Fruit tree pruning
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Fruit Tree Pruning. John Strang U.K. Dept. of Horticulture. Reasons for Pruning. Reduce tree size Control tree shape Make trees structurally strong. Reasons for Pruning. Improve light penetration Flower bud initiation Fruit color Pest control. Reasons for Pruning.

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Fruit Tree Pruning

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Fruit tree pruning

Fruit Tree Pruning

John Strang

U.K. Dept. of Horticulture


Reasons for pruning

Reasons for Pruning

  • Reduce tree size

  • Control tree shape

  • Make trees structurally strong


Reasons for pruning1

Reasons for Pruning

  • Improve light penetration

    • Flower bud initiation

    • Fruit color

    • Pest control


Reasons for pruning2

Reasons for Pruning

  • Removal of diseased wood

    • Fruit rot control


Reasons for pruning3

Partially reduce crop load

Facilitate cultural operations

Reasons for Pruning


Reasons for pruning4

Reasons for Pruning

  • Keep the crop close to the ground


When to prune

When to Prune

  • Dormant season

    • February – bloom

    • Prune old trees first

    • Young trees last

  • Exceptions

    • Peaches after bloom


Pruning equipment

Pruning Equipment


Types of cuts

Types of Cuts


Types of cuts1

Types of Cuts


Avoid leaving branch stubs

Avoid Leaving Branch Stubs


Pruning

Pruning


Pruning1

Pruning


Remove narrow branch angles

Remove Narrow Branch Angles

Strong

Weak


Branch spreading

Branch Spreading


Branch spreading1

Opens tree up for sunlight and spray penetration

Reduces shoot and limb vigor

Encourages flowering

Branch Spreading

Too little

Too much


Apple limb spreading

Apple Limb Spreading


Apple central leader pruning

Apple Central Leader Pruning


Apple pruning

Apple Pruning


Central leader tree

Central Leader Tree


Pear pruning multiple leader

Pear Pruning – Multiple Leader


Pear pruning multiple leader1

Pear Pruning – Multiple Leader


Pear pruning multiple leader2

Pear Pruning – Multiple Leader


Pear pruning multiple leader3

Pear Pruning – Multiple Leader


Peach pruning open center or vase

Peach Pruning –Open Center or Vase


Peach pruning open center or vase1

Peach Pruning Open Center or Vase


Peach pruning

Peach Pruning


Peach pruning1

Peach Pruning


Peach pruning2

Peach Pruning


Peach pruning3

Peach Pruning


Tart cherry pruning

Tart Cherry Pruning


Tart cherry pruning1

Tart Cherry Pruning


Tart cherry pruning2

Tart Cherry Pruning


Apple dwarf high density

Apple – Dwarf High Density

  • Slender Spindle

  • French Axe

  • Vertical Axis

  • See HortFact-3501

    • Training and Culture of Dwarf Apples Using the Vertical Axis System


Pruning neglected trees

Pruning Neglected Trees


Pruning neglected trees1

Remove dead wood

Reduce tree height

Cut out 3-4 large branches

Cut back to outward growing branches

Pruning Neglected Trees


Pruning neglected trees2

Pruning Neglected Trees


Pruning neglected trees3

Pruning Neglected Trees


Pruning neglected apple trees

Pruning Neglected Apple Trees


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