Literary Devices. Period 6 AP Language and Composition Mrs. Dolhon. Metaphor. “Instead of honoring this sacred obligation, America has given the negro people a bad check which has come back marked ‘insufficient funds.’”
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AP Language and Composition
Hyperbole is used to exaggerate how scared she is to exemplify how he is seen he by women.
A figure of speech in which exaggeration is used for emphasis or effect.
Staples, Brent. “Just Walk On By: Black Men and Public Space.”: MS Essays: A Portable Anthology. Boston: Cohen, 2004.
The deliberate repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of several successive verses, clauses, or paragraph
“Go back to Mississippi. Go back to Alabama. Go back to South Carolina. Go back to Georgia. Go back to Louisiana.”
Anaphoras are used in “I Have A Dream” to provide emphasis and empowerment to the speech.
King Jr., Martin Luther. “I Have A Dream.” Lincoln Memorial, Washington D.C 28 August 1963
- “All I knew was that I was stuck between my hatred of the empire I served and my rage against the evil-spirited little beasts who tried to make my job impossible.”
Orwell, George. “Shooting an Elephant.” 50 Essays. Ed. Samuels.
Cohen. 2nd ed. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2007. 302-309
The excerpt from Orwell’s “Shooting an Elephant” connotes the literal, the speaker’s difficulty working with the Burman natives, with the “coloring” or associated emotions - his anger and hostility towards both the native population and his county’s imperialism. “Stuck” connotes that Orwell is placed between two “evils” that he equally loathes.
“Little beasts” connotes his bitterness towards the Burmans and the inhuman view that Englishmen had of the natives.
“With this faith we will be able to work together, to pray together, to struggle together, to go to jail together, to stand up for freedom together, knowing that we will be free one day.”
King Jr., Martin Luther. “I Have A Dream.” Lincoln Memorial. Washington D.C. 28 August. 1963
Martin Luther King, Jr. uses a collection of infinitives to create a balanced sentence that emphasizes the actions different races will take together.
A Presentation by Core, Carl, Melissa, and Kyle
An anecdote is a short tale narrating an interesting or entertaining biographical incident.
George Orwell’s piece, “Shooting an Elephant”, is one giant anecdote.
Ex: “ In Moulmein, in Lower Burma, I was hated by large numbers of people. I was sub-divisional police officer of the town…”
Anecdotes serve to illustrate one of the author’s personal experiences.
Orwell, George. "Shooting an Elephant." 50 Essays: A Portable Anthology. (2004): 277-283. Print.
Staples, Brent. "Just Walk on By: Black Men and Public Space." MS. 1994: Print.
Sarcasm- a sharply ironical taunt
“The publisher of Vamos a Cuba should send a bottle of champagne to Frank Bolanos, the Miami-Dade School Board member who led the push to ban the harmless little travel tome from the county’s public schools.”
Carl Hiaasen adds some humor to his article when he uses sarcasm in his writing. He lightens the mood of the legal issue and shows how ridiculous the ban is in his opinion.
Hiaasen, Carl. “This Column Banned in Miami Schools”. Miami Herald. 2006.
Kincaid, Jamaica. “Girl”. At the Bottom of the River. Farrar, Straus, and Giroux. 1983
Definition- repetition of initial sounds in successive or neighboring words
“This sweltering summer of the negro’s legitimate discontent will not pass until there is an invigorating autumn of freedom and equality.”
Since “I Have A Dream” is a speech given to a large crowd with different educational levels the use of sweltering summer is an example of alliteration. Its use helps to catch the listener’s attention, and direct their focus to his point.
This alliteration creates a lasting impression in the listeners’ mind. “Sweltering summer” also allows the reader to understand the oppression and discomfort that the African American community endures.
King Martin Luther Jr. “I Have A Dream”. Lincoln Memorial, Washington D.C. August 28, 1963
Kincaid Jamaica. “Girl”. At the Bottom of the River. Farrar, Straus, and Giroux. 1983.