C i feedback to tfeip
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C&I feedback to TFEIP. Expert Panel meeting 14 May 2013Jeroen Kuenen, Carlo Trozzi. Topics on the agenda. General issues Updates to the Guidebook Proposed changes to NFR Presentations of new research Solvent VOC emission inventory for EU27 BC and OC emission inventory for Norway

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C&I feedback to TFEIP

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C i feedback to tfeip

C&I feedback to TFEIP

Expert Panel meeting 14 May 2013Jeroen Kuenen, Carlo Trozzi


Topics on the agenda

Jeroen Kuenen, Carlo TrozziC&I feedback to TFEIP

Topics on the agenda

  • General issues

    • Updates to the Guidebook

    • Proposed changes to NFR

  • Presentations of new research

    • Solvent VOC emission inventory for EU27

    • BC and OC emission inventory for Norway

    • Benzene emission inventory

    • Condensable organics


Guidebook update

Jeroen Kuenen, Carlo TrozziC&I feedback to TFEIP

Guidebook update

  • Task 1

    • Black carbon included for all relevant sources with text and emission factors

    • BC rather than EC although often they might be the same

    • Black carbon in the GB expressed as % of PM2.5

    • For some sources, e.g. brown coal, no data available (NE)


Guidebook update1

Jeroen Kuenen, Carlo TrozziC&I feedback to TFEIP

Guidebook update

  • Task 2

    • Consistency check for all chapters, and corrections were made where possible

    • Trace back the original references

    • Same references in one table where possible (harmonizing PM and HM for instance)

    • Important to note that not everything could be solved

      • Many references to Guidebook (2006) or other unpublished literature remain


Guidebook update2

Jeroen Kuenen, Carlo TrozziC&I feedback to TFEIP

Guidebook update

  • Task 3: update to solvent use (domestic & other)

    • Tier 1 for 3.D.2 and 3.D.3 improved based on selected IIRs

    • Tier 2 where possible updated (not to relate to capita but actual product mass)

  • Task 4: small combustion

    • Chapter with lot of information but unclear references

    • Annexes not changed; question whether to keep in future

    • Measurement techniques for PM remain a big issue here


Guidebook update3

Jeroen Kuenen, Carlo TrozziC&I feedback to TFEIP

Guidebook update

  • Task 5: Fugitive sources

    • Most chapters updated with new emission factors

  • C&I Expert Panel recommends TFEIP to approve all the relevant chapters for Combustion & Industry

  • Important to stress that the Guidebook is far from finished and further work will remain needed over the next years


Nfr changes power plants

Jeroen Kuenen, Carlo TrozziC&I feedback to TFEIP

NFR changes – power plants

  • Propose to split 1.A.1.a in 3 sectors, recognizing heat and electricity production separately

  • Expert Panel recommends not to do this (keep 1.A.1.a as one sector)


Industry combustion

Jeroen Kuenen, Carlo TrozziC&I feedback to TFEIP

Industry (combustion)

Not change (leave as 1.A.1.c)

Non metallic minerals


Fugitives 1 b only renaming of sectors

Jeroen Kuenen, Carlo TrozziC&I feedback to TFEIP

Fugitives (1.B): only renaming of sectors


Mineral industry 2 a

Jeroen Kuenen, Carlo TrozziC&I feedback to TFEIP

Mineral industry (2.A)

Only one category 2.A.4


Chemical industry 2 b ep recommends not to introduce new sectors here take out 2b4 and 2b6 2b8

Jeroen Kuenen, Carlo TrozziC&I feedback to TFEIP

ChemicalIndustry (2.B)EP recommends not to introduce new sectors here (take out 2B4 and 2B6-2B8)

2B10a

2B10b


Metal industry 2 c

Jeroen Kuenen, Carlo TrozziC&I feedback to TFEIP

Metal industry (2.C)


Other industrial processes old 2 d 2 g

Jeroen Kuenen, Carlo TrozziC&I feedback to TFEIP

Other industrial processes (old 2.D-2.G)

Probably 2H4 can be deleted


Product use old nfr 3 and related activities

Jeroen Kuenen, Carlo TrozziC&I feedback to TFEIP

Product use (old NFR 3) and related activities

Not (all) product use, leave in 2.A

Replace with other system, e.g. REACH based?

Not now – no time!


Waste old nfr 6

Jeroen Kuenen, Carlo TrozziC&I feedback to TFEIP

Waste (old NFR 6)


Solvent use

Jeroen Kuenen, Carlo TrozziC&I feedback to TFEIP

Solvent use

  • Industry made available solvent VOC emission inventory, based on solvent companies reporting their sales data

    • Estimated VOC content and import/export

    • Country and sector specific estimates are now available to us

    • Further work ahead to investigate the differences

UNITS IN KILOTONNES

ESIG EEA

2008 2159 3335

2009 1917 3050


Norwegian bc oc inventory

Jeroen Kuenen, Carlo TrozziC&I feedback to TFEIP

Norwegian BC/OC inventory

  • BC & OC inventory developed for Norway

    • Based largely on GAINS BC/OC shares in PM2.5

    • New EFs for fuelwood for PM2.5 used

      • New stoves better than old stoves but mainly in energy efficiency and not so much in emission characteristics

BC

OC


Benzene

Jeroen Kuenen, Carlo TrozziC&I feedback to TFEIP

Benzene

  • Benzene is carcinogenic to humans, and no safe level of exposure can be recommended

  • EU legislation set limit to air concentrations

  • No benzene EFs are included in TFEIP GB

  • Combustion of wood has become the largest source of emission and is likely to grow in future years

  • In the presentation a lot of EFs is reported that can be a starting point for GB update


Condensables

Jeroen Kuenen, Carlo TrozziC&I feedback to TFEIP

Condensables

  • PM consists of two parts

  • Currently in different countries and different sectors, emission measurements and emission factors

  • Specifically for residential combustion (wood) this is very important

    • Filterable PM represents only ~25% of total PM2.5

    • For NL we are talking about 4-5 kton PM2.5 (30% of total!)

    • Major issue for modellers: they underestimate PM

  • How to deal with this?

    • Need to look further into this and assess impact – spread the message!

    • Not everybody likes to see sudden emission increases

    • PM filterable/condensable separately?


Work plan 2013 2014

Jeroen Kuenen, Carlo TrozziC&I feedback to TFEIP

Work plan 2013/2014

  • Continuous improvement of the Guidebook chapters

    • Main issue – as always – funding

    • Make priority list of further improvements to be made

  • Finalise the new NFR structure and update the sector conversion sheets (SNAP, etc.)

  • Continue work with solvent industry to improve VOC inventories

    • Understanding the differences

    • Look into possibility of changing our source category system to move away from uncertain sectors 3D2 & 3D3

  • Stress the importance of measurement techniques on PM emissions and concentrations


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