Fruit tree pruning
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Fruit Tree Pruning. John Strang U.K. Dept. of Horticulture. Reasons for Pruning. Reduce tree size Control tree shape Make trees structurally strong. Reasons for Pruning. Improve light penetration Flower bud initiation Fruit color Pest control. Reasons for Pruning.

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Fruit Tree Pruning

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Fruit Tree Pruning

John Strang

U.K. Dept. of Horticulture


Reasons for Pruning

  • Reduce tree size

  • Control tree shape

  • Make trees structurally strong


Reasons for Pruning

  • Improve light penetration

    • Flower bud initiation

    • Fruit color

    • Pest control


Reasons for Pruning

  • Removal of diseased wood

    • Fruit rot control


Partially reduce crop load

Facilitate cultural operations

Reasons for Pruning


Reasons for Pruning

  • Keep the crop close to the ground


When to Prune

  • Dormant season

    • February – bloom

    • Prune old trees first

    • Young trees last

  • Exceptions

    • Peaches after bloom


Pruning Equipment


Types of Cuts


Types of Cuts


Avoid Leaving Branch Stubs


Pruning


Pruning


Remove Narrow Branch Angles

Strong

Weak


Branch Spreading


Opens tree up for sunlight and spray penetration

Reduces shoot and limb vigor

Encourages flowering

Branch Spreading

Too little

Too much


Apple Limb Spreading


Apple Central Leader Pruning


Apple Pruning


Central Leader Tree


Pear Pruning – Multiple Leader


Pear Pruning – Multiple Leader


Pear Pruning – Multiple Leader


Pear Pruning – Multiple Leader


Peach Pruning –Open Center or Vase


Peach Pruning Open Center or Vase


Peach Pruning


Peach Pruning


Peach Pruning


Peach Pruning


Tart Cherry Pruning


Tart Cherry Pruning


Tart Cherry Pruning


Apple – Dwarf High Density

  • Slender Spindle

  • French Axe

  • Vertical Axis

  • See HortFact-3501

    • Training and Culture of Dwarf Apples Using the Vertical Axis System


Pruning Neglected Trees


Remove dead wood

Reduce tree height

Cut out 3-4 large branches

Cut back to outward growing branches

Pruning Neglected Trees


Pruning Neglected Trees


Pruning Neglected Trees


Pruning Neglected Apple Trees


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