Maya, Inca, and Aztecs. By Maya. The Mayans. The Mayans. Mayan Geography.
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The Maya lived in what is now the Northern Part of Guatemala. They cleared areas of the rain forest to plant crops like maize, or corn. The forest environment provided deer, monkeys, and rabbits shelter, and these animals were crucial. They also grew cocao.
They used trees to make wooden poles and vines along with mud to build their houses.
We don’t know why the Mayan civilization ended, but historians think that it was because the people didn’t want to work for the kings and they rebelled.
Another theory is that cities started competing for farmland and the battles ruined the crops and led to food shortages. Scientists also think that it could have been a drought that brought the decline.
When Francisco Pizarro came to the Incan empire, him and the other conquistadors attacked and killed thousands of Inca soldiers and captured their leader. Pizarro defeated the last of the Incas in 1537, and Spain took over the region for the next 300 years.