Interactive digital tv learning and mobile learning recent efforts
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Interactive Digital TV learning and mobile learning – recent efforts. Mr. Bruno Zuga, Dr. Atis Kapenieks, , Riga Technical University, LATVIA E-mail: [email protected] , [email protected] IST4Balt Workshop, April 18, 2007 Riga, Latvia. IST4Balt Workshop, April 18, 2007 Riga, Latvia.

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Interactive digital tv learning and mobile learning recent efforts

Interactive Digital TV learning and mobile learning –recentefforts

Mr. Bruno Zuga, Dr. Atis Kapenieks,,

Riga Technical University, LATVIA

E-mail: [email protected], [email protected]

IST4Balt Workshop, April 18, 2007 Riga, Latvia

IST4Balt Workshop

“Towards an Information Societyin the Baltic States”


Outline of the presentation

IST4Balt Workshop, April 18, 2007 Riga, Latvia

Outline of the presentation

  • Why iDTV learning? Why now?

  • Why mobile learning? Why now?

  • Instructional television: History and lessons learned;

  • Mobile learning – a further development of e-learning

  • Recent projects at Riga Technical university

    • 6th Framework project Enhanced Learning Unlimited (ELU);

    • A national research project for mobile learning development (PUMPURS);

IST4Balt Workshop

“Towards an Information Societyin the Baltic States”

IST4Balt Workshop

“Towards an Information Society in the Baltic States”

27-31.08.2006

2


Why idtv learning why now

Why iDTV learning? Why now?

  • There are successful existing TV programmes;

  • TV with remote control familiar and widely used tool;

  • TV is good at influencing peoples attitudes;

  • Household penetration of Digital TV is high in some EU countries and growing in others;

  • Ability to add limited interactivity via return channel;

  • Analogue switch-off for EU member states is scheduled for time period from 2007 to 2015 in EU member states;

[1] eMobility - Mobile and Wireless Communications Technology Platform, Strategic Research Agenda Vision 4, November 23, 2005.

IST4Balt Workshop

“Towards an Information Societyin the Baltic States”

3


Interactive digital tv learning and mobile learning recent efforts

Source: (Orava & Perttula, 2004; Peters, 2006; WG-RRC-06, 2006; www.dvb.org, 2007b).

IST4Balt Workshop

“Towards an Information Societyin the Baltic States”


History and lessons of tv based learning

History and lessons of TV based learning

  • Beginning in 1932 by State University Iowa

  • Research in Educational films since 1910

  • Key advantages over film:

    • Ability to deliver audiovisual presentation over a distance;

    • Ability to reach masses widely and sometimes instantly.

  • Hundreds of millions spent on education television from 1950 to 1970

  • Carnegie Commission in 1967 concludes: role of educational television minor one, reasons:

    • Mediocre quality, focus on presenting “talking heads”;

    • Unwillingness of teachers to TV in their classrooms

    • High cost of installation and maintenance of a television system

    • High cost of quality material production

    • Inability of television to support various learning scenarios (e.g. lack of interactivity)

IST4Balt Workshop

“Towards an Information Societyin the Baltic States”


Overcoming tv limitations

Overcoming TV limitations

  • Combination with other technologies telephone, fax, etc.;

  • VCRs allowed to do delayed video watching and re-watching;

  • Interactive support was added by the Internet. Content on the web site “allowed students to interact with the program in more meaningful way”;

  • Digital video recording and video compression standards;

  • Latest research show that mobile technologies can be used to effectively support iDTV interaction.

IST4Balt Workshop

“Towards an Information Societyin the Baltic States”


Becoming interactive

Becoming Interactive

  • First interactive show “Winky Dink and You” in 1953 by CBS

  • In 1964 AT&T presents picture phone – two way audiovisual system

  • 1970s UK launches Videotex service combined television and telephone line – forerunner of online services

  • 1980s Qube by Warner Cable had STB provided two way interactivity – terminated – costs too high to produce interactive content

  • 1980s Indax and Time inc supported banking shopping and educational content.

  • 1980 an experimental project HI-OVIS carried out in Japan for setting up and mantaining analogue fibre optic system supporting two way interactivity.

IST4Balt Workshop

“Towards an Information Societyin the Baltic States”


Why mobile learning why now

Why mobile learning? Why now?

