Presentation of Country Report Professional Training Program on Financing and Cost Recovery for the Provision of Urban Environment Infrastructure Services (13-15 December 2004, AIT, Thailand) Prepared by Mr. Chea Nara Vice Chief office DEPC, MoE, CAMBODIA. Contents. 1- Introduction
Presentation of Country ReportProfessional Training Program on Financing and Cost Recovery for the Provision of Urban Environment InfrastructureServices(13-15 December 2004, AIT, Thailand)Prepared by Mr. Chea NaraVice Chief officeDEPC, MoE, CAMBODIA
2- Cambodia’s Environmental Policy
3- Roles and Responsibility of DPC
4- Environmental Law
5- Responsible Authorities on SWM
6- Household Waste Management
7- Industrial Waste Management
8- Medical Waste Management
9- Constraints on SWM
SWM is one of the major problems facing Cambodia, particularly in the capital city of Phnom Penh. The volume of SW has dramatically increased due to the rapid rate of urban development, rural-urban migration, and high population growth rate. It has been indicated that the amount of SW to be disposed at open dumping site, is estimated 850 tons/day. Most provinces do not have proper dumping site for the MW.
The Ministry of Environment (MoE) of Cambodia was established by a Royal Decree in 1993.
- Protecting and upgrading the environment quality and public health by mean of prevention, reduction and control of pollution, sustainable natural resource management and biodiversity conservation in Cambodia.
- MoE also has crucial role to work closely with relevant government ministries and agencies and international agencies by conducting, researching, environment planning, assess the environmental impacts and sustainable development on natural resources. Anyway,
- MoE has implemented international conventions, protocols and agreements related to environment and natural resources sectors.
1- Sub-Decree on Solid Waste Management (27-4-1999)
2- Sub-Decree on Water Pollution Control
3- Sub-Decree on Air Pollution Control and Noise Disturbance (10-July 2000)
4- Sub-Decree on EIA Process. (11August 1999)
Common rates applied
NIP: Neighborhood Improvement Program
The management of SW in Cambodia is needed to be improved in order to mitigate risks to public health and environment. Public awareness and technical capacity building regarding the management of SW and risk assessment must be strengthened. This must be conducted from the national to local level.
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