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Europe, the Americas, and Africa . Conquest in the Americas . The Conquistadors Herman Cortez in Mexico Fall of the Aztecs “Broken spears lie in the road;/We have torn our hair with grief./The houses are roofless now, and their walls are red with blood” .

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Conquest in the americas
Conquest in the Americas

  • The Conquistadors

    • Herman Cortez in Mexico

  • Fall of the Aztecs

    • “Broken spears lie in the road;/We have torn our hair with grief./The houses are roofless now, and their walls are red with blood”


Reasons for the europeans successful conquests
REASONS FOR THE EUROPEANS’ SUCCESSFUL CONQUESTS

1. SUPERIOR MILITARY TECHNOLOGY

  • CAVALRY

  • GUNS & CANONS

  • ARMOR

  • HUGE SHIPS

  • CONFIDENCE

    2. DISEASE

    -NATIVE POPULATION DECREASES

    -DEMORALIZATION OF NATIVES

    -DIMINISHED FAITH


Central american gold silver
CENTRAL AMERICAN GOLD & SILVER

  • AFTER CONQUERING THE INDIGENOUS POPULATIONS, THE SPANISH BEGIN EXPORTING HUGE SUMS OF GOLD AND SILVER FROM CENTRAL AMERICA TO SPAIN

  • WHAT BENEFITS DID THIS HAVE FOR THE SPANISH?

  • WHAT PROBLEMS MIGHT THIS WEALTH BRING?


Spanish and portuguese colonies in the americas
Spanish and Portuguese Colonies in the Americas

  • How did Spain rule its empire in the Americas?

    • The Catholic Church-(GOD )

      • Spanish & Portuguese Missionaries flood the New World in search of new souls to save

    • Plantation Economy

      • First demanded labor from the Native Americans

        • (Encomiendas)

      • African Slave trade begins

  • Bartolome de las Casas

    • A conquistador turned priest


Colonial society and structure
Colonial Society and Structure

Using your notes/the text book fill in the social class pyramid


Blackbeardthe infamous pirate wasknown for his grotesque appearance and for rubbing tallow in his hair prior to battle and lighting it just before the fight


Captain kidd
Captain Kidd

  • originally hired by the British crown to be a privateer against the French, Kidd turned to piracy and represents the romantic ideals of piracy


Capt morgan
Capt. Morgan

  • Similar to Sir Francis Drake, Captain Morgan was originally encouraged by the British crown to harass Spanish cargo ships with the intent of stealing their goods


Struggle for north america
Struggle for North America

What problems did settlers in New France face?

What traditions of government evolved in the 13 English colonies?

How did competition for power affect Europeans and Native Americans?



Building a new france
Building a new France

Due to its harsh climate and vast wilderness, the population of New France grew slowly.


The 13 english colonies self government
The 13 English Colonies-Self Government

“We, whose names are underwritten…having undertaken for the Glory of God, and Advancement of the Christian Faith…a voyage to plant [a] colony in the [Americas]…do enact, constitute, and frame, such just and equal laws…as shall be thought most [fitting] and convenient for the general good of the colony.”- Mayflower Compact

People in the English colonies enjoyed representative self-government and political rights and freedoms


Competing for power
Competing for Power

  • During the 1700s, Britain and France clashed in a worldwide struggle, known as the Seven Years’ War.

    • In North America, they battled each other in the French and Indian War.

  • The Treaty of Paris, which officially ended the world-wide war, ensured British dominance in North America.


The atlantic slave trade
The Atlantic Slave Trade

Enslaved Africans shipped across the Atlantic to work on tobacco and sugar plantations in the Americas.

Europeans relied on African rulers and traders to seize captives in the interior and bring them to coastal trade posts and fortresses.

The slave trade intensified as the demand for slaves increased in the Americas and the demand for luxury goods increased in Africa.



Destinations of enslaved africans 1500 1870

4

Destinations of Enslaved Africans, 1500–1870


Impact of the slave trade
Impact of the Slave Trade

By the 1800s, an estimated 11 million enslaved Africans had reached the Americas. Another 2 million probably died during the Middle Passage.


Changes in europe
Changes in Europe

How did European explorations lead to a global exchange?

What impact did the commercial revolution and mercantilism have on European economies?

How did these changes affect ordinary people?


Columbian exchange
Columbian Exchange

  • When Columbus returned to Spain in 1493, he brought with him “new” plants and animals. Later that year, he returned to the Americas with some 1,200 settlers and a collection of European animals and plants.

  • In this way, Columbus began a vast global exchange that would have profound effect on the world.


European economy
European Economy

The opening of direct links with Asia, Africa, and the Americas had far-reaching economic consequences for Europeans.

  • Issues of Inflation

  • Investment in business

    • Expanded trade and the push for overseas empires spurred the growth of European capitalism, the investment of money to make a profit.

  • European monarchs adopted a new economic policy, known as mercantilism, aimed at strengthening their national economies.

    • Take in less than you put out-Export more products then you buy


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