  • EU policy has a strong vision “By the year 2020 mobile and wireless communications will play a central role in all aspects of European citizen lives” [1];

  • Significant part of workforce is mobile;

  • Work becomes knowledge intensive;

  • Mobile device have outsold PCs three times;

  • Computing power of mobile units becomes comparable to desktop units of 7-10 years ago;

  • Mobile units becoming more and more affordable.

  • There is a growing interest on using mobile technologies in knowlemdge acquisition.

[1] eMobility - Mobile and Wireless Communications Technology Platform, Strategic Research Agenda Vision 4, November 23, 2005.

IST4Balt Workshop

“Towards an Information Societyin the Baltic States”

8


What is mobile learning anyway

What is mobile learning anyway?

  • Learning that takes place with help of mobile technologies

  • Any sort of learning when a learner is not at a fixed of predetermined location [2]

  • Often we see m-learning as a further development of technology enhanced learning.

[2] O’Malley, C., G. Vavoula, J. P. Glew, J. Taylor, M. Sharples, and P. Lefrere, "WP4 –Guidelines for learning / teaching / tutoring in a mobile environment.," Deliverable D4.1. project IST MOBIlearn, 2003

IST4Balt Workshop

“Towards an Information Societyin the Baltic States”


Mobile units forecasted and sold in the world

Real data

Forecast in 2005

Mobile Units Forecasted and Sold in the World

Source: http://www.gartner.com

IST4Balt Workshop

“Towards an Information Societyin the Baltic States”


Subscriber statistics of gsm and 3gsm

Subscriber statistics of GSM and 3GSM

Source: http://www.gsmworld.com

IST4Balt Workshop

“Towards an Information Societyin the Baltic States”


Availability of other types of wireless networks

Availability of other types of wireless networks

  • According to the Forecast number of WiFi access points have exceeded 200 000 in the world;

  • Bluetooth is being built in nearly all mobile units sold today;

  • WiMax mobile and other wireless technologies (with certain advantages and disadvantages for learning) are soon to enter the wireless marketplace.

IST4Balt Workshop

“Towards an Information Societyin the Baltic States”


Restrictions for mobile learning

Restrictions for mobile learning

  • Minimal possibilities for user terminal upgrade;

  • Connection problems (limited or expensive transfer of data);

  • Limited memory and processing power;

  • Data input problems;

  • Data display problems;

  • Limited time to work on a charged battery.

IST4Balt Workshop

“Towards an Information Societyin the Baltic States”


Overview of t learning system

6th Framework Research Project - Enhanced Learning Unlimited (ELU) IST-4-027866

Overview of T-learning system

IST4Balt Workshop

“Towards an Information Societyin the Baltic States”


Pumpurs a national research project on m learning services

PUMPURS - a national research project on m-learning services*

  • M-learning module delivery and exchange technologies

  • M-course organisation and distribution approaches

  • M-course design and development

  • Methodologies and technologies for collaborative learning and virtual workgroups

  • Knowledge creation models in a mobile Era

  • Platforms for m-learning in a mobile society

Pētījumi m-studiju produktu un pakalpojumu izstrādei Latvija atbilstoši multimediju, telemātikas un telekomunikāciju attīstības līmenim“ (PUMPURS), VPD1/ERAF/CFLA/05/APK/2.5.1./000078/038

IST4Balt Workshop

“Towards an Information Societyin the Baltic States”


Conclusions

Conclusions

  • Both technologies are widely accessible and more widespread than PCs currently therefore can be used as a tools for social inclusion;

  • iDTV learning and m-learning could be used complementary for teaching and learning purposes;

  • Technologies can be integrated in course content delivery and interactivity provision building on their individual strengths;

IST4Balt Workshop

“Towards an Information Societyin the Baltic States”


Interactive digital tv learning and mobile learning recent efforts

IST4Balt Workshop, April 18, 2007 Riga, Latvia

Thank you!

Mr. Bruno Zuga, Dr. Atis Kapenieks,

Riga Technical University, LATVIA

E-mail: [email protected], [email protected]

IST4Balt Workshop

“Towards an Information Societyin the Baltic States”

IST4Balt Workshop

“Towards an Information Society in the Baltic States”

18.04.2007

17


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