The Cancer Killer. Yao Qiang Renal Division, Renji Hospital, SSMU 2005.5. Words in the short. Treatment with drugs that kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy The use of high-energy radiation from x-rays, gamma rays, neutrons, and other sources to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors .
Renal Division, Renji Hospital, SSMU
Radiation may come from a machine outside the body (external-beam radiation therapy), or it may come from radioactive material placed in the body near cancer cells (internal radiation therapy, implant radiation, or brachytherapy). Systemic radiotherapy uses a radioactive substance, such as a radiolabeled monoclonal antibody, that circulates throughout the body. Also called radiation therapy.
Chemical combination (combination chemotherapy)
In partial remission, some, but not all, signs and symptoms of cancer have disappeared.
In complete remission, all signs and symptoms of cancer have disappeared, although cancer still may be in the body.
Stem cells 干细胞
Drug resistant 抗药物性
Mutations may be caused by mistakes during cell division, or they may be caused by exposure to DNA-damaging agents in the environment. Mutations can be harmful, beneficial, or have no effect. If they occur in cells that make eggs or sperm, they can be inherited; if mutations occur in other types of cells, they are not inherited. Certain mutations may lead to cancer or other diseases.
Some oncologists specialize in a particular type of cancer treatment. For example, a radiation oncologist specializes in treating cancer with radiation
Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine (1990)
Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine (2004)
Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine (2001)
Targeted Cell Treatments