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NRA FIRST Steps Pistol. NorthWest Safety and Firearms Education. Welcome!. Preliminaries . Introductions Registration Orientation Goal: To provide beginning shooters with an introduction to the knowledge, skills, and attitude necessary to own and use a specific pistol model safely.

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Nra first steps pistol

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol

NorthWest Safety and Firearms Education

Welcome!

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Preliminaries

Preliminaries

  • Introductions

  • Registration

  • Orientation Goal:

    To provide beginning shooters with an introduction to the knowledge, skills, and attitude necessary to own and use a specific pistol model safely.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Preliminaries1

Preliminaries

  • Facilities.

  • Do you have any firearms with you?

  • Do you have any live ammunition with you?

  • Handbooks, brochures and other materials.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Schedule

Schedule

  • 10amLesson I11amLesson IINoonLesson III1:30pmLesson IV

  • Even asking questions, done by 2pm

  • Ten minute break between lessons if we have the time.

  • Shooting portion is in Lesson III

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Nra first steps pistol1

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol

NorthWest Safety and Firearms Education

Lesson I

Introduction to Pistol Safety, Parts and Operation

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Lesson i pistol safety parts and operation

Lesson I: Pistol Safety, Parts, and Operation

  • As a result of this lesson, you will be able to:

    • State the goal of the NRA FIRST Steps Pistol Orientation.

    • Name the three fundamental NRA rules of safe gun handling and demonstrate them with a specific pistol model.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Lesson i pistol safety parts and operation cont

Lesson I: Pistol Safety, Parts, and Operation, cont.

  • As a result of this lesson, you will also be able to:

    • Name the three major components of a pistol and describe their functions.

    • Safely demonstrate loading and unloading procedures for a specific pistol model with training ammunition.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Pistol safety

Pistol Safety

  • What do you think is our primary concern when handling firearms?

    Safety is always the primary concern when handling firearms.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Pistol safety cont

Pistol Safety, cont.

  • What do you think are the major causes of gun accidents?

    IGNORANCE

    CARELESSNESS

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Pistol safety cont1

Pistol Safety, cont.

  • NRA Rules of Safe Gun Handling

    (the blue brochure, first fold-out)

  • Please read the rules aloud…

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


1 always keep the gun pointed in a safe direction

#1: ALWAYS keep the gun pointed in a safe direction

  • What do you think is meant by a “safe direction”?

  • Term: safe direction

  • Term: muzzle

    If the gun were to discharge, it would not cause injury or damage.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


2 always keep your finger off the trigger until ready to shoot

#2: ALWAYS keep your finger off the trigger until ready to shoot

  • If your finger is kept off the trigger, where should it be?

  • Term: trigger

  • Term: trigger guard

  • Term: frame

    The finger should rest outside the trigger guard or along the side of the gun (on the frame).

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


3 always keep the gun unloaded until ready to use

#3: Always keep the gun unloaded until ready to use

  • How do you know whether or not a gun is unloaded?

  • Term: magazine

  • Term: action

  • Term: chamber

    Check that a gun is unloaded by removing the magazine, opening the action, and inspecting the chamber.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Safe pistol handling practical exercise

Safe Pistol HandlingPractical Exercise

  • How do you hand a firearm to another person?

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Pistol parts major components

Pistol Parts: Major Components

  • Turn to Page 1 of the handbook.

  • Term: frame

    • Backbone of the pistol to which the other parts are attached

  • Term: barrel

    • Metal tube through which the bullet passes on the way to the target

  • Term: action

    • Group of moving parts used to load, fire, and unload the pistol

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Revolver frame parts

Revolver: Frame Parts

  • Grip panels

  • Backstrap

  • Trigger guard

  • Rear sight

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Revolver barrel parts

Revolver: Barrel Parts

  • Bore

  • Rifling (Handbook Page 2)

  • Muzzle

  • Front sight

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Revolver action parts

Revolver: Action Parts

  • Trigger

  • Hammer

  • Cylinder

  • Chamber

  • Cylinder release latch

  • Loading Gate (on single actions)

  • Ejector

  • Ejector rod

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Semi automatic frame parts

Semi-Automatic: Frame Parts

  • (Manual) safety

  • Slide stop (sometimes “slide lock”)

  • Decocking lever

  • Grip panels

  • Backstrap (with tang at the top)

  • Trigger guard

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Semi automatic barrel parts

Semi-Automatic: Barrel Parts

  • Bore

  • Chamber

  • Rifling (Handbook Page 2)

  • Muzzle

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Semi automatic action parts

Semi-Automatic: Action Parts

  • Hammer

  • Slide

    • Front Sight

    • Rear Sight

    • Ejection port

  • Magazine (in the magazine well)

  • Magazine release

  • Trigger

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Pistol parts review

Pistol Parts Review

  • What are all the parts on the frame of your gun?

