Say, what? L/O: to explore the processes that allow new meanings to emerge. Key terms : Neologism – a new word (generally through science and technology) (iphone, ipad) Acronym – a word made of the initial letters of all the words in a name or a phrase (NASA)
Neologism – a new word (generally through science and technology) (iphone, ipad)
Acronym – a word made of the initial letters of all the words in a name or a phrase (NASA)
Initialism – a phrase often abbreviated to initial letters used on a regular basis(NQT)
Trademark erosion/antonomasia– when a company name or product name takes the place of the object (Hoover)
Portmanteau – another word (and a fancier one!) for blends (shopping + alcoholic = shopaholic)
Last lesson, we considered some of the languages that have fed into the English languages. Which languages have highly influenced English?
Folk people nation
Write a sentence in Old English, then change it to French, then Greek/Latin
What can you say about the effects these languages have had on modern English?
By what processes do meanings emerge?
1. Look at the Coco Chanel example and the commentary.
Look at how the commentary explains how the use of language reflects the topic and the function.
Challenge: What about the audience and register?
2. Look back at the Regan and King speeches and write a brief paragraph about the difference in language choice alters the register between the texts and how this might relate to purpose and/or implied audience?
We’re going to shift our attention, now, from etymology and its relation to register, to processes by which words and meanings are introduced, changed, developed… We’re going to become neologists!
Can you think of any words that have entered the language via any of the routes/processes mentioned?
Clegg (antonomasia/Trademark erosion):