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RESOURCES AND REFERENCES. But I'm Not Funny! David Glickman, October Publishing, 2002. (butimnotfunny.com)Comedy Comes Clean. Adam Christing, Crown Trade Paperbacks, 1996Compassionate Laughter. Patty Wooten, R.N., Commune-A-Key Publishing, 1996Energize Your Meeting With Laughter. Sheila Feigelson, ASCD Publications 1998. (ascd.org)Health, Healing and the Amuse System. Paul E. McGhee, Kendall\Hunt Publishing Company, 1996How To Be Funny. Steve Allen, Prometheus Books, 1992Laffirmations.9459

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1. The of

2. RESOURCES AND REFERENCES But I’m Not Funny! David Glickman, October Publishing, 2002. (butimnotfunny.com) Comedy Comes Clean. Adam Christing, Crown Trade Paperbacks, 1996 Compassionate Laughter. Patty Wooten, R.N., Commune-A-Key Publishing, 1996 Energize Your Meeting With Laughter. Sheila Feigelson, ASCD Publications 1998. (ascd.org) Health, Healing and the Amuse System. Paul E. McGhee, Kendall\Hunt Publishing Company, 1996 How To Be Funny. Steve Allen, Prometheus Books, 1992 Laffirmations. Joel Goodman, Health Communications, Inc., 1995 The Humor Project, Inc. Joel Goodman (Producer of “The Positive Power of Humor and Creativity” Conference and editor of “Laughing Matters” magazine.) 110 Spring St. Saratoga Springs, NY 12866, 1-800-225-0330 www.humorproject.com Impro: Improvisation and the Theatre. Keith Johnstone, Theatre Arts Books, 1979 Improvisation. John Hodgson & Ernest Richards, Grove Press, 1979 Improvisation for the Theatre. Viola Spolin, Northwestern University Press, 1983 The Laughing Classroom. Loomans & Kolberg, H J Kramer, Inc., 1993 A Laughing Place. Christian Hageseth III, M.D., Berwick Publishing Company, 1988 License To Laugh. Richard A. Shade, Teacher Ideas Press, 1996 Truth In Comedy. Charna Halpern & Del Close, Meriwether Publishing Ltd., 1994 What To Say When... Lilly Walters, McGraw Hill, 1995

3. THEORIES OF HUMOR I. Incongruity Theory - (Kant, Schopenhauer)  II. Superiority Theory - (Plato, Aristotle, Descartes) III. Relief\Release Theory - (Freud) IV. Humor as a Form of Play - (Eastman) V. Humor Exposes the Truth - (White) VI. Machine Theory - (Bergson) From “License To Laugh” by Richard A. Shade

4. Incongruity Theory (Kant, Schopenhauer) Multiple meanings Detecting ambiguities Sudden shift of perspective

5. Superiority Theory (Plato, Aristotle, Descartes) Humor to inflate our own ego Humor to deflate others we feel are superior Seeing flaw in others as compared to ourselves

6. III. RELIEF \ RELEASE THEORY (Freud) Temporary freedom from our restrictions Rebellion against the repressive or uncontrollable Levity in a tense situation.

7. IV. Humor as a Form of Play - (Eastman) A reversion to childish innocence

10. HUMOR’S EFFECTIVENESS: A “CLEESIAN” PERSPECTIVE I. Humor facilitates learning. II. Humor helps change people’s behavior. III. Humor promotes an increase in creativity. IV. Humor reduces stress. From the videotape “Humor Is Not A Luxury” by John Cleese, available from Video Arts

11. I. Humor Facilitates Learning People learn best when in a state of moderate arousal Humor restores a sense of proportion Makes problems less threatening Reduces resistance to new ideas

12. II. Humor Helps Change People’s Behavior Humor involves people. Bypasses head – Gets through on a gut level Get people to laugh at wrong ways. We learn from our mistakes.

