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Technology Policy Programs: Turkey - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Dr. Turgut Tumer Professor, Middle East Technical University, Turkey. Former Associate Vice President, TUBITAK Turkey Vision 2023 Several Research & Industrial Projects MSc and PhD, UK . MIDDLE EAST TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY .

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slide2

Former Associate Vice President, TUBITAK

    • Turkey Vision 2023
  • Several Research & Industrial Projects
  • MSc and PhD, UK
science and technology policy of turkey past present and the future

MIDDLE EAST TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY OF TURKEYpast, present and the future

Turgut Tümer

METU, Dept. of Mech. Eng.

[email protected]

Innovation and Competitiveness Practitioners Workshop

19 April 2004

Istanbul

The

World Bank

slide4

Presentation Plan

  • Milestones of the Turkish S&T policy
  • Present S&T system of Turkey and indicators
  • Where is Turkey now?
  • What is missing?
  • Planning for the future: Vision 2023 Project
slide5

Milestones in S&T Policy of Turkey

  • 1963:Basic research; Establishment of TÜBİTAK
  • 1972:Strategic research;Marmara Research Center (TÜBİTAK-MAM)
  • 1973:Technology development in five-year plan
  • 1983:Comprehensive S&T policies: 1983-2003; Establishment of Supreme Council for S&T (SCST)
  • 1993:Revised S&T Policies:1993-2003; Priority areas, National Innovation System
  • 1995:Industrial S&T support programme
slide6

S&T System of Turkey (1/8)

Institutional framework

  • SCST / TÜBİTAK (main actor)
  • Universities / Public Research Institutes / Firms
  • State Planning Organisation
  • KOSGEB (SME Org.)
  • TTGV (Tech. Dev. Found.)
  • Turkish Patent Institute (TRIPS)
  • National Metrology Institute (TÜBİTAK)
  • Accreditation Board
  • Technology Development Regions –Technoparks
slide7

S&T System of Turkey (2/8)

SCST in 1989-2003

  • 1989

Inaugural meeting

  • 1993

Priority Areas of S&T / Industrial R&DSupport Program

  • 1997-2003

Significant developments / action plans / implementations

slide8

S&T System of Turkey (3/8)

SCST 1993 Policy Approach

Strategic choice to acquire capabilities in science and technology,

  • not only to achieve excellence in scientific and technological research,
  • but also to turn scientific and technological findings into economical and/or social benefits.

Hence, the present S&T Policy of Turkey is based on the establishment of a

National Innovation System

slide9

S&T System of Turkey (4/8)

Current Priority Areas of S&T

  • Information and communication
  • Flexible manufacturing and automation
  • Transportation (with particular interest in rail transport)
  • Aeronautics, space and defence
  • Genetic engineering and biotechnology (with particular emphasis on agricultural applications in relation with the “South-Western Anatolian Project-GAP)
  • Environment friendly technologies and renewable energy systems
  • Eartquake related problems and disaster management
s t system of turkey 5 8
S&T System of Turkey (5/8)
  • TÜBİTAK
  • S&T policy formulation (Secretariat of SCST)
  • Academic R&D support (8 Grant Committees)
  • Industrial R&D support (TİDEB)
  • R&D manpower development
  • Popularisation of science (Books, magazines, journals)
  • International relations
  • In-house research (11 research institutes)
  • R&D support services (ULAKBİM, UME, labs.)
slide11

S&T System of Turkey (6/8)

  • 71 Universities
    • 1.900.00 students
      • 1.100.000 undergraduates
      • 110.000 graduates (of which 25.000 Ph.D)
      • 240.000 open university
      • 400.000 vocational training
    • 76.000 academic staff
      • 10.000 Professors
      • 5.500 Associate Professors
      • 12.500 Assistant Professors
  • 150 public R&D institutions
    • mostly agriculture, forestry, veterinary
    • 11 research institutes of TUBITAK
  • 1000 firms involved in R&D activities (%75 SMEs)
slide12

S&T System of Turkey (7/8)

  • 100 M USD/year (excluding personnel)
    • SPO : 40% (Adv.Res.Proj.)
    • Ministry of Finance : 40% (Sci. Res. Proj.)
    • TÜBİTAK : 6 % (8 Grant Comm.)
    • Other (KOSGEB, ...) : 14%

