slide1
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Mapping Local Knowledge – Possibilities of WebGIS in Urban Planning Experiments in Maunula

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 16

GIS and an Urban Planning Process - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 821 Views
  • Uploaded on

TED 19.-22.5.2005. Mapping Local Knowledge – Possibilities of WebGIS in Urban Planning Experiments in Maunula. Heli Rantanen, Architect [email protected] Helsinki University of Technology Laboratory of Urban Planning and Design.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' GIS and an Urban Planning Process' - salena


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

TED 19.-22.5.2005

MappingLocal Knowledge –

Possibilities of WebGIS in

Urban Planning

Experiments in Maunula

Heli Rantanen, [email protected]

Helsinki University of TechnologyLaboratory of Urban Planning and Design

gis and an urban planning process

“The shortcoming in diffusion of planning tools limits the utility of science to policy and decision making that is so essential for developing environmentally, socially, and economically healthy communities.”

GIS and an Urban Planning Process

According to Nedovic-Budic (2000) geographicinformation science could contribute to a planning process

in five areas:

  • geographic information database development for planning-related analysis;
  • integration of geospatial technologies with urban models;
  • building of planning support systems;
  • facilitating discourse and participation in the planning process;
  • evaluation of planning practice and technological impact
urban planning and participation finland

The planning apparatus itself hasn’t changed much: new tools and practices are not being utilized as they should in municipal institutions, there is lack of GIS skills, and data bases in general should be exploited better (Rossi 2005). Old legal procedure controls the process.

Urban Planning and Participation (Finland)
  • Land Use and Building Act 2000: municipalities were obliged to organize a participative planning process
  • Questions arised:
    • Who are the legitimite participants in an area (who are “allowed” to take part in planning process?)
    • Who produces the most qualified information: professionals and experts or the residents and other local stakeholders?
    • Who has the overall knowledge of a neighbourhood?
  • The use of the Internet aroused great expectations: true two-flow interaction made possible?
local knowledge of a neighbourhood
Local Knowledge of a Neighbourhood?
  • Locally attached every-day-life data
    • “true” places of activities (where the children actually play or where the pathways go)
    • arguments, opinions, points of views
    • contributions to a planning process: proposals, plans, visions
    • information with time axis: history of a place, experiences, memories
  • Often tacit and implicit, “common knowledge”
    • The challenge is to make this knowledge explicit and equal to the “hard technical data”.
  • Paradox of the Expertise of Laymen (Staffans 2004):
    • there are professionals and experts among the residents too – but they are not seen as “ordinary residents” and their input is often criticized by the municipal planners, who reproach the activists of “taking over the process” and value “the voice of the silent ones”.
case study my maunula map and the city quarter of maunula
Case Study: My Maunula-map and the City Quarter of Maunula
  • My Maunula –map (2003): producedin cooperation with the residents’ association, the City Planning Department of Helsinki and University of Technology, Department of Architecture
    • The map tool was due to support the Development of Maunula Shopping Centre–case (the residents wanted to demonstrate that the old mall area should be developed and rebuilt).
  • The residents could mark places with symbols: pleasant, unpleasant, unsafe or (traffic-related) dangerous places
  • A comment could be attached on each symbol in a coordinates
    • The planners were interested in the answerers (age group, sex, where they lived).  Is a person’s opinion unworthy, if he/she lives next to the Shopping Centre? Is a good argument ignored if it is presented by a “wrong” person?
  • By surveying the results on-line as an illustration or a list, both planners and the residents themselves can form a ”mental map” of Maunula.
slide7

Illustration view and a search form

Unpleasant and unsafe places in Maunula (all age groups)

Access to ”data base”: theme maps

slide8

Some feedback from the residents

In 1½ year’s time: 150 responses (of 7500 inhabitants):

  • 323 symbols, out of which a comment in 59 %: pleasant 109, unpleasant 87, unsafe 67 (– most of them in a shopping centre area - ) and dangerous traffic 60
  • Some feedback from the residents:
  • female, 60 – 69: Easy to use! It would be so nice if this [map] helps bringing out opinions and the positive changes and even supports enduring the good surroundings.
  • male, 70 +: Interesting, stimulates thinking.
  • male, 50 – 59: Interesting initiative…especially the results are of interest!
  • male, 30 – 39: Reading maps and orienteering require some skills, though…
  • male, 40 – 49: I hope that with these comments I can influence on the well-being and cosyness of the neighbourhood.
  • male, 20 – 29: A good idea of mapping people’s opinions.
  • female, 30 – 39: … you can perceive the place as a whole better.
  • female, 30 – 39: A very good way to map the charachter of the area.
slide9

Maunula: residents, locality and communication

Communication,

publication

  • Produces new actors
  • Creates image of the city quarter,
  • “Playing board” in areal development,
  • Dialogue
  • Local service portal
  • A tool for actors
  • Efficient local media, widely read
  • Creates areal identity
  • Advertising place for local firms and enterprises
  • Comes out four times a year

Local web site:

A digital forum

Local Newspaper:

News of Maunula

Community

Studio (Internet TV)

Interaction with the “out side world”

