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Standards Influences in the Middle East and North Africa. Renee Hancher Office of Multilateral Affairs Market Access and Compliance/ITA. Overview. United States and the European Union (EU) World’s largest markets World’s biggest standards developers

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Standards Influences in the Middle East and North Africa

Renee Hancher

Office of Multilateral Affairs

Market Access and Compliance/ITA


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Overview

  • United States and the European Union (EU)

    • World’s largest markets

    • World’s biggest standards developers

    • U.S. standardization system is market-driven and private sector-led.

    • European standardization system is government-driven and top down.

      Both the United States and European Union are undertaking

      standards activities in many countries and regions.


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Europe’s Standards Activities in the Middle East

  • Neighborhood Policy

  • Delivery of Technical Assistance

  • CEN/CENELEC Agreements


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European Neighborhood Policy

  • A framework for relations with the European Union’s eastern and southern neighbor states.

    • Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Palestinian Authority, Syria and Tunisia.

      Bilateral Action Plans identify areas for cooperation and influence technical assistance provided by the EU;

  • Association Agreements address standards and conformity assessment.

    • Active agreements: Israel, Jordan, Morocco, Palestinian Authority and Tunisia.

    • In process: Algeria, Lebanon and Syria


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European Technical Assistance

  • Encourages institution building and development of regulatory infrastructure to support standards and conformity assessment;

  • Promotes Europe’s regulatory system and standards;

  • Free standards

  • Commercial Service Brussels estimates European standards technical assistance to the Middle East since 1996 at $72 million.

    Algeria $500,000

    Jordan $4.6 million

    Lebanon $7.2 million

    Morocco $1.9 million

    Tunisia $6 million

    MEDA $7 million


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CEN and CENELEC Partner Agreements

  • Solidify standards ties in specific sectors;

  • For countries that are ISO members, but cannot join CEN or CENELEC;

  • CEN (Partner Standardization Bodies)

    • Obligated to implement European standards as national standards for technical committees where active.

    • PSB must withdraw conflicting national standards when adopting European standards.


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CEN/CENELEC PARTNERS

CEN

CEN PARTNER STANDARDIZATION BODIES

Egypt

Tunisia

Israel (considering)

CENELEC AFFILIATES

Tunisia

Israel (considering)


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USG Standards Related Activities in the Middle East and North Africa

  • Technical Assistance

  • Free Trade Agreement TBT chapters

  • NIST Standards in Trade Workshops

  • Other Initiatives


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U.S. Standards Technical Assistance North Africa

  • USAID Trade Capacity Database reports TBT-related technical assistance at $3.4 million for 2000-2004;

  • Private sector efforts by ANSI and SDOs are significant;

  • Delivered to Algeria, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, and Morocco.


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Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) North Africa

  • United States has FTAs with Bahrain, Israel, Jordan and Morocco;

  • OMA FTA implementing legislation signed;

  • UAE FTA in process;

  • Recent FTAs have TBT chapters that build on WTO TBT Agreement provisions, encourage use of international standards;

  • Israel and Jordan FTAs have no TBT chapters.


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NIST Standards in Trade Workshops North Africa

  • Raise awareness by foreign government and private sectors representatives about the U.S. standardization system.

  • Nine workshops for the region in the last decade:

    Iraq Housing and construction sectors

    MENA/ Life safety/building construction

    Pakistan

    Israel Roadway infrastructure and ITS

    GCC Electrical appliance safety & metrology


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Other Initiatives North Africa

  • Commercial Law Development Program (CLDP)

    • Provides standards-related technical assistance to WTO members and FTA partners;

    • Example: 2006 Moroccan delegation studied U.S. regulatory system.

  • Afghanistan and Iraq

    • USG working to set up standards infrastructures;

    • NIST standards advisor deployed to Iraq in 2006.


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ITA Follow-Up North Africa

  • ITA continues to monitor - -private sector input welcome;

  • Report market access issues to DOC (tcc.export.gov);

  • Notify U.S. provides information on proposed foreign technical regulations that can affect exporters.

    http://tsapps.nist.gov/notifyus/data/index/index.cfm


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Have Increased Use of European Standards in the Middle East and North Africa or the CEN/CENELEC partner agreements affected:

  • Information flows (transparency);

  • U.S. exports to the region;

  • Participation in standards development;

  • Please provide specific examples.


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