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Japan. Capital: Tokyo. Landforms. Four “Home” Islands Hokkaido Honshu Shikoku Kyushu 70% Mountainous,20% plains that are located along the coast Highest peak Mount Fuji. Landforms. Many earthquakes, volcanic activity

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Japan l.jpg

Japan

Capital:

Tokyo


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Landforms

  • Four “Home” Islands

    • Hokkaido

    • Honshu

    • Shikoku

    • Kyushu

  • 70% Mountainous,20% plains that are located along the coast

  • Highest peak Mount Fuji


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Landforms

  • Many earthquakes, volcanic activity

  • Also have Tsunami- a large potentially destructive sea wave caused by tectonic activity


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Climate

  • Northern Japan- Humid-Continental, winters cold and summers are cool

  • Southern Japan- Humid-subtropical, winters mild and summers are warm and humid


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History

Ainu

  • First inhabitants

  • Japan is influenced strongly by Chinese, and Korean

  • Religions-Shinto, Buddhism

  • Meiji Period - “enlightened rule” the modernization period which included rapid industrialization and changes in education, law and government

  • 1890- had a constitution and parliamentary system of government


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History

1890-parliamentary system of government

formed

1905- defeated Russia in the Russo-Japanese War

1910- Annexed(formally joined) Korea to its empire

1895- defeated China in a war over control of Korea


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History

1941- entered World War II by attacking the U.S.(Pearl Harbor)

After World War II-democratic government established

1920- Added many North Pacific islands to Japan

1940- signed an alliance with Germany and Italy


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Agriculture

-1/5 of land in arable

-40% of world’s food needed comes from Japan

-with a population ½ of U.S. Japan has 2 times as many farmers

-most of the farming is RICE

-tea, mulberry trees, soybeans, and other fruits and vegetables are grown in the warmer climates


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Agriculture

(Food Industry)

  • Northern Japan produces wheat, barley, potatoes, and vegetables

  • Island of Hokkaido is home to successful dairy industry

  • Fast food industry is growing rapidly

  • Japan imports $85 million frozen French fries each year

  • The farming is protected by high government subsidies-is financial support given by a government


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Resources

  • Location near seas rich in marine life, long coastlines has helped create theLARGESTfishing industry in the world

  • Has 10%of the world’s fish catch

  • Aquaculture supplyfish,shellfish,seaweed,andpearls (from oysters)

  • Japanese practice commercial whaling despite international protests


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Resources

- 2/3 of the land is forest and one of the world’s largest forested nation

- few energy resources and industrial raw materials

- oil is the country’s major imports

  • hydroelectric power plants provide 12% of electrical needs

  • Nuclear power plants provide 25%


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Industry

  • -Ranks high in production of

  • steel

  • computers

  • telephones

  • household products

  • World leader in production of

    • Cameras

    • Television

    • Videocassette recorders

    • Radios

    • Watches

    • Motorcycles


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Reasons for GREAT SUCCESS

  • Cultural geography

  • Everyone being one culture (Japanese) and that helps the communication and making decisions process easier

  • Work ethic- a belief that work is good in and of itself (many Japanese work on weekends and until late at night)

  • There are good solid relationships betweenemployees and employers


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International Japan

  • Trade surplus exists when a nation exports more than it imports

  • Exports to the U.S. is two times greater than imports from the U.S.

  • World’s largest banks are owned by Japan


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The Kansai Region

The three major industrial centers:

Osaka (Japan’s second largest city)

Kobe (nearby port city)

Kyoto (ancient capital)

The Nagoya area

Lies on Lse Bay

Major city and industrial center

The three nodal areas:

The Tokyo Bay area

More than 25 million people live in this region

Urban agglomeration- is a densely inhabited and contiguous region surrounding a central city

Tokyo is the center of communications, government, banking, education, and trade

Urban Heartland

  • All these regions are faced with problems such as:

    • Unaffordable housing

    • Air pollution

    • Traffic congestion


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Japanese Way of Life

Has Highest life expectancy 82-Women 76-Men

  • Middle Class Living

More than ½ of women are in the work force and are seeking a larger role in Japanese society.

Baseball, golf, and skiing are favorite forms of recreation

Generally sits on cushions or mats placed on the floor

They have apartments the size of American apartments but more expensive


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