“The Odyssey”
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“The Odyssey” by Homer. Reading and Writing Activities. Part Two: Coming Home Page 1078 Read the italicized information. Identify the main idea of each of the four paragraphs. Make a list of other details you think will be important as you read the rest of the text. What’s Happened?

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The odyssey by homer

“The Odyssey”

by Homer

Reading and Writing Activities


The odyssey by homer

Part Two: Coming Home

Page 1078

Read the italicized information.

Identify the main idea of each of the four paragraphs.

Make a list of other details you think will be important as you read the rest of the text.


The odyssey by homer

What’s Happened?

1. How do you think you will change over the next twenty years?

2. How will the people in your family change over the next twenty years?

3. How do you think going to war might change a person and the way they “see” the world?

4. How would your neighborhood change over the next twenty years?

* Based on your thoughts and ideas, what do you think will be Odysseus’s biggest challenge/obstacle? How do you predict he will overcome his predicament?


The odyssey by homer

“The Meeting of Father and Son”

Pages 1079-1083

A. Paraphrasing – What happens in this scene? Bring it to life in your own words.

B. Analyzing Historical Context – In Homer’s time, slaves may very well have outnumbered the citizens. What do you think Homer is trying to say by having Odysseus make an alliance with a servant?


The odyssey by homer

“The Meeting of Father and Son”

Pages 1079-1083

C. Asking Questions – Why do you think Athena has suddenly changed Odysseus?

D. Epic Similes – What are Odysseus’s and Telemachus’s cries compared to during their tearful reunion? What aspect of their reunion does this simile emphasize?


The odyssey by homer

“The Beggar and the Faithful Dog”

Pages 1083-1084

Epic Heroes and Conflict – What do Odysseus’s tears and comments about the dog reveal about Odysseus’s character?

Paraphrasing – Restate this description of the dog’s life. What point about life might Homer be making with this passage?


The odyssey by homer

Literary Response

“Father and Son” & “Beggar and the Faithful Dog”

Read the text carefully and note the words, actions, and thoughts of Odysseus.

What character traits does Odysseus demonstrate in this section of text?

Which traits were useful and which interfered with his goals?

Explain your thoughts and ideas and use evidence from the text to support your response.


The odyssey by homer

“The Test of the Great Bow”

Pages 1085-1091

Asking Questions – Why do you think Penelope is crying?

Epic Heroes and Conflict – What internal conflict is Odysseus experiencing?

Summarizing – How do the swineherd and cowherd prove they can be trusted?


The odyssey by homer

“The Test of the Great Bow”

Pages 1085-1091

D. Paraphrasing – What insults to the suitors throw Odysseus’s way? Do you expect their inhospitality to go unpunished?

E. Epic Similes – Here, Odysseus’s handling of the bow is described in terms of a master musician readying an instrument. What effect do Odysseus’s effortless actions have on the suitors?


The odyssey by homer

“The Test of the Great Bow”

Pages 1085-1091

F. Asking Questions – What “amusements” do you think might be in store for the suitors?

* Analyzing Historical Context – What lesson(s) do you think Homer is trying to show the reader?


The odyssey by homer

“Death at the Palace”

Pages 1092-1095

Paraphrasing – Restate what happens in this passage?

Epic Heroes and Conflict – In what ways is Eurymachus a “character foil” to Odysseus? What does his speech reveal about his character?


The odyssey by homer

“Death at the Palace”

Pages 1092-1095

C. Epic Similes – To what are the suitors compared? To what are the suitors’ attackers compared?

D. Making Judgments – Do you think Odysseus has over-reacted to the situation with the suitors? Did he need to kill them in order to achieve his goals?


The odyssey by homer

Literary Response

“The Test of the Great Bow” and “Death in the Palace”

Read the text carefully and note how Odysseus is able to overcome the challenges he faces during Part II of the story.

Which three character traits have been most useful for Odysseus to overcome the challenges in Part II?

