Children with disabilities hrba equity and inclusive development mozambique may 2012
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Children with Disabilities HRBA, Equity and Inclusive Development Mozambique, May 2012. Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Article 1 - Purpose

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Children with disabilities hrba equity and inclusive development mozambique may 2012

Children with Disabilities HRBA, Equity and Inclusive DevelopmentMozambique, May 2012


Convention on the rights of persons with disabilities

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

Article 1 - Purpose

To promote, protect and ensure the full and equal enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedoms by all persons with disabilities, and to promote respect for their inherent dignity.

Persons with disabilities include those who have long-term physical, mental, intellectual or sensory impairments which in interaction with various barriers may hinder their full and effective participation in society on an equal basis with others.

  • CRPD

  • 153 signatories

  • 110 ratifications

Optional Protocol

  • 90 signatories

  • 63 ratifications


Unicef s mandate

UNICEF’s Mandate

UNICEF’s mission statement:

  • priority to the most disadvantaged children;

  • identifies CWD as being among the most disadvantaged ;

  • requiring special protection.

    CRC, together with CRPD and CEDAW:

    - UNICEF foundation to uphold the civil, cultural, economic, political, and social rights of all girls, boys and women in the world, including those with disabilities.


Disability terminology

Disability Terminology

The CRPD institutes:

- PERSON(S) WITH DISABILITIES

Also Correct:

  • individual(s) with disability or disabilities

  • people with disabilities or disability

    Disabled Peoplealso acceptable.


Traditional model

I will kill you

so you stop

suffering

Traditional Model

Disabilities as:- Will of God/test from God- Divine punishment

- More humane to end “life of pain/suffering”

Charity Model

People with disabilities considered:

  • inferior, useless, dependent

  • A burden to society, live on charity, lower social status

  • Families hide them out of shame

  • Objects of pity, humiliated in relationships with others


Medical or biological model post ww ii

Medical or Biological Model -- Post WW II

Problem belongs to individual: disability results directly from impairment of the person.

  • Disability considered only a health problem, medical issue

  • Solutions decided by "experts”, based on diagnosis

  • Focus in elimination or cure of disability, “normalization”

    (includes pre-natal genetic testing & selective abortion)

EMPLOYMENT

We will rehabilitate

you so you can overcome all barriers


The 70 s disability movement social inclusion

The 70’s : Disability Movement & Social Inclusion

  • People with disabilities are part of society and inclusion must be promoted (health, education, training, work…)

  • Independent living movement is born

  • PwD are organized,

    get stronger

  • Sectors of society,

    especially “disability

    professionals”,

    see this as cause to

    worry


Children with disabilities hrba equity and inclusive development mozambique may 2012

MEDICAL MODEL

He cannot vote because he is disabled.

SOCIAL/HR MODEL

He cannot vote because the stairs prevent him from reaching the ballot box.

From MEDICAL to SOCIAL model


Children with disabilities hrba equity and inclusive development mozambique may 2012

HOW IS DISABILITY DEFINED AFTER THE CRPD?

Interaction between persons with different levels of functioning and an environment that does not take those differences into consideration.

Disability= Functioning limitation x Environment

Note: we are using “functioning limitation” as a synonym of “impairment”.


Children with disabilities hrba equity and inclusive development mozambique may 2012

Environment Impact in the relation between disability and functioning

FL 1x E 0 => 0 Disability

FL 5 x E 0 => 0Disability

FL 1x E 1 = 1 Disability

FL 5 x E 5 = 25 Disability

FL: FUNCTIONING LIMITATION

E: ENVIRONMENT


Children with disabilities hrba equity and inclusive development mozambique may 2012

Disability is part of each and every individual’s life cycle

Beyond the typical areas of impairments (physical, sensory, intellectual and mental), people in general face ‘disabling’ conditions in a society that is unprepared for diversity.


Children with disabilities hrba equity and inclusive development mozambique may 2012

This could be the SAME person at different times of their life

Why not make life easier for all?


Children with disabilities hrba equity and inclusive development mozambique may 2012

Every day, new causes of disability…

Advances in medicine HIV-AIDS survivors =

= higher life expectancy.

People living with AIDS potentially living with disability associated with, or as consequence of, medication.

Also, PwD at risk of contracting STI, HIV-Aids due to greater vulnerability to sexual abuse, and lack of access to information, communication and services.


Children with disabilities hrba equity and inclusive development mozambique may 2012

Equity issue becomes clear when

1+1= minus 2

Gender + disability

Minorities + disability

Indigenous + disability

Race + disability

Refugees + disability

Orphans + disability

Poverty + disability

and other associations, including all of the above

INVISIBILITY – STIGMA - EXCLUSION

most excluded are the ones with multiple factors combined


Functioning diversity environment

Equity = Equal Opportunities

Functioning Diversity Environment

To guarantee a fair selection, all will have the same exact test – climb up on that tree.


Children with disabilities hrba equity and inclusive development mozambique may 2012

INCLUSIVE DESIGN

None of them would be able to open that door…


Children with disabilities hrba equity and inclusive development mozambique may 2012

INCLUSIVE DESIGN

A HUMAN-CENTERED DESIGN


Children with disabilities hrba equity and inclusive development mozambique may 2012

  • All principles, actions and components should be conceived under an inclusive approach, from design to implementation.

