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Section 1. Presidential Reconstruction. If you were the president what would you require Texas to do before Texas could rejoin the United States?. Imagine you are a slave and your owner just told you that you are free. What are some good things bout that?.

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Section 1

Section 1

Presidential Reconstruction


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If you were the president what would you require Texas to do before Texas could rejoin the United States?


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Imagine you are a slave and your owner just told you that you are free. What are some good things bout that?


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What challenges will you face now that you are free?


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Reconstruction

Political Life

Economic Life

Social Life

New state

constitution

Adjust to a new

labor system

Develop the

status of the

African Americans

Reject

secession

Repair war

damage

Abolish

slavery


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term

visual

definition

personal association

freedman

a person who has been freed from slavery

Life was not easy for freedmen.


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Emancipation

President Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863.

The first reading of the Emancipation Proclamation before the cabinet / painted by F.B. Carpenter ; engraved by A.H. Ritchie.


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term

visual

definition

personal association

civil rights

rights belonging to all citizens

Voting exercises one’s civil rights.


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Emancipation

Juneteenth

Emancipation reaches Texas on June 19, 1865. Juneteenth has been celebrated as a holiday by African-American Texans since 1865.


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Freedmen’s Bureau

  • established by Congress

  • helped former slaves adapt to a free life

  • provided food, shelter, medicine, legal help, job education

  • created schools for African American children


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The Thirteenth Amendment

Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.

Section 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.


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term

visual

definition

personal association

amendment

a change made to a law, bill or document

The 1st Amendment guarantees our freedom of speech.


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term

visual

definition

personal association

veto

refusal by a head of government to sign a bill passed by the legislature

President Johnson vetoed bills passed by Congress.


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Johnson’s Plan

  • Four requirements for re-admission to the United States:

    • States had to end slavery.

    • States had to declare that their secessions had been illegal.

    • States had to cancel all war debts.

    • Adult white males had to pledge loyalty to the United States.


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  • Congress rejected Texas readmission to the Union because Texas had:

    • rejected the 13th Amendment

    • implemented the Black Codes

    • elected former Confederates to leadership positions


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