Public Funds for Academic Research

slide13

S&T System of Turkey (8/8)

Industrial R&D Support

  • TÜBİTAK (Grant to the budget)

$157 million has been granted since 1995 for 959 projects

  • TTGV (Soft loan)

$130 million has been loaned since 1991 to 351 projects

  • KOSGEB (various)
slide14

S&T Indicators

Outcome in ten years

  • Scientific publications

41(90):1177 25(00):6074  22(02):9303

  • GERD in % of GDP

%0.32(90) %0.64(00)

  • R&D realised by business enterprise

%20.4(90)  %33.4(00)

  • R&D financed by business enterprise

%27.5(90)  %42.9(00)

  • R&D personnel intensity per 10,000 labour force

7.5(90)  13.1(00)

slide15

Where are we now?

Turkey on the Globe

  • Demography : 1.1 %
  • GDP (Wealth) : 0.6 %
  • S&T (Knowledge) : 0.9 %

Turkey in the EU-13 Candidates

  • Demography : 37 %
  • GDP (Wealth) : 21 %
  • S&T (Knowledge) : 23 %

One of the opportunities for Turkey is to create economic and social value added by utilizing knowledge through technology development...

what is missing

What is missing?

  • Long term, strategic perspective
  • Public awareness / Community support
  • Committment of the Governments
  • Drive for innovation in industry
  • An integrated, well structured Turkish Research Area
  • Missing elements and harmonious operation of the National Innovation System
missing elements of the nis

Arıkan, Akyos, Durgut, Göker, “NIS”, TÜSİAD Pub., 2003

Missing elements of the NIS

  • Independent assessment institutions
  • National R&D programmes in specific areas
  • Diversified R&D support instruments
  • Innovation Relay Centres
  • Regional innovation systems
  • National information infrastructure
  • Mobility of researchers
  • Speciliased technology service providers
  • Seed capital, start-up support
  • Venture Capital (investment, management)
  • Public procrument, Off-sets
slide18

VISION 2023

PROJECT

EUROPEAN UNION

SIXTH FRAMEWORK

PROGRAM

USING S&T AS A LEVERAGE

FOR SOCIO-ECONOMIC

DEVELOPMENT

Planning for the future

Two major steps in 2002towards planning for the future

slide19

Vision 2023 Project

Decision of the

Supreme Council of

Science and Technology (SCST)

A new national S&T policy document for the period 2003-2023 is to be prepared to build a welfare society

in 2023: 100’th Anniversary of the Foundation of the

Turkish Republic

slide20

TECHNOLOGICAL CAPACITY

TECHNOLOGY FORESIGHT

R&D MANPOWER

R&D INFRASTRUCTURE

  • 2003-2023 STRATEGY DOCUMENT
  • S&T Vision
  • Strategic Technologies and R&D Priorities
  • Policy Recommendations

Vision 2023 Project

Period: Jan. 2002 - 2004

slide21

Turkish Technology Foresight Project - Organisation

Steering Committee:

  • 27 Public (Co-ordination: TUBITAK)
  • 29 NGO’s and Chambers
  • 9 Universities

Total of 65 bodies represented by high ranking officials and managers

slide22

Turkish Technology Foresight Project - Methodology

  • Panels
    • 10 sectoral, 2 thematic panels
    • Over 200 meetings in one year
  • Delphi Survey
    • 413 statements and 20 questions in 11 areas
    • Reached 7000 experts / general anouncements
    • Return rate (first round): 34%
    • 44.000 statements: 105 response/statement

(Technology Demand)

(Technology Supply)

current state of the project
Current state of the project
  • 11 Panels have come up with 95 "Technological Activity Area - TAA", by utilising the results of the Delphi survey.
  • A road map was prepared for each TAA, which includes the list of "Technology Fields - TF" needed.
  • Prioritisation of the technology fields in progress.
  • Synthesis reports (4 volumes) to appear soon.
  • Strategy Document to be submitted to SCST in autumn 2004.
slide24

MIDDLE EAST TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY

Thank you

for your attention

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