13. III. HUMOR PROMOTES AN INCREASE IN CREATIVITY Research by MacKinnon at Berkeley Creative people took the time to play with problems Switch in frames of reference. Jokes use lateral \ divergent thinking Ha-Ha to A-ha! - Arthur Koestler

14. IV. HUMOR REDUCES STRESS Provides an emotional support Keeps things in proportion We start to overcome problems when we can laugh at them Stimulates immune system - Norman Cousins

15. THE ZYGOMATICS PROGRESSION The SMILE ? The TWINKLE * ? *

16. THE FOUR FORMS OF HUMOR FIGURAL Comic Books Comic Strips Cartoons Political Cartoons

17. HUMOR STYLES Sensate/Thinking Jokes (sexual, scatological) Puns Humor that takes establishment to task Sensate/Feeling Interpersonal relationships Insightful humor Humor that comes from situations Soft, non-hurtful humor Intuitive/Thinking Jokes (class, affluence) Clever puns New Yorker cartoons Intuitive/Feeling Anecdotes Spontaneous humor Original humor Humor with insight

18. HUMOR STYLES Sensate/Feeling Interpersonal relationships Insightful humor Humor that comes from situations Soft, non-hurtful humor

19. HUMOR STYLES

20. HUMOR STYLES

21. HUMOR STYLES

22. Give One,….Get One Things I Do To Bring Humor To My Training

23. BENEFITS OF HUMOR Improves Health Improves Morale Improves Instruction

24. BENEFITS OF HUMOR Improves Health Improves Morale Improves Instruction

25. BENEFITS OF HUMOR Improves Health Improves Morale Improves Instruction

26. BENEFITS OF HUMOR Improves Health Improves Morale Improves Instruction

27. KEYS TO THE SUCCESSFUL USE OF HUMOR Relationship Rapport Setting Timing

28. I. RELATIONSHIP Know your audience Make your intentions clear Tell stories with a purpose

29. II. RAPPORT Have an understanding of your audiences feelings Obtain permission to tease Should be laughing with, not at someone

30. III. SETTING Make sure the humor is appropriate for the space Respect everyone within earshot Humor should enhance, not distract

31. IV. TIMING Allow time for the imagination to work Never rush a punch line Remember the non-verbal pathway to humor

32. KEYS TO THE SUCCESSFUL USE OF HUMOR Relationship Rapport Setting Timing Areas of Humor to Avoid

33. AREAS OF HUMOR TO LIKELY AVOID Sexual Ethnic\Racial Religious Hostile \ Sick Demeaning to Men \ Women

34. Heaven is where the police are British, the chefs Italian, the mechanics German, the lovers French, and it is all organized by the Swiss. Hell is where the police are German, chefs British, the mechanics French, the lovers Swiss, and it is all organized by the Italians.

35. HOW TO DEVELOP YOUR PERSONAL SENSE OF HUMOR Look for humor in everything Collect humor Smile more Participate in humorous activities Hang out with funny people – try the humor buddy system

36. HOW TO DEVELOP YOUR PERSONAL SENSE OF HUMOR Collect Humor Keep a journal \ file \ bulletin board \ library of: Books Magazines Cartoons Headlines Jokes Stories Excuses Oxymoron's Signs Anecdotes Videos \ Audio Tapes

37. HOW TO DEVELOP YOUR PERSONAL SENSE OF HUMOR Participate In Humorous Activities Dress up for “dress-up” day Create \ perform in a sketch written by \ for your colleagues

38. HOW TO DEVELOP YOUR PERSONAL SENSE OF HUMOR Hang Out With Funny People Try the humor buddy system

39. HOW TO DEVELOP YOUR PERSONAL SENSE OF HUMOR Use Humor In Your: Correspondence Surveys Tests

40. Jim Winter www.wavelength.biz [email protected] Toll free: 1 877 LAUGHS 2

41. RESEARCH The philosophical underpinnings of the workshop come from the following statement: “Genuine humor and wisdom are intimately interconnected and even depend on each other.” (Winnicot, 1975)   The physiological and psychological benefits of humor come from the research of Norman Cousins, “Anatomy of an Illness,” and the anthology of research reported in “Health, Healing and the Amuse System,” by Paul E. McGhee.   Theories, forms, styles and pedagogical applications of humor come from Prof. Richard Shade, “License to Laugh: Humor in the Classroom,” and “The Laughing Classroom: Everyone’s Guide To Teaching with Humor and Play,” by Diane Loomans and Karen Kolberg.   The importance of humor as a mature coping skill in the lives of successful people comes from the Harvard study and research by George Valiant.   Appropriate and inappropriate uses of humor from Dr. Christian Hageseth III in his book, “A Laughing Place.”   Zen-like humorous koans come from my Yogi – Yogi Berra, in his book “I Really Didn’t Say Everything I Said!”

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