Asian cities at crossroads role of urban infrastructure bilateral development banks
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 15

Asian Cities at Crossroads: -Role of Urban Infrastructure & Bilateral Development Banks- PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 90 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Asian Cities at Crossroads: -Role of Urban Infrastructure & Bilateral Development Banks-. Hiroto ARAKAWA Executive Director Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC) May 29, 2006. - Table of Contents -. 1.Why Cities / Urban Infrastructure Matters? (1) Growing Urban Population in Asia

Download Presentation

Asian Cities at Crossroads: -Role of Urban Infrastructure & Bilateral Development Banks-

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Asian cities at crossroads role of urban infrastructure bilateral development banks

Asian Cities at Crossroads:-Role of Urban Infrastructure & Bilateral Development Banks-

Hiroto ARAKAWAExecutive DirectorJapan Bank for International Cooperation(JBIC)May 29, 2006


Asian cities at crossroads role of urban infrastructure bilateral development banks

- Table of Contents -

1.Why Cities / Urban Infrastructure Matters?

(1) Growing Urban Population in Asia

(2) Role of Urban Infrastructure

2. Urban Infrastructure as an Efficient Tool to Realize Linkage between Poverty Reduction and Growth

(1) City as Growth Pole & Poverty Pocket

(2) Urban Infrastructure as Growth Management Tool

3. Innovative Approach: Municipal Financing

(1) Catalyzing Private Funds

4. Spatial Management

(1) Striking a Better Balance

(2) Country-led Framework as Basis for Coordinated Donor Support

5. Role of Bilateral Development Banks


Asian cities at crossroads role of urban infrastructure bilateral development banks

1.Why Cities / Urban Infrastructure Matters?

(1) Growing Urban Population in Asia


Asian cities at crossroads role of urban infrastructure bilateral development banks

1.Why Cities / Urban Infrastructure Matters?

  • Asian Cities are at “critical point” of sustainable urban development.

Sources: UTCE and ALMEC


Asian cities at crossroads role of urban infrastructure bilateral development banks

(2) Role of Urban Infrastructure

< 3 fold contribution to poverty reduction >

① Growth: transaction cost↓・ productivity↑

② Distribution: poor people’s participation in growth process ↑

③ Direct effect: access to education and health services ↑


Asian cities at crossroads role of urban infrastructure bilateral development banks

≪4 Guiding Principles≫

① Country led framework

Partner governments should develop robust approaches for planning and

managing pro-poor growth and infrastructure development in coherent

poverty reduction strategies formulated in consultation with stakeholders.

② Enhance impact on the poor

need not only to increase the supply of infrastructure facilities and services,

but also to ensure that infrastructure improvements benefit the poor.

③ Improve sector management for sustained outcomes

Sustainability is a primary concern for infrastructure development. Well-

maintained infrastructure has strong positive effects on growth and poverty

reduction, and provides clear long-term fiscal and economic benefits.

④ More and better use of all financial resources

Increased infrastructure investment is essential (through (1) improving public

resource management, (2) increasing private participation and (3) strengthening

local financial systems).


Asian cities at crossroads role of urban infrastructure bilateral development banks

2. Urban Infrastructure as an Efficient Tool to Realize Linkage between Poverty Reduction & Growth

(1) City as Growth Pole & Poverty Pocket

  • Positive correlation between urbanization and economic growth.

  • 1% increase in urbanization rate raises GDP per capita by 2.71%.


Asian cities at crossroads role of urban infrastructure bilateral development banks

  • Positive correlation between urbanization and national poverty reduction.

  • Urban infrastructure contributes to national poverty reduction.


Asian cities at crossroads role of urban infrastructure bilateral development banks

(2) Urban Infrastructure as Growth Management Tool

East-Asia : promote economic growth and poverty reduction

through foreign direct investment and trade

≪Case Study≫ Transport Infrastructure Project in the Northern Vietnam


Asian cities at crossroads role of urban infrastructure bilateral development banks

≪Case Study≫ Sri Lanka: Greater Colombo Water Supply Projects

  • The projects provided access to water for the growing urban population of Colombo.

  • The results of the impact study were feedbacked to the local decision-makers through workshops to address the urgent needs for water supply and wastewater treatment and management for the rapidly increasing urban population.


Asian cities at crossroads role of urban infrastructure bilateral development banks

3. Innovative Approach: Municipal Financing

(1) Catalyzing Private Funds

  • Donors have role to support infrastructure development, such as bottleneck facility.

  • Funds from Government Financial Institutions / ODA is not enough to meet the demands of water service providers: Private funds is needed


Asian cities at crossroads role of urban infrastructure bilateral development banks

3. Innovative Approach: Municipal Financing

(1) Catalyzing Private Funds

≪Case Study≫ Philippines: Municipal Water Loan Financing Initiative

Water Revolving Fund scheme

JBIC

ODA Loan

intermediary financial institutions

Private Financial Institutions

Loan

USAID

Loan

Guarantee

Water Revolving Fund

Loan

Local Government Unit / Water District


Asian cities at crossroads role of urban infrastructure bilateral development banks

4. Spatial Management

(1) Striking a Better Balance


Asian cities at crossroads role of urban infrastructure bilateral development banks

(2) Country-led Framework as Basis for Coordinated Donor Support

  • ≪Case Study≫ Philippines: Metro Cebu Development

    • JBIC has been supporting Metro Cebu Development, which is the Government of the Philippines’ effort to avoid overconcentration to Metro Manila.

    • Metro Cebu Development projects contributed to the balanced regional development.

  • ≪Case Study≫ Korea

    • Korean Government realized rapid economic growth by efficiently coordinating JBIC’ ODA loan and aligning it to its own development strategy.


Asian cities at crossroads role of urban infrastructure bilateral development banks

5. Role of Bilateral Development Banks

Bilateral Development Banks has a role / comparative advantage in;

  • Providing policy advice, based on its own country’s experience of development.

  • Providing long-term / large scale / concessional financing.


  • Login