Locality

  • Meeting place
  • Networking
  • Organizing
  • Close to the inhabitants and local actors
  • The base of projects
  • Operational tool
  • ICT tools for free use
  • Experts, researchers and decision makers together with the residents
  • Creates new information in the area
  • Maintains and stimulates local discussion
  • Creates networks
  • Brings up new projects
  • Strategic tool

Local forums:People meetingeach other and sharing knowledge

Net CenterMaunulan Mediapaja:work shop for residents and projects

Networking,

organizing

Hannu Kurki 13.9.99/8.11.99/HR 4.12.2002

slide10

Some early conclusions

…in a context of Maunula´s versatile resident activity on other sections too:

  • residents are willing and capable of evaluating their living environment as a whole (not just ”my back yard”)
  • they expect to have influence on it and to have some feedback
  • WebGIS applications must be very simple and easy to use. Even using layers (as in many web-map services offered by the cities) can be too difficult.
  • The application may give ”something in exhange”. A possibility to review the results and answers of the others can be rewarding enough.
  • Still: the most important reward would be the fact, that this citizen produced data would be of some importance.
slide11

Residents, Internet, GIS and the City:the different ways of influencing (not just participating)

!

Other influencemethods:

  • Lobbying: using all the medium, Internet, press, face-to-face gatherings etc.- Direct contacts to the politicians and decision makers- recognizing how the planning process “really” works

Municipality:

Planners,

Experts

City

Administration

Politicians

Decision

Making

Unfit planning

practices

Lack of GIS skillsin general

?

Attitude problems

ICT barrier

A local data bank as an influence method :

  • Local “agents” and citizen activists as actors- “Leagalizing” fuzzy, informal local data- Residents controlling the data- Storing the process- Time axis!!

WebGISapplication

City Quarter’s

Web Site

A Place:

Neighbourhood,

Home

Associations

Elderly

Entrepreneurs

Maunula

Residents

Professionals

Children

the role of the internet and webgis
The role of the Internet and WebGIS?
  • WebGIS applications open – at least in theory – the data bases to the public unanswered questions about price, access, data security etc.
  • WebGIS applications tailored for the citizens tend to remain unattached to the official GIS systems of the city
  • Internet enables a two-way flow of information concerning a place but municipal planning system can’t often utilize this feature the practices of urban planning (in Finland) don´t support interaction and “shared expertise” (Staffans 2004)
  • Easy-to-use interface offers possibilities for many kinds of informal data gathering applications  but they often remain unattached to the real planning procedure
  • Building, testing and embedding various kinds of planning support tools and methods is essential
slide13

Some Prospects

  • A local WebGIS application may function not only as a data collector for the municipality but as a local data bank for the residents themselves:
    • It can help them to gain a more comprehensive understanding of the nature and potentials of their neighbourhood.
    • Embedded in other local activities and medium a local map application supports local knowledge creation
    • A map interface seems to offer an easy enough access to information (which can be hard to find in hierarchial data management systems)
  • Experiences as in Maunula during the last 5-6 years show, that the role of the Internet in general has become more and more important:
    • The Web gives third sector actors a possibility to have (some) control over the information and publicity a concerning them
slide14

OPUS-project

Social process simulations and ICT-based methods as bridge builders

USER EXPERIENCES

PLANNING

PRACTICES

OSALLISET

TACIT KNOWLEDGE

THE KNOWLEDGE BASE OF URBAN PLANNING

slide15

OPUS contribution to the issue

  • A Development Forum of an area (Centre of Espoo) will be designed and built up in the Internet in cooperation with the local actors, entrepreneurs and the City of Espoo
    • The Forum will be maintained by local actors during and after the project
  • Different kinds of map-based interfaces will be developed based on earlier experiences in Maunula and other urban neighbourhoods (City Quarters).
  • Important feature to be developed further: time axis and history attributes in spatial data so that it would be possible to go back to different phases of the development process.
    • No one actually stores the whole planning process with all the including information
  • The focus will be in the city planning process itself; the aim is dissemination of new planning tools and participative methods.
slide16

References:

  • Bäcklund, P (toim.). (2003): Tietoyhteiskunnan osallistuva kansalainen. Tapaus Nettimaunula.Helsingin kaupungin tietokeskuksen tutkimuksia. 5/2003
  • Nedovic-Budic, Z. (2000):Geographic Information Science Implications for urban and regional palnning.URISA Journal, (Version 03/15/00) http://www.urisa.org/Journal/protect/vol12no2/nedovic/abstract.htm
  • Rossi, L. (2005): Tietotekniikan soveltaminen Maankäyttö- ja rakennuslain kaavojen toteutuksen ohjelmointiin.Tampereen teknillinen yliopisto. Julkaisu 525
  • Staffans, A.: Vaikuttavat asukkaat. Vuorovaikutus ja paikallinen tieto kaupunkisuunnittelun haasteina.Yhdyskuntasuunnittelun tutkimus- ja koulutuskeskuksen julkaisuja A 29. Yliopistopaino Oy.
  • My Maunula –map: www.kaupunginosat.net/maunula/kartta
  • Maunula Web Site (new): www.maunula.net
ad