Titan Project 5 year plan. Presented by Martin caygill Reyan Rutherford Shaun Lynn Will Fisher. Recent plant performance. Currently profitable Predictions of steady upswing in the industry Competition from European sector Increase growth of 2.3%/year
Martin caygillReyan RutherfordShaun LynnWill Fisher
The sites location would be in close proximity to ore deposits, reducing costs of transporting the ore to the plant, and therefore maximizing profit.
Largest sources of ore are found in beach sand deposits on the coast of Australia, India, South Africa and the United States.
However consumption of TiO2 is very low in India meaning that the majority of produce would be for the export market.
TiO2 nH2O(aq) TiO2(s) + nH2O(l)
TiSO4(aq) TiO2 nH20(aq) + H2SO4(l)
The anatase is produced by removing a small portion of the liquor and neutralizing it with a suitable base.
Ilmenite ore is digested by Sulphuric acid
FeTiO3 (s) + 2H2SO4(l) TiSO4(aq) + FeSO4(aq) +2H2O(l)
This is a continuous process
Which are reintroduced to the mother liquor and then hydrolyzed.
The end product is then washed, calcined under high temperatures and then micronized to produce the end product
The TiO2 from the beginning is present in the form of soluble titanium sulphate.
This produces anatase micro crystals
Process is easier to handle because of batch process
Production does not directly stop if one step fails
In general, the production costs are higher than that of the chloride process
The TiO2 ore is fed into a chlorinator. Inside, the ore forms a bed and is fluidised by an air stream.
The temperature is increased to above 650o and then crushed coke is added on top.
TiO2(impure) + 2Cl2 + C TiCl4 + CO2
The TiCl4 siphoned away from the reaction vessel and distilled to form a purer TiCl4
TiCl4 + O2 TiO2(pure) + 2Cl2
This is then oxidized to produce Titanium dioxide and chlorine.
The air stream stops and is replaced by chlorine, producing titanium tetrachloride.
mixture ignites, temperature increases independantly.
In general, the production costs are lower than that of the sulphate process
stainless steel autoclave
stainless steel lid
Over the next five years we believe the best course of action is to begin by cleaning up the sulphate process plant by acid recycling and environmentally friendly methods of effluent disposal, with a view to moving into nanotechnology production within five years due to its considerably lower cost, high yields and the environmentally safe nature of solvothermal synthesis of titanium dioxide.