The Effects of Regional Analgesia on the Progress and Outcome of Labor. Marissa Lazor, M.D. In 1847, the Scottish obstetrician, James Simpson administered ether to a woman during labor to treat the pain of childbirth.
Marissa Lazor, M.D.
Approximately 60 percent of women, or 2.4 million each year, choose epidural or combined spinal-epidural analgesia for pain relief during labor.
young or advanced maternal age
pregnancy induced hypertension
low or high birth weight
pre or post-term infants
induction of labor
obstetrical practice styleFactors Known to be Associated with an Increased C-section Rate