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Fruit Tree Pruning. John Strang U.K. Dept. of Horticulture. Reasons for Pruning. Reduce tree size Control tree shape Make trees structurally strong. Reasons for Pruning. Improve light penetration Flower bud initiation Fruit color Pest control. Reasons for Pruning.

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fruit tree pruning

Fruit Tree Pruning

John Strang

U.K. Dept. of Horticulture

reasons for pruning
Reasons for Pruning
  • Reduce tree size
  • Control tree shape
  • Make trees structurally strong
reasons for pruning1
Reasons for Pruning
  • Improve light penetration
    • Flower bud initiation
    • Fruit color
    • Pest control
reasons for pruning2
Reasons for Pruning
  • Removal of diseased wood
    • Fruit rot control
reasons for pruning3
Partially reduce crop load

Facilitate cultural operations

Reasons for Pruning
reasons for pruning4
Reasons for Pruning
  • Keep the crop close to the ground
when to prune
When to Prune
  • Dormant season
    • February – bloom
    • Prune old trees first
    • Young trees last
  • Exceptions
    • Peaches after bloom
branch spreading1
Opens tree up for sunlight and spray penetration

Reduces shoot and limb vigor

Encourages flowering

Branch Spreading

Too little

Too much

apple dwarf high density
Apple – Dwarf High Density
  • Slender Spindle
  • French Axe
  • Vertical Axis
  • See HortFact-3501
    • Training and Culture of Dwarf Apples Using the Vertical Axis System
pruning neglected trees1
Remove dead wood

Reduce tree height

Cut out 3-4 large branches

Cut back to outward growing branches

Pruning Neglected Trees
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