  • What are all the parts on the barrel of your gun?

  • What are all the parts on the action of your gun?

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Pistol operation

Pistol Operation

  • Besides “firing,” there are four basic operations of most pistols:

    • Loading

    • Cocking

    • Uncocking

    • Unloading

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Revolver loading

Revolver Loading

  • Keep the gun in a safe direction, with your finger off the trigger…

  • Load cartridges into the cylinder, with the muzzle downward.

  • Close the cylinder (or loading gate on single actions).

  • Turn the cylinder to index it, if it is not locked.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Semi automatic loading

Semi-Automatic Loading

  • Keep the gun in a safe direction, with your finger off the trigger…

  • Load cartridges into the magazine.

  • Firmly insert the magazine into the magazine well.

  • Cycle the slide to chamber a cartridge.

    • Pull the slide to the rear.

    • Release the slide, don’t “ride” it forward.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Pistol cocking

Pistol Cocking

  • Keep the gun in a safe direction, with your finger off the trigger…

  • Place the hammer under spring tension to prepare it to fire

  • Semi-automatics: cycling the slide may cock the hammer

  • Decockers must be disengaged to cock the hammer

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Pistol decocking

Pistol Decocking

  • Keep the gun in a safe direction, with your finger off the trigger…

  • Relax the hammer’s spring tension so it is not in a position to fire the gun.

  • Term: trigger bar (revolver)

  • Term: decocker (semi-automatic)

  • Some guns should not or cannot be decocked.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Revolver unloading

Revolver Unloading

  • Keep the gun in a safe direction, with your finger off the trigger…

  • Release the cylinder and swing it out.

  • Turn the gun so the chamber mouths are facing downward.

  • Briskly operate the ejector rod.

  • Check by sight and feel that all chambers are empty.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Semi automatic unloading

Semi-Automatic Unloading

  • Keep the gun in a safe direction, with your finger off the trigger…

  • Press the magazine release, and remove the magazine.

  • Cycle the slide.

  • Lock the slide open.

  • Check by sight and feel that the chamber is empty.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Pistol operation practical exercise

Pistol Operation Practical Exercise

  • What are the three rules of safe gun handling?

  • Demonstrate the correct loading, cocking, uncocking, and unloading procedures for your pistol.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Lesson i summary

Lesson I Summary

  • What is the goal of the FIRST Steps Pistol Orientation?

  • What are the NRA’s three rules for safe gun handling?

  • What are the three major components of a pistol and what are their functions?

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Lesson i summary1

Lesson I Summary

  • How do you load and unload your pistol?

  • What are your questions?

  • Take a break until 11am! We’ll continue with more lecture on ammunition and the fundamentals of pistol shooting.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Nra first steps pistol2

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol

NorthWest Safety and Firearms Education

Lesson II

Introduction to Ammunitionand the Fundamentalsof Pistol Shooting

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Lesson ii ammunition

Lesson II: Ammunition

  • As a result of the first part of this lesson, you will be able to:

    • Identify the three items you need to check to determine the proper ammunition for your pistol.

    • Identify the three major types of cartridge malfunctions, and how to respond to them.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Lesson ii fundamentals of pistol shooting

Lesson II: Fundamentals of Pistol Shooting

  • As a result of the second part of this lesson, you will also be able to:

    • Determine your dominant eye.

    • Explain the six fundamentals of pistol shooting.

    • Demonstrate the six fundamentals from the benchrest position.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Pistol ammunition

Pistol Ammunition

  • In the blue brochure, read the rule: “Use only the correct ammunition for your gun.”

  • How do you know what type of ammunition should be used for a particular gun?

    • Most firearms have the ammunition type stamped on the gun itself (often on the barrel).

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Pistol ammunition cont

Pistol Ammunition, cont.

  • How do you know whether the ammunition you have is the correct type for your gun?

    • Ammunition type is identified on the box and sometimes on the base of the cartridge as well.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Pistol ammunition cont1

Pistol Ammunition, cont.

  • What three items should be checked to be sure that you are using the correct ammunition for your gun?

    • The barrel of the gun

    • The box of ammunition

    • The base of the cartridge

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Pistol ammunition cont2

Pistol Ammunition, cont.

