical Depth

  • Project Summary

  • Goals

    • Highlight height of space, create a sense of movement, mimic rectilinear geometries

  • Criteria

    • LPD :

      • 0.6 W/ft2 (Level 1)

      • 0.5 W/ft2 (Level 2 + 3)

    • Horizontal Illuminance: 10fc

  • Materials:

A

B

A

B

Existing Walls

Corridor Walls

Ceiling

Floor/Accent Wall


LIGHTING DEPTH – ATRIUM

atrium

F6 F7 F8 M1

  • Introduction & Project Overview

  • Lighting Depth

    • Working Space

    • FacadeAtrium

  • Daylighting (MAE)

  • Acoustical Breadth

  • LED Study (Honors)

  • Electrical Depth

  • Project Summary

  • Goals

    • Highlight height of space, create a sense of movement, mimic rectilinear geometries

  • Criteria

    • LPD :

      • 0.6 W/ft2 (Level 1)

      • 0.5 W/ft2 (Level 2 + 3)

    • Horizontal Illuminance: 10fc

  • Materials:

A

B

A

B

Existing Walls

Corridor Walls

Ceiling

Floor/Accent Wall


LIGHTING DEPTH – ATRIUM

atrium

F6 F7 F8 M1

  • Introduction & Project Overview

  • Lighting Depth

    • Working Space

    • FacadeAtrium

  • Daylighting (MAE)

  • Acoustical Breadth

  • LED Study (Honors)

  • Electrical Depth

  • Project Summary

  • Goals

    • Highlight height of space, create a sense of movement, mimic rectilinear geometries

  • Criteria

    • LPD :

      • 0.6 W/ft2 (Level 1)

      • 0.5 W/ft2 (Level 2 + 3)

    • Horizontal Illuminance: 10fc

  • Materials:

A

B

A

B

Existing Walls

Corridor Walls

Ceiling

Floor/Accent Wall


LIGHTING DEPTH – ATRIUM

  • Introduction & Project Overview

  • Lighting Depth

    • Working Space

    • FacadeAtrium

  • Daylighting (MAE)

  • Acoustical Breadth

  • LED Study (Honors)

  • Electrical Depth

  • Project Summary

  • Performance:

    • LPD

      • Level One = 0.62

      • Level Two = 0.28

      • Level Three = 0.35

    • Complies Overall

  • Average Illuminance

    • One: 12.84 fc

    • Two: 12.54 fc

    • Three: 18.67 fc


DAYLIGHTING

EXISTING SYSTEMS

Available Daylight

  • Introduction & Project Overview

  • Lighting Depth

    • Working Space

    • FacadeAtrium

  • Daylighting (MAE)

  • Acoustical Breadth

  • LED Study (Honors)

  • Electrical Depth

  • Project Summary


DAYLIGHTING

  • Proposed redesign

    • Electric Light Integration

    • - Open Loop Switching

    • - Three Zones

    • Energy Savings Summary

  • Introduction & Project Overview

  • Lighting Depth

    • Working Space

    • FacadeAtrium

  • Daylighting (MAE)

  • Acoustical Breadth

  • LED Study (Honors)

  • Electrical Depth

  • Project Summary


ACOUSTICAL BREADTH

  • ACOUSTICS

  • Carpeting vs. Tile Flooring

    • Existing

    • Level One Replaced w/ Carpeting

    • All Atrium Flooring Replaced w/ Carpeting

  • Comparison at 1,000 Hz

  • Target Range: 1.3-1.9 s

  • Results:

    • RT = 1.75

    • RT = 1.36

    • RT = 1.16

  • Introduction & Project Overview

  • Lighting Depth

    • Working Space

    • FacadeAtrium

  • Daylighting (MAE)

  • Acoustical Breadth

  • LED Study (Honors)

  • Electrical Depth

  • Project Summary


LED STUDY

LED Luminaire Options

  • Introduction & Project Overview

  • Lighting Depth

    • Working Space

    • FacadeAtrium

  • Daylighting (MAE)

  • Acoustical Breadth

  • LED Study (Honors)

  • Electrical Depth

  • Project Summary

  • 21 luminaires arranged perpendicular to tables

  • 2) 16 luminaires parallel and in between lab tables

Scenario 1

Scenario 2

Average Illuminance: 44.4 fc

Payback Period: 16 years

Average Illuminance: 41.5 fc

Payback Period: 7 years


ELECTRICAL DEPTH

  • Motor Controller Center Design

  • Existing Distribution

  • Direct Replacement: Motor Loads = 2867.9 A

  • Removing Chillers: Motor Loads = 1341.9 A

    • -reduces size of incoming feeder bus

  • Introduction & Project Overview

  • Lighting Depth

    • Working Space

    • FacadeAtrium

  • Daylighting (MAE)

  • Acoustical Breadth

  • LED Study (Honors)

  • Electrical Depth

  • Project Summary


PROJECT SUMMARY

  • summary

    • LIGHTING: Illuminated spaces to satisfy IESNA standards and ASHRAE power requirements

    • DAYLIGHTING: Reduced annual energy consumption by over 50% with integrated photosensor system

    • ACOUSTICS: Validated improvements with alternative flooring; not critical to implement

    • LED STUDY: Alternative general illumination system for labs insufficient

    • ELECTRICAL: MCC designed for mechanical penthouse is not practical

  • Introduction & Project Overview

  • Lighting Depth

    • Working Space

    • FacadeAtrium

  • Daylighting (MAE)

  • Acoustical Breadth

  • LED Study (Honors)

  • Electrical Depth

  • Project Summary


Acknowledgements

Thank you to:

AE FacultyCannon Design

Family

Classmates + Friends

thank you


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