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Chechnya. Conflict in the Modern World Period Six Patrick Semansky Darren Lloyd. Thesis. The current violence in Chechnya is due to the fact that Russians wish to keep control of the country – especially its oil – since it declared its independence in 1991. Chechnya. 1859

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Chechnya

Conflict in the Modern World

Period Six

Patrick Semansky

Darren Lloyd


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Thesis

  • The current violence in Chechnya is due to the fact that Russians wish to keep control of the country – especially its oil – since it declared its independence in 1991.



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1859

Russia invades and conquers the Caucuses

1917

Russian Revolution

1923

Dagestan is divided, creating the Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic

1944

Stalin deports thousands of Chechens to Siberia and Kazakhstan

1957

The Chechen-Ingush Republic is reestablished

1991

USSR collapses

Dzhokhar Dudayev elected president of Chechnya

Chechnya declared independent

Yeltsin refuses to recognize independence; sends troops

1994

Russia invades Chechnya

A Quick Timeline of Chechen History


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1995

10,000 Russian troops occupy Grozny

Total Russian presence: 45,000

Dudayev killed

1996

Chechens launch a counteroffensive

5,000 troops invade Grozny

Russians agree to ceasefire; withdraw troops

70,000 casualties on both sides

1997

Aslan Maskhadov elected Chechen president

Name of capital changed from Grozny (Russian) to Djohar (Chechen)

1999

Terrorist bombs explode in Moscow and elsewhere

“Chechen insurgents” attempt to assist Dagestan in creating a separate nation

Dagestan territories recovered by Russia; 100,000 troops are sent to Chechnya

A Quick Timeline (continued)


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A Quick Timeline (continued)

  • 1999 (continued)

    • Russian troops take over much of the country; level Grozny

    • 250,000 refugees

  • 2000-present

    • The war continues, despite Russian claims of “imminent victory”


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Russia – Chechnya War (1994-1996)

  • The first war started in 1994 when Russia invaded Chechnya.

    • They did not recognize Chechnya’s claim of independence.

    • They invaded after a failed attempt to bomb the Grozny airport.

  • In 1995, Russian troops marched all the way to Grozny, the capital.

    • Total presence: 45,000 troops

      • 10,000 in Grozny

  • Dzhokhar Dudayev, Chechnya’s President, is killed in the fighting.

  • The following year, the Chechens launch a major offensive.

    • The Russians send still more troops.

    • Finally, a ceasefire is agreed to.

    • Russia pulls out.

    • 70,000 casualties.


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Russia – Chechnya War (1999-Present)

  • In 1999, terrorist bombings in Moscow and elsewhere in Russia are blamed on the Chechens.

  • Islamic militants attempt to assist Dagestan in creating a separate nation.

    • Russia claims that the militants were from Chechnya, and uses the bombings and the attempted secession of Dagestan to invade Chechnya.

  • Russia recovers the Dagestan territories, 100,000 troops sent to Chechnya.

  • The Russians have taken over most of the country by the end of 1999.

  • Grozny is leveled.

  • 250,000 refugees.

  • The war still continues today, despite Russian claims of “imminent victory.”


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Human Rights Violations

  • Russia is not playing nicely in Chechnya.

    • The Russians will not comply with UN Commission on Human Rights requirements to “end the ongoing atrocities.”

  • Troops have been accused of raping Chechen women.

  • Over 87 civilians have been “disappeared” between 2000 and 2002.

  • Torture

  • A search on Russia and Chechnya on Human Rights Watch.org yielded 11 pages of results, dating from 1990 to 2002.



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Works Cited

  • Chechen Republic Online

    • http://www.amina.com/

  • Human Rights Watch.org

    • http://www.hrw.org/

  • InfoPlease

    • http://www.infoplease.com/spot/chechnyatime1.html

  • Kenzys, Stasys And Romanas Sedlickas. The War in Chechynya. College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press. 1999.