  • Be aware that certain ammunition with different designations may be compatible with certain guns.

  • .357 Magnum and .38 Special

  • 9mm Parabellum, 9mm Luger, 9x19

  • Refer to your owner’s manual!

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Cartridge malfunctions

Cartridge Malfunctions

  • Turn to Page 17 and read the definitions of the three cartridge malfunction types

  • Term: misfire

    • A failure of the cartridge to fire after the primer has been struck by the firing pin.

  • Term: hangfire

    • A perceptible delay in the ignition of a cartridge after the primer has been struck by the firing pin.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Cartridge malfunctions cont

Cartridge Malfunctions, cont.

  • If the cartridge fails to fire immediately, what should you do?

    • You don’t know if it’s a hangfire or a misfire:

      • Keep the gun pointed in a safe direction;

      • Wait 30 seconds;

      • Then unload safely.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Cartridge malfunctions cont1

Cartridge Malfunctions, cont.

  • Term: squib load

    • Development of less than normal pressure or velocity after ignition of the cartridge.

  • What may indicate that a squib load may have been fired?

    • Unusual recoil or noise.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Cartridge malfunctions cont2

Cartridge Malfunctions, cont.

  • What action should be taken if a squib load is suspected?

    • Stop firing immediately.

    • Keep the gun pointed in a safe direction, and your finger off the trigger.

    • Unload the gun.

    • Determine if a bullet is lodged in the barrel with a cleaning rod.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Determining the dominant eye

Determining the Dominant Eye

  • Each individual has a dominant eye, which should be used to aim the pistol.

  • Handbook Page 57.

  • How many participants are cross-dominant?

  • Try to use your dominant eye, but in general use the hand and eye that’s most comfortable.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Fundamentals of pistol shooting

Fundamentals of Pistol Shooting

  • What does the word “fundamental” mean?

    • Basic

    • Essential

  • Fundamentals are the essential elements of performing a skill.

  • In the case of shooting, the skill is “firing a shot.”

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Fundamentals of pistol shooting cont

Fundamentals of Pistol Shooting, cont.

  • In brief, the fundamentals of pistol shooting are:

    • Position

    • Grip

    • Breath Control

    • Sight Alignment

    • Trigger Control

    • Follow-Through

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Position

Position

  • What do we mean by “position?”

    • Position refers to the way you hold your body when firing a shot

  • We will cover two positions in this course:

    • Benchrest position

    • Two-handed standing position

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Position cont

Position, cont.

  • A position should be comfortable, balanced, relaxed, and properly aligned with the target.

  • Benchrest, Handbook Pages 70-71

    • Sit behind the bench or table facing the target.

    • Both arms extended fully in front.

    • Wrists are supports by sandbags.

    • The head is erect.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Nra first steps pistol

Grip

  • What do we mean by “grip?”

    • The grip is the manner by which the pistol is grasped and held.

  • Handbook Pages 59-60.

  • Keeping the gun pointed in a safe direction, and finger off the trigger, use the non-shooting hand to place the pistol in the shooting hand.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Grip cont

Grip, cont.

  • Fit the web of the hand as high as possible on the backstrap or tang.

  • Align the gun with the wrist and forearm.

  • Grip the pistol with the base of the thumb and lower three fingers of the shooting hand.

  • Pressure of the grip is directed straight towards the rear.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Grip cont1

Grip, cont.

  • Hold the pistol firmly, but without undue shaking.

  • Always keep your finger off the trigger until ready to shoot. The finger should lie along the side of the frame.

  • The thumb should lie along the other side of the frame, not behind the slide of the gun.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Grip cont2

Grip, cont.

  • Place the heel of the non-shooting hand against the heel of the shooting hand.

  • Firmly wrap the fingers of the non-shooting hand around the fingers of the shooting hand.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Grip cont3

Grip, cont.

  • You should grip the pistol the same way each time you hold the pistol.

  • Your grip on the pistol should not change as you fire the shot.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Breath control

Breath Control

  • Why do you think breath control is important in shooting?

    • In order to minimize body movement while shooting, the breath cycle must be interrupted.

  • Before each shot, take a breath, and let it halfway out so you are comfortable.

  • Generally the breath should be held no more than six to eight seconds. Rest if you get tired!

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Sight alignment

Sight Alignment

  • What two parts of the gun are used for aiming?

    • The front and rear sights.

  • Handbook Pages 60-64.

  • The top of the front sight should be even with the top of the rear sight.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Sight alignment1

Sight Alignment

  • There should be an equal amount of space around the front sight post in the notch of the rear sight.

