RESOURCES AND REFERENCES. But I'm Not Funny! David Glickman, October Publishing, 2002. (butimnotfunny.com)Comedy Comes Clean. Adam Christing, Crown Trade Paperbacks, 1996Compassionate Laughter. Patty Wooten, R.N., Commune-A-Key Publishing, 1996Energize Your Meeting With Laughter. Sheila Feigelson, ASCD Publications 1998. (ascd.org)Health, Healing and the Amuse System. Paul E. McGhee, Kendall\Hunt Publishing Company, 1996How To Be Funny. Steve Allen, Prometheus Books, 1992Laffirmations.9459
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2. RESOURCES AND REFERENCES But I’m Not Funny! David Glickman, October Publishing, 2002. (butimnotfunny.com)
Comedy Comes Clean. Adam Christing, Crown Trade Paperbacks, 1996
Compassionate Laughter. Patty Wooten, R.N., Commune-A-Key Publishing, 1996
Energize Your Meeting With Laughter. Sheila Feigelson, ASCD Publications 1998. (ascd.org)
Health, Healing and the Amuse System. Paul E. McGhee, Kendall\Hunt Publishing Company, 1996
How To Be Funny. Steve Allen, Prometheus Books, 1992
Laffirmations. Joel Goodman, Health Communications, Inc., 1995
The Humor Project, Inc. Joel Goodman (Producer of “The Positive Power of Humor and Creativity” Conference and editor of “Laughing Matters” magazine.) 110 Spring St. Saratoga Springs, NY 12866, 1-800-225-0330 www.humorproject.com
Impro: Improvisation and the Theatre. Keith Johnstone, Theatre Arts Books, 1979
Improvisation. John Hodgson & Ernest Richards, Grove Press, 1979
Improvisation for the Theatre. Viola Spolin, Northwestern University Press, 1983
The Laughing Classroom. Loomans & Kolberg, H J Kramer, Inc., 1993
A Laughing Place. Christian Hageseth III, M.D., Berwick Publishing Company, 1988
License To Laugh. Richard A. Shade, Teacher Ideas Press, 1996
Truth In Comedy. Charna Halpern & Del Close, Meriwether Publishing Ltd., 1994
What To Say When... Lilly Walters, McGraw Hill, 1995
3. THEORIES OF HUMOR I. Incongruity Theory - (Kant, Schopenhauer)
II. Superiority Theory - (Plato, Aristotle, Descartes)
III. Relief\Release Theory - (Freud)
IV. Humor as a Form of Play - (Eastman)
V. Humor Exposes the Truth - (White)
VI. Machine Theory - (Bergson)
From “License To Laugh” by Richard A. Shade
4. Incongruity Theory (Kant, Schopenhauer)
Sudden shift of perspective
5. Superiority Theory (Plato, Aristotle, Descartes) Humor to inflate our own ego
Humor to deflate others we
feel are superior
Seeing flaw in others as
compared to ourselves
6. III. RELIEF \ RELEASE THEORY (Freud)
Temporary freedom from our restrictions
Rebellion against the repressive
Levity in a tense situation.
7. IV. Humor as a Form of Play - (Eastman) A reversion to childish innocence
10. HUMOR’S EFFECTIVENESS: A “CLEESIAN” PERSPECTIVE I. Humor facilitates learning.
II. Humor helps change people’s behavior.
III. Humor promotes an increase in creativity.
IV. Humor reduces stress.
From the videotape “Humor Is Not A Luxury”
by John Cleese, available from Video Arts
11. I. Humor Facilitates Learning People learn best when in a state of moderate arousal
Humor restores a sense of proportion
Makes problems less threatening
Reduces resistance to new ideas
12. II. Humor Helps Change People’s Behavior Humor involves people.
Bypasses head –
Gets through on a gut level
Get people to laugh at wrong ways.
We learn from our mistakes.
13. III. HUMOR PROMOTES AN INCREASE IN CREATIVITY Research by MacKinnon at Berkeley
Creative people took the time to play with problems
Switch in frames of reference.