Would any of Odysseus’s actions be considered excessive?

Explain your thoughts and ideas and use evidence from the text to support your response.


The odyssey by homer

“Odysseus and Penelope”

Pages 1096-1101

Page 1097

Epic Heroes and Conflict– What internal conflicts do you imagine both Odysseus and Penelope are facing? Are these feelings mutual? EXPLAIN!!!

Epic Heroes and Conflict – What admirable qualities do both Odysseus and Penelope display here?


The odyssey by homer

“Odysseus and Penelope”

Pages 1096-1101

Page 1100

Paraphrasing – What trick does Penelope use to get Odysseus to prove who he is? How does Odysseus describe the bed?

Page 1101

D. Summarizing – What key information are we given here?


The odyssey by homer

Odyssey – Part II

Questions 1-7 (shorter answers) on page 1102

Questions 8-14 (longer more detailed answers) on page 1102

3. Vocabulary Check 1-5 on page 1103

4. Vocabulary Skills: Your Turn 1-5 Activities on page 1103

*Read the Information

5. Vocabulary Skills: Vocabulary Development 6-9 on page 1104

*Read the Information


The odyssey by homer

The Cyclops

A. Epic Heroes & Conflict (1048)– Epic heroes need a mighty opponent to show how resourceful they can be. How does Homer make it clear that Odysseus faces a formidable opponent in the Cyclops?

B. Analyzing Historical Context (1048)– In this passage Odysseus informs the Cyclops that Zeus will punish the Cyclops if he injures or harms his guests. What can you infer about Greek society from this statement?


The odyssey by homer

The Cyclops

C. Asking Questions (1050)– Why doesn’t Odysseus kill the Cyclops at this moment? What must Odysseus consider when devising an escape plan?


The odyssey by homer

The Cyclops

D. Paraphrasing (1051)– What does Odysseus do with the stake? Explain in your own words.

E. Epic Heroes & Conflict (1051)– As the leader and hero, Odysseus could have simply chosen the men he wanted for the job. Why do you think he draws lots?

F. Epic Heroes & Conflict (1055)– What heroic character trait is Odysseus showing?


The odyssey by homer

The Cyclops

G. Asking Questions (1057) – Odysseus’s love of boasting is one of his character traits. Is he wise for revealing his name to the Cyclops? Why or why not? Why do you think he reveals his name?

H. Epic Heroes & Conflict (1057)– Heroes and their opponents often have character flaws that can undo them. What character flaws have led to the Cyclops’s downfall?

I. Summarizing (1058)– How has Odysseus handled himself in this dangerous situation?


The odyssey by homer

The Cyclops

Literary Response Question

Read the text carefully and note the words and actions of Odysseus as he faces the challenge of the Cyclops.

Has Odysseus behaved like an epic hero should behave?

What specific actions and words support your judgment?

Use text evidence and details to support your thoughts and ideas.


The odyssey by homer

  • Is Odysseus an Epic Hero?

  • Represents the values of the society

  • Is an Exceptional Person

  • Undertake difficult quests or journeys to achieve something of tremendous value to themselves or their people

  • 4. Experience many obstacles or challenges

  • External Conflicts – created by forces of nature (or the gods)

  • Internal Conflicts – they struggle to overcome their own feelings or fears


The odyssey by homer

  • The Enchantress Circe

  • &

  • The Land of the Dead

  • Read the sections of text

  • Complete the reading chart as you read each page

  • Pay attention to the Literary and Reading Focus Questions


The odyssey by homer

The Land of the Dead

A. Analyzing Historical Context (1061)– Sacrificial offerings to the gods have been mentioned several times. Why might such a ritual have been important to the ancient Greeks?

B. Asking Questions (1062) – What is happening here? Where is Odysseus?


The odyssey by homer

The Land of the Dead

C. Summarizing (1064) – What does the prophecy reveal about Odysseus’s destiny? How does the prophecy increase the feeling of suspense in the story?