  • The eye can only focus on one distance at a time. It cannot keep the front sight, rear sight, and the target in focus simultaneously.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Sight alignment cont

Sight Alignment, cont.

  • The shooter must focus on the front sight.

    • The front sight should be sharp and clear.

    • The rear sight and the target should be blurred.

  • Sight picture is obtained by achieving proper sight alignment and then putting those aligned sights into the proper relationship with the target (Handbook Page 61).

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Sight alignment cont1

Sight Alignment, cont.

  • There will always be some movement of the aligned sights relative to the target.

  • Movement can be minimized but not eliminated.

  • Misalignment of the sights introduces error that increases at distance.

  • Try to keep both eyes open when shooting.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Sight alignment cont2

Sight Alignment, cont.

  • Sight adjustments can be made on some guns. Move the rear sight in the direction you want your shots to appear on the target. (Handbook Page 64)

  • Optical and electronic sights eliminate the need to align a front and rear sight.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Trigger control

Trigger Control

  • What is the function of the trigger?

    • When squeezed, the trigger activates the hammer and fires the gun.

  • Handbook Pages 64-65.

  • The index finger is placed with the trigger halfway between the tip of the finger and the first joint.

  • The trigger is squeezed in a smooth, continuous manner directly to the rear, while maintaining sight alignment.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Trigger control cont

Trigger Control, cont.

  • While squeezing the trigger, each shot should come as a surprise.

  • Trigger squeeze and sight alignment must be done simultaneously while minimizing gun movement.

  • Try using training ammunition and dry fire practice to improve your trigger control.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Follow through

Follow-Through

  • How is follow-through important in sports like tennis and golf?

    • In golf and tennis, it is the continuation of a motion after the golf club or tennis racket has hit the ball.

  • Handbook Page 65.

  • Follow-through means continuing to do everything that was being done at the time the shot was fired.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Follow through cont

Follow-Through, cont.

  • Follow-through prevents unnecessary movement of the barrel before the bullet exits.

  • With focus on the front sight and good follow-through a shooter should be able to “call the shot” and identify its location on the target.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Fundamentals review

Fundamentals Review

  • Which are the two most important fundamentals?

    • Sight Alignment

    • Trigger Control

  • The other fundamentals help to minimize disturbance of sight alignment and trigger control.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Lesson ii summary

Lesson II Summary

  • What three items do you need to check to determine the proper ammunition for your pistol?

  • Define the three major types of cartridge malfunctions and the actions required when they occur.

  • How do you determine your dominant eye?

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Lesson ii summary1

Lesson II Summary

  • Explain the six fundamentals of pistol shooting.

  • Describe the benchrest position.

  • What are your questions?

  • Take a break until noon! We’ll pick up with pistol shooting from the benchrest and two-handed standing positions.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Nra first steps pistol3

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol

NorthWest Safety and Firearms Education

Lesson III

Introduction to Pistol Shootingfrom the Benchrest andTwo-Handed Standing Positions

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Lesson iii pistol shooting

Lesson III: Pistol Shooting

  • After completing this lesson, you should be able to:

    • Explain the three range commands, the procedures to be followed if one has a problem with a firearm or drops ammunition, and any applicable range rules for the facility being used.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Lesson iii pistol shooting1

Lesson III: Pistol Shooting

  • After completing this lesson, you should also be able to:

    • Discuss and explain the eight NRA safety rules to be followed when shooting and storing a pistol.

    • Safely shoot a target from the benchrest position using the six fundamentals.

    • Safely shoot a target from the two-handed standing position if time allows.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Range safety shooting facility orientation

Range Safety;Shooting Facility Orientation

  • Range layout

    • Indoor shooting range with shooting lanes.

    • Shooters will be paired up and will shoot in “relays”.

  • Range personnel

    • There will be several instructors and coaches to help shooters.

    • The facility also has Range Officers.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Range commands

Range Commands

  • “Load”

    • Keep the gun in a safe direction, with your finger off the trigger…

    • Shooters may load their guns only after this command has been given.

    • Revolvers: load the cylinder and close it

    • Semi-automatics: place the loaded magazine into the gun and close the slide.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Range commands cont

Range Commands, cont.

  • “Commence firing”

    • When this command is given, you may fire at your target when you are ready.

    • You are not required to begin immediately.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Range commands cont1

Range Commands, cont.

  • “Cease firing”

    • Stop shooting immediately.