  • Persons with

  • disabilities

  • should be

  • visible and

  • actively engage

  • in all phases

Inclusive & Sustainable Public Policies


Children with disabilities hrba equity and inclusive development mozambique may 2012

It is estimated that the additional costs to bring inclusive access to infrastructure is lower than 1% in the stage of designing and planning


Children with disabilities hrba equity and inclusive development mozambique may 2012

Poverty & Disability

WHO/WB estimate approximately 15 percent of world’s population has a disability. This translates into overa million people, at least 200 million being children with disabilities (CWD), 80% of them living in developing countries.


Children with disabilities hrba equity and inclusive development mozambique may 2012

Vicious cycle between poverty and disability

Poverty not only from economic perspective, but social exclusion and powerlessness


Children with disabilities hrba equity and inclusive development mozambique may 2012

Causes of Impairments

About 80% of disabilities have causes associated to poverty.An estimated 130 million people globally acquired a disability due to malnutrition.


Children with disabilities hrba equity and inclusive development mozambique may 2012

Disability and Conflict

High prevalence of disability amongst conflict-affected populations: ex-combatants, civilian and refugees.

Refugees with disabilities face double vulnerability of being a refugee and having a disability.


Disability and education

Disability and Education

Estimated 40 million of 115 million out-of-school children have disabilities.

UNESCO: 90% of children with disabilities in developing countries do not attend school; therefore absent in school data sets, and invisible on national policy agenda.

Estimated 30% of world’s children who live on the street are children with disabilities.


Disability child mortality and child protection

Disability, Child Mortality and Child Protection

In Kazakhstan, 80% of fathers are reported to abandon their wife and familyupon the birth of a child with a disability(ADB). The situation is similar elsewhere.

Mortality for children with disabilities may be as high as 80% in countries where under-five mortality, as a whole, has fallen to below 20%.

In some cases, it seems as if disabled children are being “weeded out.”(DfID, UK)


Children with disabilities hrba equity and inclusive development mozambique may 2012

Disability Data in Mozambique

  • Nearly a third (26%) of the total number of households have one or more members with disabilities, while just 6% of people have participated in the 2009 INE/SINTEF survey have a disability.

  • Given the methodological procedures of the research, the prevalence of disability in Mozambique for this study is estimated at 6.5%.

  • The proportion of women and men in the group was almost the same, 5.3% and 6.5% respectively.

  • Generally, PWDs in Mozambique have an average age of 35 years of age while those without disabilities have an average age of 21 years.

  • 36 households (5.8%) had more than one member with disabilities.

  • Half of people with disabilities (52%) reported that their disability was due to adisease. However, no medical check was made ​​to find out types of diseases. Over a fifth (24%) reported disability from birth.


Children with disabilities hrba equity and inclusive development mozambique may 2012

PWDs Living Conditions Study in MOZ

  • Education: A higher proportion than normal of PWD who have never attended school; or have a low frequency; or high dropout rate. Men with disabilities have a higher proportion of school dropout than women (65%).

  • A higher proportion of women with disabilities have never attended school (53%) - twice than of women without disabilities, as well as men with and without disabilities.

  • The proportion of PCD who can write was higher than the general population (24% versus 15%). Almost a quarter of PCD cannot write while in the general population the proportion is less than 1/6. The number of women/men with disabilities who cannot write was higher than that of the general population.

  • Communication and information: availability and accessibility to telephone, radio, television, internet, banking facilities, newspapers, post office and library. PWDs have significantly limited access to different forms of communication and information compared to the general population.


Children with disabilities hrba equity and inclusive development mozambique may 2012

Inclusive Development

Based on Human Rights and Equity Approaches:

Recognizes DIVERSITYas fundamental aspect in process of socioeconomic and human development.

Recognizes the contribution that each human being can maketo development process.

Promotes an integrated strategy benefiting society as a whole, rather than implementing isolated policies and actions.

Is an effective approach for overcoming social exclusion, combating poverty and ensuring social and economic sustainability.

Sustainable Development means Inclusive Development!!!


Children with disabilities hrba equity and inclusive development mozambique may 2012

Strategies for Promoting Inclusive Development

Across all MTSP FAs:

  • Build on existing opportunities; propose inclusive strategies in initiatives already being implemented;

  • Develop capacities among different actors to advocate and negotiate for inclusive policies, programs, humanitarian actions;

  • Establish mechanisms for participation and collaboration ofPwD,CwD & families in design, implementation, M&E of policies, programs and humanitarian actions.

  • Invest in public discourse & communication to change attitudes towards people with disabilities.


Children with disabilities hrba equity and inclusive development mozambique may 2012

PREVENTION: ALL OF US HAVE A ROLE TO PLAY


Thank you

THANK YOU!

Rosangela Berman BielerChief, Disability UnitGender, Rights and Civic Engagement SectionProgram DivisionUNICEFThree United Nations Plaza, Room 452, New York, NY 10017Tel: 212-824-6067 - Fax: 212-735-4420e-mail: [email protected] web site: www.unicef.org


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