Incas
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Incas. Location. Western Highlands of South America Present-day Chile, Argentina, Peru, Colombia The empire stretched for more than 3,000 miles Capital City – Cuzco Founded in 1200 A.D. Military. Very powerful army All men ages 25-50 were drafted for the army for up to five years.

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Incas

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Incas


Location

  • Western Highlands of South America

  • Present-day Chile, Argentina, Peru, Colombia

  • The empire stretched for more than 3,000 miles

  • Capital City – Cuzco

  • Founded in 1200 A.D.


Military

  • Very powerful army

  • All men ages 25-50 were drafted for the army for up to five years.

  • Weapons included clubs, spears, spiked copper balls on ropes.

  • Soldiers used woven cloth to throw stones 30 yards.


Infrastructure

  • Population – more than 9 million

  • Infrastructure – more than 10,000 miles of stone paved roads that ran over mountains, desert, and jungles.

  • Rope bridges – made from grass – were used to cross canyons and rivers.


Communication

  • Runners would carry messages from the emperor to remote villages.

  • Quechua – official language

  • No form of written language

  • Quipus – form of record keeping that used strings and knots to keep track of grain supplies


Agriculture

  • The mountainous land was not well suited for farming.

  • Incas cut terraces into the sides of mountains to make platforms to plant on.

  • They built stone walls to hold the soils and plants in place.

  • Crops – maize, squash, tomatoes, peanuts, peppers, melons, cotton, potatoes.


Religion

  • The Incan Empire belonged to the emperor, who was believed to be a descendant of the sun god.

  • Incans believed the sun god enjoyed displays of gold, so they made and wore gold jewelry.

  • They built special cities devoted to religious ceremonies. (i.e. – Machu Picchu)


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