    • Keep the gun in a safe direction, with your finger off the trigger…

    • Await further instructions from the Range Officer, coach, or instructor.

      Anyone may call for a cease fire if they see an unsafe condition.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Range commands cont2

Range Commands, cont.

  • “Unload”

    • Keep the gun in a safe direction, with your finger off the trigger…

    • Revolvers:

      • Open the cylinder

      • Eject the casings and cartridges

    • Semi-automatics:

      • Remove magazine

      • Lock open the slide

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Range commands cont3

Range Commands, cont.

  • “Bench the gun”

    • Keep the gun in a safe direction, with your finger off the trigger…

    • Revolvers: put the gun on the bench with the cylinder open

    • Semi-automatics: put the gun on the bench with the slide back and the ejection port up so the chamber is visible.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Problem with your gun

Problem with your gun?

  • Keep the gun in a safe direction, with your finger off the trigger…

  • Raise your hand for assistance.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Drop some ammunition

Drop some ammunition?

  • Keep the gun in a safe direction, with your finger off the trigger…

  • Raise your hand for assistance.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Range procedures review

Range Procedures Review

  • What do the “load” and “commence firing” commands mean?

  • What does the “cease firing” command mean?

  • Who may call for a cease fire?

  • What do the “unload” and “bench your gun” commands mean?

  • What do you do when you have a problem with your gun or drop ammunition?

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Rules for safe shooting

Rules for Safe Shooting

  • What are the three rules for safe gun handling again?

  • Add these rules for using and storing a gun:

    • Know your target and what is beyond.

    • Be sure the gun is safe to operate.

    • Know how to use the gun safely.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Rules for safe shooting cont

Rules for Safe Shooting, cont.

  • More rules for using and storing…

    • Use only the correct ammunition for your gun.

    • Wear hearing and eye protection as appropriate.

    • Never use alcohol or drugs before or while shooting.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Rules for safe shooting cont1

Rules for Safe Shooting, cont.

  • More rules for using and storing…

    • Store guns so they are not accessible to unauthorized persons

    • Be aware that certain types of guns and many shooting situations require additional safety precautions.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Shooting from a new position

Shooting from a New Position

  • We will use an eight step method to learn a new position:

  • Study the position.

  • Practice the position without a pistol.

  • Practice the position with a pistol.

  • Align the position with a target.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Shooting from a new position cont

Shooting from a New Position, cont.

  • Dry fire at the target using the six fundamentals of pistol shooting:

    • Position

    • Grip

    • Breath control

    • Sight alignment

    • Trigger control

    • Follow-through

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Shooting from a new position cont1

Shooting from a New Position, cont.

  • Live fire exercise

    • Single-shot exercise

    • Shoot a five shot “group.”

  • Assess your group, and adjust sights (if applicable) or technique if a problem is identified.

  • Continue to shoot groups and assess.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Benchrest position

Benchrest Position

  • Handbook Pages 70-71

    • Best position for people who have never shot a gun before because it minimizes body movement.

    • Both arms straight out in front.

    • Wrists rest on sandbags.

    • Feet flat on the floor.

    • Head is erect.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Two handed standing position

Two-handed Standing Position

  • Handbook Pages 79-81

    • Best position to start learning standing positions.

    • Feet shoulder-width apart.

    • Hips and shoulders square to the target.

    • Arms straight out and head erect, same as benchrest (another name for position is “Isosceles”).

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Any questions

Any questions?

Are you comfortable with what you know?

Let’s goshoot!

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Lesson iii summary

Lesson III Summary

  • Explain the three range commands, the procedures to be followed if one has a problem with a firearm or drops ammunition, and any applicable range rules for the facility being used.

  • What are the eight NRA safety rules to be followed when shooting and storing a pistol?

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Lesson iii summary1

Lesson III Summary

  • You have all safely shot a target from the benchrest and two-handed standing positions.

  • What are your questions?

  • Take a break until 1:30pm. We’ll pick up with pistol cleaning, storage, and further training opportunities.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Nra first steps pistol4

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol

NorthWest Safety and Firearms Education

Lesson IV

Introduction to Pistol CleaningStorage, and Training Opportunities

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Lesson iv pistol cleaning storage training opportunities

Lesson IV: Pistol Cleaning, Storage, Training Opportunities

  • After completing this lesson, you should be able to:

    • Identify the seven materials needed to clean a pistol

    • Outline the three safety guidelines to be followed when cleaning a pistol.

    • Explain and demonstrate how to clean a pistol safely.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Lesson iv pistol cleaning storage training cont

Lesson IV: Pistol Cleaning, Storage, Training, cont.

