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The Social Work Research Dilemma. Why is it important for Social Work as a profession to participant in research?Why must direct Social Work practitioners be involved in research?Why have Social Work practitioners historically not been more actively involved in research? . Integrating Research

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1. Overview of Presentation Research & Practice Dilemma Research Defined The Problem Formulation Process Mission and Vision Next week: Read the Tuskegee Syphilis Study (Reader)

3. Integrating Research & Practice: Barriers TIME EXPENSE APPLICABILITY CONFUSION/FEAR

4. Integrating Research & Practice: Barriers So how can we overcome the barriers? What can we do?

5. Research Defined Research is the use of standardized procedures guided by a scientific mode of inquiry in the search for knowledge in order to enhance understanding, prediction, and control.

6. Standardized Procedures Synonymous with the research process. Help ensure the likelihood that the knowledge we obtain is relevant, valid, reliable, and unbiased. There are “5” standardized procedures.

7. Standardized Procedures Problem Formulation Methodology Data Collection Data Analysis Interpretations Assessment Intervention Plan Implementation Evaluation Closure

8. Modes of Inquiry The canons/values which guide our inquiry. Always “striving” to abide by these values. There are “5” common MOI.

9. Scientific Modes of Inquiry Objectivity Empirical Evidence Precision Replication Communication

10. Levels of Knowledge Types of Research Questions: Exploratory Descriptive Explanatory

11. Standardized Procedures The First Step in the Research Process: Problem Formulation

12. Problem Formulation The Funnel Approach Felt Need or Difficulty Two Criteria for Felt Need: Uncertainty exists Must be willing to accept at least 2 answers

13. Generating Research Ideas Where do ideas (felt needs) originate? Personal Interest Social Problems Prior Research Practice Experiences

14. Moving Thru the Funnel Unstructured Dialog Introspection (thinking) General Reading (Annotated Bibliography).

15. Attention to Biases Tendency to focus on differences rather than similarities. Focusing on liabilities rather than strengths. Pursuing questions in which you “already know the answer.”

16. The Narrowing Process Who are we? What is our purpose? What are the cornerstone concepts that guide practice? What knowledge is relevant knowledge?

17. Specific Narrowing Strategies Identify your “population” List your concerns/problem areas Brainstorm “causes”, consequences, preventions etc- why does the problem exist? Identify areas of uncertainty List some possible questions which target the concerns/uncertainty Identify key concepts or words

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