The odyssey by homer

The Enchantress Circe

& The Land of the Dead

Literary Response Question

Read the text carefully and note the words and actions of Odysseus as he faces the challenge of Circe and the Land of the Dead.

Which character traits have helped Odysseus overcome the challenges he has faced in this section of the text?

Use text evidence and details to support your thoughts and ideas.


The odyssey by homer

Let’s Play a Game

Think about how this story could be turned into a board game.

Identify the characters we have seen so far in the text. Make a list of each character and include a few details about each one.

Identify the settings of the story. List them in the order Odysseus visits them. Briefly describe each location.

4. Consider the challenges and obstacles that Odysseus has faced and how he has overcome them.


The odyssey by homer

Let’s Play a Game

5. Create two sections of the game board.

>Trojan War>The Lotus Eaters>

Cyclops>Circe>Land of the Dead

>Calypso>Phaeacians>(Home-Ithaca)

6. Design and decorate your section of the game to reveal as much as possible about the story.


The odyssey by homer

The Text

The Video

Both


The odyssey by homer

  • People and Places in TheOdyssey

  • Read the information on pages 1032-1033.

  • Create a chart to categorize the characters and places listed in the section.

  • Your chart should be divided into at least four different categories.

  • Be sure to include the description of each entry in your chart.

  • Make sure the chart is clear, easy to read, and useful as a tool to help you better comprehend the text.


The odyssey by homer

Is the Odyssey an Epic Myth?

A physically impressive hero of national or historical importance

A vast setting

A quest or journey undertaken in search of something of value

4. The involvement of supernatural forces

5. A basis in a specific culture or society

6. Characters struggling against fate


The odyssey by homer

Is the Odyssey an Epic Myth?

What are the elements of epic literature?

Which element(s) can be seen in the Odyssey?

Which element do you think has been the most important?


The odyssey by homer

The Sirens; Scylla and Charybdis

Epic Heroes & Conflict (1065) – From what you know about Odysseus, do you think he will try to avoid the conflict that lies ahead? EXPLAIN!!!

Paraphrasing (1066) – What dangers lie ahead? List and briefly describe each one.


The odyssey by homer

The Sirens; Scylla and Charybdis

Literature Link

*Read the poem “Siren’s Song” on page 1067.

1. Who is the speaker in the poem?

2. What new idea about the Sirens does the poem express?


The odyssey by homer

The Sirens; Scylla and Charybdis

C. Asking Questions (1068) – Why does Odysseus put wax in his men’s ears?

D. Epic Heroes & Conflict (1069) – Think about the kind of hero Odysseus is in this story. What does he tell his men to reassure them? Why do you think he decides not to tell them everything he knows?


The odyssey by homer

  • The Sirens; Scylla and Charybdis

  • Summarizing (1071) – What has happened? How have Odysseus and his men managed to escape?

  • Read through the passage and locate examples of imagery.

  • (language that appeals to our senses)

  • Locate an example of personification.

  • (a nonhuman thing is

  • described in human terms)


The odyssey by homer

  • The Cattle of the Sun God

  • Paraphrasing (1072) – What warning does Odysseus issue his men upon landing?

  • Paraphrasing (1073) – What is Eurylochus’s insidious plea?

  • *What does insidious mean?


The odyssey by homer

The Cattle of the Sun God

C.Epic Heroes & Conflict (1074) – Odysseus takes the credit when things go well. Now, when a disaster occurs, he blames the gods. What does this reveal about his character?

D. Summarizing (1074) – What exactly happened to cause the gods’ fury?


The odyssey by homer

Part One: The Wanderings

Wrap-Up Activities

1. Questions/Activities 1-11 on page 1075

2. Writing Focus Question on page 1075

(one complete well-developed paragraph)

3.Vocabulary Check 1-5 on page 1076


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