  • After completing this lesson, you should also be able to:

    • Name the NRA rule for safe firearm storage, and discuss options for applying this rule when storing a pistol.

    • Discuss the three hygienic guidelines following exposure to airborne particulate lead and cleaning solvent residue.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Lesson iv pistol cleaning storage training cont1

Lesson IV: Pistol Cleaning, Storage, Training, cont.

  • After completing this lesson, you should also be able to:

    • Discuss the benefits of receiving additional pistol training through the NRA Basic Firearm Training Program.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Pistol cleaning

Pistol Cleaning

  • Remember the rule “Be sure the gun is safe to operate”?

  • Regular gun cleaning and proper storage is an important part of the upkeep of your pistol.

  • A gun should be cleaned after every shooting session.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Pistol cleaning materials

Pistol Cleaning Materials

  • Cloth patches

  • Cleaning rod

  • Soft cloth

  • Cleaning rod attachments (tips, brushes)

  • Small brush

  • Bore cleaner

  • Gun oil

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Pistol cleaning safety

Pistol Cleaning Safety

  • Ammunition must not be present in the area.

  • The gun must be unloaded.

  • The action must be open.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Pistol cleaning exercise

Pistol Cleaning Exercise

  • Attach brush to cleaning rod and apply bore cleaner to brush

  • Run brush through bore 8-10 times.

  • Run wet patch (solvent) through bore.

  • Run dry patch through bore.

  • If the patch comes out dirty, repeat the above four steps until it comes out clean.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Pistol cleaning exercise cont

Pistol Cleaning Exercise, cont.

  • Run lightly oiled patch through bore.

  • Repeat the above steps for every chamber of a revolver.

  • Use small brush and solvent to clean other parts of the gun.

  • Wipe entire pistol with lightly oiled cloth.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Some notes on hygiene

Some Notes on Hygiene

  • Refrain from eating, drinking, smoking, applying makeup, or otherwise placing your hands or fingers in near your mouth or nose while on the range or cleaning your gun.

  • After leaving the range or cleaning a gun, wash your hands and face thoroughly (with cold water) before placing your hands or fingers near your mouth or nose.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Some notes on hygiene cont

Some Notes on Hygiene, cont.

  • Change and wash clothing after a shooting or gun cleaning session so that exposure to airborne particulate lead or solvent residue may be further minimized.

  • Even if you were only present and did not shoot, you should follow these guidelines.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Storing a pistol

Storing a Pistol

  • Remember the rule “Store guns so they are not accessible to unauthorized persons”?

  • There is no universal solution for storage as each individual’s situation is unique.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Some storage options

Some Storage Options

  • Trigger Locks

  • Action Locks

  • Padlocks

  • Lockboxes

  • Safes

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Additional pistol shooting

Additional Pistol Shooting

  • It is to your advantage to continue practicing your pistol shooting skills.

  • The NRA offers additional training:

    • NRA Basic Pistol Course

    • NRA Personal Protection Course

    • http://nwsafe.org/courses.html

  • NWSAFE offers these courses from time to time.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Additional pistol shooting cont

Additional Pistol Shooting, cont.

  • The NRA offers a Pistol Qualification program that is self-administered with progressively more challenging goals:

    • Handgun qualification

      • Oriented towards defensive shooting skills.

      • Starts with a paper plate at 15 feet.

    • Pistol qualification

      • Oriented towards the competitive sport shooter.

      • Ends with participation in a Bullseye match, with a minimum score.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


The national rifle association

The National Rifle Association

  • You have been provided a guide to the benefits of membership in the NRA.

  • Members supported the development of the course you just took.

  • The NRA is the largest international firearms training organization in the world, in both its public and police organizations.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Other opportunities

Other Opportunities

  • The are many opportunities to formally, and informally, compete with others which helps you improve your skills.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Lesson iv summary

Lesson IV Summary

  • What are the seven materials needed to clean a pistol?

  • What three safety guidelines must be followed when cleaning a pistol?

  • What three hygienic guidelines should be followed after exposure to airborne particulate lead or cleaning solvent residue?

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Lesson iv summary cont

Lesson IV Summary, cont.

  • What is the NRA rule for safe storage of a gun?

  • What additional training and practice opportunities are available from the NRA?

  • What are your questions?

  • What are your comments about this orientation?

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


Nra first steps pistol5

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol

NorthWest Safety and Firearms Education

Thank you!

Be safe out there with your newpistol knowledge, skills, and attitude

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol


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