Jokes use lateral \ divergent thinking
Ha-Ha to A-ha! - Arthur Koestler
14. IV. HUMOR REDUCES STRESS Provides an emotional support
Keeps things in proportion
We start to overcome problems
when we can laugh at them
Stimulates immune system - Norman Cousins
15. THE ZYGOMATICS PROGRESSION The SMILE ?
The TWINKLE * ? *
16. THE FOUR FORMS OF HUMOR FIGURAL
17. HUMOR STYLES Sensate/Thinking
Jokes (sexual, scatological)
Humor that takes establishment to task Sensate/Feeling
Humor that comes from situations
Soft, non-hurtful humor Intuitive/Thinking
Jokes (class, affluence)
New Yorker cartoons Intuitive/Feeling
Humor with insight
18. HUMOR STYLES Sensate/Feeling
Humor that comes from situations
Soft, non-hurtful humor
19. HUMOR STYLES
20. HUMOR STYLES
21. HUMOR STYLES
22. Give One,….Get One Things I Do To Bring Humor To My Training
23. BENEFITS OF HUMOR Improves Health
24. BENEFITS OF HUMOR Improves Health
25. BENEFITS OF HUMOR Improves Health
26. BENEFITS OF HUMOR Improves Health
27. KEYS TO THE SUCCESSFUL USE OF HUMOR Relationship
28. I. RELATIONSHIP Know your audience
Make your intentions clear
Tell stories with a purpose
29. II. RAPPORT Have an understanding of your audiences feelings
Obtain permission to tease
Should be laughing with, not at someone
30. III. SETTING Make sure the humor is appropriate for the space
Respect everyone within earshot
Humor should enhance, not distract
31. IV. TIMING Allow time for the imagination to work
Never rush a punch line
Remember the non-verbal
pathway to humor
32. KEYS TO THE SUCCESSFUL USE OF HUMOR Relationship
Areas of Humor to Avoid
33. AREAS OF HUMOR TO LIKELY AVOID Sexual
Hostile \ Sick
Demeaning to Men \ Women
34. Heaven is where the police are British, the chefs Italian, the mechanics German, the lovers French, and it is all organized by the Swiss.
Hell is where the police are German, chefs British, the mechanics French, the lovers Swiss, and it is all organized by the Italians.
35. HOW TO DEVELOP YOUR PERSONAL SENSE OF HUMOR Look for humor in everything
Participate in humorous activities
Hang out with funny people – try the humor buddy system
36. HOW TO DEVELOP YOUR PERSONAL SENSE OF HUMOR Collect Humor
Keep a journal \ file \ bulletin board \ library of:
Books Magazines Cartoons Headlines
Jokes Stories Excuses Oxymoron's
Signs Anecdotes Videos \ Audio Tapes
37. HOW TO DEVELOP YOUR PERSONAL SENSE OF HUMOR Participate In Humorous Activities
Dress up for “dress-up” day
Create \ perform in a sketch
written by \ for your colleagues
38. HOW TO DEVELOP YOUR PERSONAL SENSE OF HUMOR Hang Out With Funny People
Try the humor buddy system
39. HOW TO DEVELOP YOUR PERSONAL SENSE OF HUMOR Use Humor In Your:
40. Jim Winter
Toll free: 1 877 LAUGHS 2
41. RESEARCH The philosophical underpinnings of the workshop come from the following statement:
“Genuine humor and wisdom are intimately interconnected and even depend on each other.” (Winnicot, 1975)
The physiological and psychological benefits of humor come from the research of Norman Cousins, “Anatomy of an Illness,” and the anthology of research reported in “Health, Healing and the Amuse System,” by Paul E. McGhee.
Theories, forms, styles and pedagogical applications of humor come from Prof. Richard Shade, “License to Laugh: Humor in the Classroom,” and “The Laughing Classroom: Everyone’s Guide To Teaching with Humor and Play,” by Diane Loomans and Karen Kolberg.
The importance of humor as a mature coping skill in the lives of successful people comes from the Harvard study and research by George Valiant.
Appropriate and inappropriate uses of humor from Dr. Christian Hageseth III in his book, “A Laughing Place.”
Zen-like humorous koans come from my Yogi – Yogi Berra, in his book “I Really Didn’t Say Everything I Said!”