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Observations on Community Efforts to Reduce Disproportionate Minority Contact. Lessons Learned!. 5th Annual DMC Resource Center & Minority Youth and Families Initiative Conference Des Moines, Iowa November 30, 2006. What Have We Tried?. Studies Task Forces DMC Committees DMC Plans

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Observations on community efforts to reduce disproportionate minority contact l.jpg

Observations on Community Efforts to Reduce Disproportionate Minority Contact

Lessons Learned!

5th Annual DMC Resource Center & Minority Youth and Families Initiative Conference

Des Moines, Iowa

November 30, 2006


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What Have We Tried? Minority Contact

  • Studies

  • Task Forces

  • DMC Committees

  • DMC Plans

  • Funding for Programs

  • Cultural Diversity Training

  • Detention Alternatives


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What Are We Trying Now? Minority Contact

  • Studies

  • Task Forces

  • DMC Committees

  • DMC Plans

  • Funding for Programs

  • Cultural Diversity Training

  • Detention Alternatives

  • Targeted & Intentional Efforts to Reduce DMC


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Avenues for Addressing DMC Minority Contact

  • Direct Services

  • Training and Education

  • Systems Change


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Common Approaches to Addressing DMC Minority Contact

  • Direct Services

    • Prevention

    • Diversion

    • Alternatives to Secure Confinement

    • Advocacy


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Common Approaches to Addressing DMC Minority Contact

  • Training and Education

    • Cultural Awareness/Competency

      • Law Enforcement

      • Intake Officers

      • Probation Officers

      • Prosecutors

      • Public Defenders

      • Judges

    • Community Awareness

      • News Articles

      • Reports

      • Conferences

      • Presentations

      • Public Hearings


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Common Approaches to Addressing DMC Minority Contact

  • Systems Change

    • Cultural

      • Diversification of system personnel

    • Policy & Procedure

      • Screening criteria

      • Diversion services (eligibility)

      • Detention admissions

    • Legislative

    • Advocacy


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Common Pitfalls Minority Contact

  • Communities often get sidetracked by things they have no control over

  • The sensitivity of “race” keeps people from having open and honest discussions about DMC

  • Well intentioned programs are funded and implemented and merely widen the net

  • A full-time problem is approached with a part-time effort


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Lessons Learned from the Casey JDAI sites: Minority Contact

  • Without a commitment to juvenile detention reform in general, reducing racial disparities is unlikely

  • An explicit focus on reducing racial disparities is essential

  • Reducing racial disparities requires authoritative leadership

  • Define the problem in terms that can be changed


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Lessons Learned from the Casey JDAI sites: Minority Contact

  • Emphasize action, not just discussion or training

  • Broad, diverse coalitions can facilitate DMC reduction

  • Individual agencies can make a difference

  • Keep Police in the work

  • Data really helps

  • It IS possible to reduce racial disparities in juvenile detention


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Reducing DMC Requires Targeted Planning Minority Contact

At-Risk Youth

Higher Risk/Need Youth

Offenders

Detention

DMC

Secure Confinement


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The Context for DMC Planning Minority Contact

Social Conditions

SocialPolicies

Justice Policies

JJ Practices

DMC


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Keys to Reducing DMC Minority Contact

  • Leadership

  • Data

  • Support

  • Detention Reform

  • Focus on Reducing Racial Disparity

  • Risk Assessment/Detention Screening

  • Dealing with Special Populations


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Keys to Reducing DMC Minority Contact

  • Minority Community Involvement/Leadership

  • Consumer Participation

  • Problem Solving, not Blame Placing

  • Take Both a Short and Long View

  • Define Success and Think about Monitoring and Evaluation from the Beginning

  • Find Friends – Integration with other Initiatives


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Defining Success Minority Contact

  • It’s not enough to just feel good about what we are doing.

  • What will define success for us?

  • What do we want to change as a result of our efforts?

  • Can we really be “successful” unless we reduce DMC?


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What Have We Learned? Minority Contact

  • We can improve policies and practices and still not reduce DMC

  • We can improve cultural awareness and still not reduce DMC

  • We can have great intentions and still not reduce DMC

  • We can become overwhelmed by the depth and the scope of DMC


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What Have We Learned? Minority Contact

  • Individual organizations can make a difference

  • Consumers (those most affected) can be a power part of the solution

  • An explicit focus on reducing racial disparities is essential

  • The problem must be defined in terms that can be changed

  • We can reduce DMC


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