Children with Disabilities HRBA, Equity and Inclusive Development Mozambique, May 2012. Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Article 1 - Purpose
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Article 1 - Purpose
To promote, protect and ensure the full and equal enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedoms by all persons with disabilities, and to promote respect for their inherent dignity.
Persons with disabilities include those who have long-term physical, mental, intellectual or sensory impairments which in interaction with various barriers may hinder their full and effective participation in society on an equal basis with others.
UNICEF’s mission statement:
CRC, together with CRPD and CEDAW:
- UNICEF foundation to uphold the civil, cultural, economic, political, and social rights of all girls, boys and women in the world, including those with disabilities.
The CRPD institutes:
- PERSON(S) WITH DISABILITIES
Disabled Peoplealso acceptable.
I will kill you
so you stop
Disabilities as:- Will of God/test from God- Divine punishment
- More humane to end “life of pain/suffering”
People with disabilities considered:
Problem belongs to individual: disability results directly from impairment of the person.
(includes pre-natal genetic testing & selective abortion)
We will rehabilitate
you so you can overcome all barriers
see this as cause to
He cannot vote because he is disabled.
He cannot vote because the stairs prevent him from reaching the ballot box.
From MEDICAL to SOCIAL model
HOW IS DISABILITY DEFINED AFTER THE CRPD?
Interaction between persons with different levels of functioning and an environment that does not take those differences into consideration.
Disability= Functioning limitation x Environment
Note: we are using “functioning limitation” as a synonym of “impairment”.
Environment Impact in the relation between disability and functioning
FL 1x E 0 => 0 Disability
FL 5 x E 0 => 0Disability
FL 1x E 1 = 1 Disability
FL 5 x E 5 = 25 Disability
FL: FUNCTIONING LIMITATION
Disability is part of each and every individual’s life cycle
Beyond the typical areas of impairments (physical, sensory, intellectual and mental), people in general face ‘disabling’ conditions in a society that is unprepared for diversity.
This could be the SAME person at different times of their life
Why not make life easier for all?
Every day, new causes of disability…
Advances in medicine HIV-AIDS survivors =
= higher life expectancy.
People living with AIDS potentially living with disability associated with, or as consequence of, medication.
Also, PwD at risk of contracting STI, HIV-Aids due to greater vulnerability to sexual abuse, and lack of access to information, communication and services.
Equity issue becomes clear when
1+1= minus 2
Gender + disability
Minorities + disability
Indigenous + disability
Race + disability
Refugees + disability
Orphans + disability
Poverty + disability
and other associations, including all of the above
INVISIBILITY – STIGMA - EXCLUSION
most excluded are the ones with multiple factors combined
Equity = Equal Opportunities
To guarantee a fair selection, all will have the same exact test – climb up on that tree.
None of them would be able to open that door…
A HUMAN-CENTERED DESIGN
Inclusive & Sustainable Public Policies
It is estimated that the additional costs to bring inclusive access to infrastructure is lower than 1% in the stage of designing and planning
Poverty & Disability
WHO/WB estimate approximately 15 percent of world’s population has a disability. This translates into overa million people, at least 200 million being children with disabilities (CWD), 80% of them living in developing countries.
Vicious cycle between poverty and disability
Poverty not only from economic perspective, but social exclusion and powerlessness
Causes of Impairments
About 80% of disabilities have causes associated to poverty.An estimated 130 million people globally acquired a disability due to malnutrition.
Disability and Conflict
High prevalence of disability amongst conflict-affected populations: ex-combatants, civilian and refugees.
Refugees with disabilities face double vulnerability of being a refugee and having a disability.
Estimated 40 million of 115 million out-of-school children have disabilities.
UNESCO: 90% of children with disabilities in developing countries do not attend school; therefore absent in school data sets, and invisible on national policy agenda.
Estimated 30% of world’s children who live on the street are children with disabilities.
In Kazakhstan, 80% of fathers are reported to abandon their wife and familyupon the birth of a child with a disability(ADB). The situation is similar elsewhere.
Mortality for children with disabilities may be as high as 80% in countries where under-five mortality, as a whole, has fallen to below 20%.
In some cases, it seems as if disabled children are being “weeded out.”(DfID, UK)
Disability Data in Mozambique
PWDs Living Conditions Study in MOZ
Based on Human Rights and Equity Approaches:
Recognizes DIVERSITYas fundamental aspect in process of socioeconomic and human development.
Recognizes the contribution that each human being can maketo development process.
Promotes an integrated strategy benefiting society as a whole, rather than implementing isolated policies and actions.
Is an effective approach for overcoming social exclusion, combating poverty and ensuring social and economic sustainability.
Sustainable Development means Inclusive Development!!!
Strategies for Promoting Inclusive Development
Across all MTSP FAs:
PREVENTION: ALL OF US HAVE A ROLE TO PLAY
Rosangela Berman BielerChief, Disability UnitGender, Rights and Civic Engagement SectionProgram DivisionUNICEFThree United Nations Plaza, Room 452, New York, NY 10017Tel: 212-824-6067 - Fax: 212-735-4420e-mail: [email protected] web site: www.unicef.org